EURASIA LIFT

Human Rights Issues in Eurasia / Правовые Вопросы В Регионах Евразии

Archive for July 1st, 2009

Kremlin Uses Anti-Extremism Law to Tighten Control of Russian Society

Posted by Info on 01/07/2009

For the first time since the end of the Soviet Union, Moscow has directed the country’s force structures and in the first instance the Ministry of Internal Affairs (MVD) to monitor and control the attitudes of people not only of the regime’s opponents but others far from politics, according to a leading Moscow specialist on the security services.

In an article in  “Yezhednevny zhurnal,” Irina Borogan, who is the deputy head of the Agentura.ru portal, says that the authorities, citing the need to prevent “destabilization” and invoking “anti-extremism” laws, is launching a campaign that may ultimately affect “hundreds of thousands” of Russians.

….

Borogan suggests that the “starting point” of this broad campaign against those who may disagree with the powers that be was the establishment in September 2008 on the foundation of the MVD’s Department for the Struggle with Organized Crime and Terrorism of a new Department for Preventing Extremism.

And “now the MVD is ready to apply all the contemporary achievements of electronic surveillance” to monitor the attitudes of the population.

One of the new technologies the MVD is using, Borogan says, are computerized data bases in which information is filed and cross-referenced. But at the same time, the force structure expert says, the MVD has not forgotten the old methods as well and is actively involved in developing a network of agents for keeping track of the utterances of the populace.

Given the size of this effort, “ordinary people who are not involved in any of these things also can become victims of the struggle: the larger the size of the lists, accounts and data bases, the higher probability of errors.”

Posted in Russia | Leave a Comment »

AZERBAIJAN: NGO LAW PASSED

Posted by Info on 01/07/2009

Azerbaijan’s parliament has adopted a somewhat liberalized version of legislation that sets new limits on the country’s non-governmental organizations.

The new bill does not include one of the most controversial original provisions — limitations on foreign funding to a maximum of 50 percent of an NGO’s total budget, according to the Vesti news service. The new legislation allows foreign-based NGOs to work in Azerbaijan only on the basis of intergovernmental agreements, the Vesti report added.

A handful of Azerbaijani NGOs activists gathered in front of parliament to protest the legislation, but law enforcement personnel quickly dispersed the demonstration.

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Kyrgyz troops kill 3 terror suspects in shootout

Posted by Info on 01/07/2009

BISHKEK, Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyz security forces killed three alleged members of a terrorist organization in a shootout this weekend, authorities said Monday – the latest in a series of clashes with militants in this poor Central Asian nation.

The ministry said they belonged to the Islamic Jihad Group, an obscure organization that Uzbek authorities have claimed is a splinter group of the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan. Some terrorism experts doubt the group exists, however, accusing Uzbek security services of mounting the attacks as a pretext to repress government opponents.

The shootouts also follow violence in the Ferghana region, a valley that spans the ex-Soviet republics of Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan and has seen regular ethnic clashes over the years.

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Russia, Georgia to resume talks amid intensifying tension

Posted by Info on 01/07/2009

30 June 2009

GENEVA – Georgia and Russia are set to meet Wednesday in Geneva for the sixth time since last October in a bid to find an accord on security arrangements, amid growing tensions following their war last year.

Just two days before the talks were due to begin, Russia started its biggest military exercises involving 8,500 troops in the Caucasus since its war with Georgia last August.

Russia is also opposed to renewing the mandate of the OSCE and UN’s missions in the conflict zones.

The mandate of the first OSCE mission in Georgia expired on December 31, while the second ended on Tuesday.

Russia has also vetoed a draft resolution aimed at extending the UN mission in Georgia (MONUG) deployed in Abkhazia since a conflict in 1993.

Instead, Moscow has proposed a new pan-European security agency, which has left Western countries skeptical.

“We didn’t expect such an extreme position from the Russians, notably on the role of the United Nations. It’s not really a good sign for the stability in the region,” said the diplomat.

Posted in Georgia, Russia, UN | Leave a Comment »

Geneva:Грузия согласна не применять силу на Кавказе

Posted by Info on 01/07/2009

В среду в Женеве во время консультаций по вопросам безопасности и стабильности на Кавказе замминистра иностранных дел Грузии Георгий Бокерия заявил, что грузинская сторона может подписать договор о неприменении силы в конфликтных зонах в Абхазии и Южной Осетии.

