Human Rights Issues in Eurasia / Правовые Вопросы В Регионах Евразии

Archive for December, 2009

Belarus To Toughen Control Over Internet

Posted by Info on 30/12/2009

Belarus’ authoritarian leader President Alexander Lukashenko is promising: “We will identify any person who disseminates lies and dirt, and will make them answer strictly to the law.”

He told journalists that a new Internet bill, proposed Tuesday, would require the registration and identification of all online publications and of each Web user, including visitors to Internet cafes. Web service providers would have to report this information to police, courts and special services.

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Ходорковский Не Сможет Отпраздновать Новый Год – С 1 По 10 Января Будут Запрещены Свидания С Родными

Posted by Info on 30/12/2009

В праздничные дни – с 1 по 10 января будут запрещены свидания с родными и адвокатами. Согласно закону, 6 и 8 января будут приниматься передачи для людей, содержащихся в СИЗО, рассказала адвокат, после 10 января Ходорковскому с разрешения судьи положены два свидания в месяц.

Процесс по второму уголовному делу в отношении экс-главы ЮКОСа Михаил Ходорковский, обвиняемого в хищении нефти, возобновится в Хамовническом суде Москвы 11 января.

По первому уголовному делу Ходорковский признан виновным в мошенничестве, присвоении чужого имущества, неуплате налогов и других преступлениях и осужден на 8 лет лишения свободы.
До декабря 2006 года Михаил Ходорковский отбывал наказание в исправительной колонии № 10 общего режима города Краснокаменск Читинской области, затем был переведён в СИЗО Читы, где ему были предъявлены новые обвинения, а после этого – в Москву в СИЗО “Матросская тишина”.

Posted in Россия | Leave a Comment »

Medvedev Signs Laws On Territorial Jurisdiction Of Terror Cases

Posted by Info on 29/12/2009

Russian President Dmitri Medvedev has signed a number of laws changing the territorial jurisdiction of terrorists and allowing consideration of “terrorist” cases by juries.

The above legislation comprises the Federal Law “On Territorial Jurisdiction of District (Fleet) Military Courts” and amendments to a number of legal acts – Federal Constitutional Laws “On Judiciary in the Russian Federation” and “On Military Courts”, to the Law “On Jurymen of Federal Courts of General Jurisdiction”, and to Articles 31 and 35 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation.

According to the new legislation, upon petition of the public prosecutor or his deputy, the criminal proceeding on terrorist or extremist crimes can be transferred to the regional military court, where the crime was committed. There, such cases may be considered by a jury.

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Human Rights Lawyer & Journalist’s “Killer” Was Forced To Confess

Posted by Info on 29/12/2009

Nikita Tikhonov who earlier confessed to the killings of human rights lawyer Stanislav Markelov and journalist Anastasiya Baburova in Moscow, has withdrawn his confession.
He said investigators forced him to confess to the shootings in 2009 by threatening his girlfriend.

One victim, Stanislav Markelov, was known for his work on cases involving war crimes and human rights violations.
The other, Anastasiya Baburova, worked for ‘Novaya Gazeta’, the same newspaper where murdered journalist Anna Politkovskaya worked.

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Ukrainian Yanukovych Argues Benefits of Authoritarianism

Posted by Info on 29/12/2009

The Kremlin-backed Ukrainian political candidate Viktor Yanukovych has given an interview about his view of the fruits of democracy, arguing for a clampdown on freedoms and political sovereignty, and a closer alliance with Russia.

“So what did this Orange Revolution give us? Freedom of speech? That’s very good. But what price did the Ukrainian people pay for this? For the development of this democratic principle in our country, the price was too great.”

Yanukovych said his first priority as president would be to revive the use of the Russian language in schools and in the workplace, a move that would reverse the “forced Ukrainization” of the millions of Russian-speaking Ukrainians who support him.

“Democracy is above all rule of law, it is compliance with the law and constitution by everyone, and in these five years we have seen how the laws have been systematically broken, how the principles of the law have been replaced by political expediency,” Yanukovych said.

