Human Rights Issues in Eurasia / Правовые Вопросы В Регионах Евразии

“Is piracy a form of terrorism?”

Posted by Info on 11/10/2009

Piracy is a traditional international crime on its own. Nowadays, there is a definition of piracy in article 101 of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 1982:

Piracy consists of any of the following acts:

(a) any illegal acts of violence or detention, or any act of depredation, committed for private ends by the crew or the passengers of a private ship or a private aircraft, and directed:

(i) on the high seas, against another ship or aircraft, or against persons or property on board such ship or aircraft;

(ii) against a ship, aircraft, persons or property in a place outside the jurisdiction of any State;

(b) any act of voluntary participation in the operation of a ship or of an aircraft with knowledge of facts making it a pirate ship or aircraft;

(c) any act of inciting or of intentionally facilitating an act described in subparagraph (a) or (b).

However, as piracy often entails the taking of human beings as hostages, for demanding ransom of for some other reason, such forms of piracy also fall under the 1979 Convention against the Taking of Hostages which is regarded as one of the United Nations treaties against terrorism.

Hence, hostage-taking, also when done as a part of an act of piracy, is a form of terrorism.

comment to the article here


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