Human Rights Issues in Eurasia / Правовые Вопросы В Регионах Евразии

Archive for December 11th, 2009

Policeman Gets ONLY Two Years For Killing Opposition Journalist

Posted by Info on 11/12/2009

A former policeman who shot dead the founder of an Ingush opposition website has been sentenced to two years in a penal colony for involuntary manslaughter.

The incident took place at the end of August last year, when Magomed Evloev was detained by policemen at an airport in the Republic of Ingushetia in the North Caucasus. It was originally reported that Evloev failed to cooperate and the confrontation eventually turned into a physical struggle. Evloev was shot in the head by the policemen Ibragim Evloev.

Ibragim Evloev will now spend the next two years in a penal colony, known for its tolerant living conditions. The victim’s family and colleagues have expressed anger at the sentence, with the former planning to file an appeal.

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Tajikistan: 56 Citizens Detained During Prayer In Mosque Brought To Trial

Posted by Info on 11/12/2009

The members of Tablighi Jamaat Islamic group =  56 citizens of Tajikistan were detained during the prayer in one of the mosques of the capital city and are brought to trail in Dushanbe.

The case is being considered  in pretrial detention center, where they spent almost one year. The authorities took additional security measures. Neither relatives nor journalists were allowed in the court sessions. Moreover, the mass media were requested to free the territory nearby the city jail while the communication with the relatives of suspects was prohibited.

According to the Supreme Court information center, the suspects are accused of organization and participation in the prohibited extremist groups. The law enforcement bodies believe that the arrested people are the members of Tablighi Jamaat Islamic movement, based in India. Its members run their missionary activities in the mosques.

The dozens of religious parties and movements are illegal in Tajikistan. In the opinion of Tajik theologian Khodja Akbar Turadjonzoda, the authorities often times exaggerate the significance of small and little Islamic groups in order to strengthen their positions.

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Belarusian Minister: “Obligatory Fingerprinting Would Prevent Unlawful Acts”

Posted by Info on 11/12/2009

It is to happen under the law newly adopted. “Amendments to the law “On state fingerprint registration” envisages increasing the circle of persons who are required to be fingerprinted due to persons subject to draft,” stated Interior Minister Anatoly Kulyashou.

This decision would allow “considerably increase of law-enforcement agencies’ effectiveness in the sphere of social security prosecution”. Besides  by introducing obligatory fingerprinting, “we also have preventive aims”. “The fact that a person knows his fingerprint information is in the database would be an important factor which would prevent unlawful acts, the minister said.

At present military enlistment offices and interior affairs agencies carry out voluntary fingerprinting of male persons subject to draft aged 18-25. “By December 1 this year fingerprinting of more than 1.3 million has been made, which is 61% of the total number of reservists. 22,000 persons refused to pass this procedure,” Kulyashou said.

Mass illegal fingerprinting of male population of Belarus started after the blast on July 4, 2008 in Minsk. Belarusians are required to be fingerprinted under a pretext of a visit to a military enlistment office, or a summons to a police department. The Interior Ministry started to hold fingerprinting of underage in specialised secondary schools.

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Новый Вид Наказания – Домашний Арест / Свобода Лучше Несвободы

Posted by Info on 11/12/2009

Госдума одобрила поправку в статью 53 Уголовного кодекса о преступлениях малой и средней тяжести, в соответствии с которой в России должен появиться новый вид уголовной ответственности – домашний арест. Поправка позволяет судьям назначать наказания в виде ограничений по перемещению, месту работы или обучения.

Kонтролировать исполнение нового вида наказания будет уголовно-исполнительная инспекция по месту жительства осужденного.

Срок ограничений составляет два – четыре года. Если осужденный не выполняет требования законодательства, суд может заменить ограничение свободы ее лишением. Для надзора будут использоваться аудиовизуальные и электронные средства.

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Kyrgyzstan: Crackdown On Radicals Raises Central-Local Government Tension

Posted by Info on 11/12/2009

Despite zero-tolerance outlined in a new law on religion, signed by President Kurmanbek Bakiyev last January, for members of Hizb-ut-Tahrir and other alleged radical groups, some local officials admit they are reluctant to strictly enforce central government policies. The Islamists are their neighbors and  relatives.

The law, for example, imposes stricter rules on registration of mosques and seminaries. .. The law also prohibits private religious tutoring, it bans mosques from admitting children and in February, the Ministry of Education instituted a dress code that effectively proscribed headscarves.

Local officials quickly discovered how unpopular the government’s religious initiatives are, especially in southern regions where religious sentiments run strong. In response to state efforts to impose the dress code, for example, many families stopped sending children to school. Similarly, official attempts to prevent children from attending mosques, control private tutoring and check proselytizing have caused widespread anger.

One  mayor of a town of 20,000 on condition of anonymity to journalists explained that unlike officials in Bishkek, local government employees live among their constituents and are linked through family and ethnic ties.“When I was elected, a lot of people placed their hopes in me. I don’t want to lose the trust of my people. When I take a walk to my office in the morning, I recognize every person on my way. One is a neighbor; another is a former classmate. In a small town like ours, people know each other and help each other.”

The mayor’s assistant said that personal connections and kinship obligations often encourage local officials to go easy on alleged Islamic radicals. Bishkek authorities require local governments to identify and report to security services anyone suspected of having links to Hizb-ut-Tahrir and other radical groups , he said. But local officials prefer to try local solutions aimed at keeping suspected Hizb activists in check, rather than reporting them to the police.

“If someone turns out to be a [Hizb] member, we try to resolve this problem with the help of the mahalla [local neighborhood council]. We rely on pressure from parents, relatives and aksakals [elders] to force these young people to abandon dangerous thoughts. Usually they [Hizb members] listen to us. Seeing a community member go to prison on religious extremism charges “makes everyone in community unhappy.”

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Kazakh President Has Signed Controversial Law On Privacy Protection

Posted by Info on 11/12/2009

The law, which President Nursultan Nazarbaev signed on December 8, prohibits any “unsanctioned interference into an individual’s private life,” including the use or acquisition of any written, audio, or video material related to a person’s private life.

The legislation has led to protests from journalists, opposition politicians, and human rights activists who say the new law is too general and will be used by authorities to curb opposition media and freedom of speech.

Last year, several recorded telephone conversations and transcripts of other discussions between top Kazakh officials were posted on the Internet by Nazarbaev’s former son-in-law, Rakhat Aliev, that suggested political and economic wrongdoing by several government officials. Kazakh authorities said the information had been falsified.  BUT Aliev, who has been living in self-imposed exile in Austria since 2007, said that the recordings are authentic.

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