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B Туркмении Запрещено Отмечать Новогодние Праздники В Ресторанах

Posted by Info on 29/12/2009

Запрет ввел президент страны Гурбангулы Бердымухамедов. Решение было принято в связи с недавним пожаром в российском ночном клубе “Хромая лошадь”, в результате которого погибли более 150 человек.

Запрет продлится до 3 января 2010 года.

Как отмечает агентство, уже с 20 декабря заведения общественного питания перестали принимать от жителей Туркмении заявки на новогодние банкеты. Соглашения с теми, кто забронировал ресторан ранее, были расторгнуты.
Запрет коснулся не всех ресторанов. Исключения сделаны для заведений, которые принадлежат родственникам президента.

Posted in Туркменистан | Leave a Comment »

Sergei Magnitsky Was Subjected To “Physical And Psychological Pressure”

Posted by Info on 29/12/2009

An independent commission has condemned Russian authorities over the treatment of a lawyer who fought official corruption and died in prison.

The Moscow Public Oversight Commission’s report concludes that Sergei Magnitsky was subjected to “physical and psychological pressure” and names officials blamed for his death. Magnitsky, 37, died last month after being denied treatment for pancreatitis he developed while in jail. He was arrested in 2008 on tax evasion charges linked to his defence of Hermitage Capital Management, a multibillion-dollar fund headed by a British investor.

“A man who is kept in prison is not capable of using all the necessary means to protect either his life or his health. This is a responsibility of a state which holds him captive. Therefore, the case of Sergei Magnitsky can be described as a breach of the right to live. The members of the of the civic supervisory commission, have reached the conclusion that Magnitsky had been experiencing both psychological and physical pressure in prison, and the conditions in some of the wards of Butyrka can be justifiably called torturous. The people responsible for this must be punished.”

Posted in Russia | Leave a Comment »

Russia To Prosecute Dymovsky – Its Only Honest Cop!

Posted by Info on 29/12/2009

Former police major Alexei Dymovsky who accused senior officers of corruption in a series of video blogs will himself face prosecution for abuse of office. He used YouTube to appeal to Prime Minister Vladimir Putin to tackle corruption in the police force.
Corruption is endemic in Russian society and global surveys have repeatedly ranked the former Soviet state as one of the most corrupt in the world.

A criminal case will be brought against Dymovsky for “fraud committed by a person using his official position”, the Prosecutor-General’s investigative committee said in a statement. It gave no further details.

Dymovsky, who worked for the police force in the Black Sea port of Novorossiisk, appealed to Putin to rein in senior officers whom he accused of pressuring subordinates to charge innocent people to meet statistical targets. He was fired after making the appeal, which received more than one million hits on YouTube.

“The main thing is that the people of Russia have seen the light. Others will follow me,. You can’t jail the whole of Russia, it’s not 1937 anymore,” Dymovsky said in a reference to purges under Soviet dictator Josef Stalin.

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Судебные Решения Будут Публиковать В Интернете С Июля 2010

Posted by Info on 28/12/2009

C июля будущего года все судебные решения будут публиковаться в интернете. Таким образом все желающие смогут в свободном доступе ознакомиться с данной информацией. Напомним, практика размещения решений арбитражного суда применяется уже в течение нескольких лет.

Как пояснил министр юстиции Александр Коновалов, речь идет о реализации закона “Об обеспечении доступа к информации о деятельности судов в РФ”. Закон “предусматривает размещение всех судебных решений, естественно, с учетом требований о защите персональных данных, в глобальной сети”, — подчеркнул Коновалов.

Posted in Россия | Leave a Comment »

Russia to Crack Down on Police Corruption

Posted by Info on 27/12/2009

President Dmitri A. Medvedev: “People want members of the police who are morally impeccable to defend them, even more so in a legal sense. They want to trust them. I am confident that we can create such a structure.”

The reputation of the police has been severely tainted in recent months after officers were accused in high-profile crimes involving both violence and corruption. In April, the chief of a Moscow police precinct went on a rampage in a supermarket, killing two people and wounding seven others, officials said. Also Russians have become exasperated by police officers who cite trumped-up infractions and then demand bribes to overlook them.

Mr. Medvedev, a former law professor, has portrayed himself as a modernizer who will tackle what he has termed Russia’s legal nihilism. Since taking office in May 2008, he has proposed many anti-corruption measures, though analysts say little has changed.