В Женеве в среду начались консультации по вопросам безопасности и стабильности на Кавказе, в которых принимают участие грузинская, абхазская, югоосетинская стороны, а также США, Россия, Евросоюз, ООН и ОБСЕ.

«Мы знаем, что российская сторона будет требовать подписания договора о неприменении силы между Грузией, Абхазией и Южной Осетией, но мы не признаем таких субъектов и готовы подписать договор с Россией в обмен на деоккупацию грузинских территорий и введение в Абхазию и Южную Осетию международных миротворческих сил, обладающих полицейскими функциями», – сказал Бокерия, сообщает «Интерфакс».

Как заявил журналистам в Женеве глава российской делегации замминистра иностранных дел Григорий Карасин,

«для России главное, чтобы в регионе была гарантирована безопасность местному абхазскому и югоосетинскому населению».

«Все остальные потуги так или иначе решить болезненные вопросы силовым способом обречены на провал», – сказал Карасин.

Posted in Грузия, UN | 1 Comment »

Amnesty International: на Северном Кавказе по-прежнему грубо нарушаются права человека

Posted by Info on 01/07/2009

Международная правозащитная организация Amnesty International заявляет, что на Северном Кавказе по-прежнему грубо нарушаются права человека, а доступ в регион неправительственных организаций затруднен, сообщает РИА “Новости” со ссылкой на текст доклада организации.

В докладе “Верховенство беззакония: нарушения прав человека на Северном Кавказе”, опубликованном на 45 страницах, международные правозащитники в очередной раз выражают свою озабоченность пренебрежением защитой прав человека в Чечне, Ингушетии, Дагестане и Кабардино-Балкарии. “Как и прежде, гражданское население живет в обстановке беззакония, порождающего страх и незащищенность”, – говорится в докладе.

Авторы исследования заявляют, что антитеррористические операции правоохранительных органов на Северном Кавказе “нередко сопровождаются серьезными нарушениями прав человека”, а “для достижения законной цели – обуздания насилия со стороны вооруженных группировок и восстановления стабильности на Северном Кавказе – по-прежнему применяются методы, идущие вразрез с международным правом в области прав человека”.

Posted in Россия | Leave a Comment »

…beatings, torture, malnourishment and rampant tuberculosis in Russia’s overcrowded jails

Posted by Info on 01/07/2009

Prisoners ‘preferred Guantanamo’ to justice back home in Russia

“In Guantanamo they treat him humanely and the conditions are fine,” Amina Khasanova, the mother of Andrei Bakhitov, told the newspaper Gazeta. “I am terribly scared for my son in a Russian prison or court system.”

Russian jails, where inmates may be held 20 to a cell, tuberculosis is rampant and hygiene minimal, have been condemned as “deadly”.

Although the death penalty has been abolished in Russia, Muslim prisoners held on “terrorism” charges may be persecuted by fellow prisoners and prison staff angered by the terrorist attacks on civilians by Chechen rebels.

Allegations of torture and beating in remand custody are commonplace.

Posted in Russia | 1 Comment »

Last Russian at Guantanamo afraid to return home

Posted by Info on 01/07/2009

CHALLY, Russia — The mother of the last Russian inmate being kept at the U.S. detention center at Guantanamo Bay says her son is reluctant to return to Russia.

Ravil Mingazov, who is from Tatarstan, has reportedly told his mother that he is worried about being arrested if he returns to Russia after being released from Guantanamo.

Ravil Mingazov, the last remaining Russian in Guantanamo, is a former Russian ballet dancer who faces torture and worse if he is transferred to Russia, which has a history of intolerance for Muslims and, in particular, has subjected the seven other released Guantanamo detainees to harsh imprisonment, torture, and in one case death.

Given the fate of the other seven Russians who were released, counsel for Mr. Mingazov does not anticipate that the Government will seek to transfer him to Russia; however, if the Government were to give notice to counsel and the Court, pursuant to the 30-Day Notice Order in this case, that it intended to transfer Mr. Mingazov to Russia, counsel would seek to enjoin such transfer.

As of June 15, 2009, he has been held at Guantánamo for six years eight months.

Posted in Russia | Leave a Comment »