Mr. Medvedev has also moved to revamp the leadership of the prison system. This month, he dismissed numerous administrators in response to the death of a lawyer in pretrial detention.

Posted in Russia | Leave a Comment »

Moldovan Government Closes Private TV Channel After 12 Years

Posted by Info on 27/12/2009

Private TV channel “NIT“ was informed by Government on Thursday that contract on renting the premises where this company works for 12 years won’t be prolonged starting with next year, just one week before the contract expires.

This TV channel rents these premises for 10 years and now has modern studious, endowed with advanced equipment, involving substantial investments of the company. The TV channel NIT is operating on Moldovan media market for 12 years, broadcasting in absolute majority of the country’s localities.

The governmental decision follows the multiple declarations made by the activist of the Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova, director of radio station “Vocea Basarabiei“, Veaceslav Ţâbuleac expressing disagreement with the editorial policy of the company.

Posted in Moldova | Leave a Comment »

President’s Pardon Is Not For Political Prisoners In Azerbaijan

Posted by Info on 27/12/2009

Any act of pardon or amnesty should be welcomed from the viewpoint of humanism; however, the President’s pardon has not solved the problem of political prisoners in Azerbaijan. This was stated by Emin Guseinov, Director of the Institute of Reporters’ Freedom and Safety (IRFS), in his comments on the order of the head of Azerbaijan.

He has emphasized that persistent appeals of the international community to release bloggers Emin Milli and Adnan Gadjizade and journalists Einullah Fatullaev and Ganimat Zakhidov, who were recognized by the Amnesty International to be prisoners of conscience, remained unheard.

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На Белорусский Интернет Набрасывают Сеть

Posted by Info on 27/12/2009

Совет министров Белоруссии намерен ратифицировать президентский указ “О мерах по совершенствованию использования национального сегмента глобальной компьютерной сети Интернет”.
В документе идет речь о блокировании сайтов по решению государственных органов, идентификации пользователей Сети, привлечении к ответственности распространителей информации в Интернете, а также государственной регистрации интернет-СМИ.

Эксперты отмечают, что многие формулировки в проекте указа не выдерживают критики. К примеру, один из пунктов запрещает оказание на территории страны любых услуг, в том числе информационных и рекламных, при помощи ресурсов, зарегистрированных в международных доменных зонах.

Posted in Белоруссия | Leave a Comment »

Not All Caucasians Coming To Poland Have Right To Status Of Refugees

Posted by Info on 27/12/2009

Many people who come to Poland from Caucasian republics have no grounds to claim for the status of refugees.

“Having come to Poland, refugees wait for their status. Cases are different, some are considered quickly, but there are situations, when cases need more time for consideration. There are people who live for a year without any status. The point is that frequently such persons have no grounds to claim for the status, since it is awarded only to those who suffer from personal persecution in their country. They can hardly prove that they are persecuted all over Russia. Even if they have problems in Chechnya, not necessarily they will be persecuted all over Russia.”

“Besides, the majority of refugees just want to reunite with their families living in Western Europe. They just go to their relatives in Austria, France, Norway and Germany. It’s understandable; moreover, it’s much easier to find job in Western Europe, and social benefits provided, even if they live in refugees’ camps are much higher than in Poland, where it’s just a subsistence level. This may be the main reason why refugees leave Poland.”

Posted in others, Poland, Russia | Leave a Comment »

YouTube and LiveJournal Are Blocked In Turkmenistan

Posted by Info on 26/12/2009

Turkmentelecom, the only Internet-provider, updated and expanded the list of websites, blocked for local users. From now on, the ordinary Turkmen web users are not able to visit Youtube. In the last 6 months it was hard but still possible to visit this popular resource. Another famous LiveJournal service for bloggers was also blocked.

Besides websites, unwanted by the government, Turkmentelecom also blocked some Internet connection channels; therefore, some foreign companies, owning corporate networks, cannot access them.

Moreover many private users, owning web resources (websites, email and other), hosted outside the republic, have troubles accessing them.

Posted in Turkmenistan | Leave a Comment »