Human Rights Issues in Eurasia / Правовые Вопросы В Регионах Евразии

Archive for January 31st, 2010

Интерлакен: Будущее Старсбургского Суда И Применение Стандартов ЕСПЧ

Posted by Info on 31/01/2010

Комитет по юридическим вопросам и правам человека: выводы Председателя, г-жи Херты Доблер-Гмелин [Herta Däubler-Gmelin] от 16.12. 2009

… Секретарь Страсбургского суда предоставил нам пугающую статистику
. К концу 2009 года, в Суд поступит почти 57 000 новых жалоб, т.е. произойдет увеличение на 14 %. Что касается эффективности, Суд вынесет решения более чем по 2 000 дел, что составит увеличение более чем на 20 %, по сравнению с 2008 годом. Однако отставание достигло почти 120 000 дел, т.е. каждый месяц остаются не рассмотренными 1 800 жалоб. Показатели по России составят почти 28 %, Турции – 11 %, Украины – 8,6 % и Румынии – 8,3 %. Показатель отставания по этим четырем государствам, взятым вместе, составит, примерно 57 %. Если сюда добавить десять государств, из которых также поступает большое количество жалоб, отставание составит до 77 % (сюда входят Италия, Польша, Грузия, Молдова, Словения и Сербия). В действительности, в 2008 году, 86 % постановлений Суда (от общего количества в 1 543) было вынесено в отношении всего лишь 12 государств.

Более чем половина постановлений было вынесено по повторным жалобам. По оценке Секретаря Суда, приблизительно 20 000 таких дел остаются не рассмотренными Судом. Количество дел, ожидающих решения Комитета Министров в конце 2000 года составило 2 298, в то время как это количество в 2009 году составило 8 614, из которых 80 % связаны с повторными делами.
К этим статистическим данным можно добавить сведения о задержке исполнения (и неисполнения) постановлений Страсбургского Суда.
Национальные парламенты могут и должны обеспечить соответствие законопроектов, существующего законодательства и административной практики стандартам Конвенции и, в частности, «иметь механизмы и процедуры для эффективного парламентского надзора над исполнением постановлений Суда на основе регулярных отчетов, представляемых ответственными министрами». (Решение Ассамблеи 1516 (2006), параграф 22.1).

Есть необходимость в увеличении правомочности и прямого действия выводов Страсбургского Суда во внутригосударственном праве.
Как, например, УКРАИНА: Статья 17 украинского Закона № 3477–IV 2006, которая гласит: «Суды должны применить Конвенцию [ЕСПЧ] и прецедентное право [Страсбургского] Суда как источник права». ….

«Для обеспечения долгосрочной эффективности системы Конвенции, должен быть полностью применим принцип субсидиарности».

Posted in Грузия, Молдова, Россия, Украинa, EU, Poland | Leave a Comment »

Russian Courts Refused To Reconsider Decided Strasbourg Cases – WHY?

Posted by Info on 31/01/2010

Constitutional Court chaired by Valery Zorkin proceeded to the consideration of the trilateral application submitted by the residents of Tambov, Taganrog and Rostov, which may turn into a precedent for the whole of the Russian legal machinery.

The applicants challenge two articles of the Civil Procedure Code (CCP) (Nos 392 and 393) containing the list of grounds under which the previous decision of the court can be cancelled “due to the newly discovered circumstances”. So far, the verdict of the European Court of Human rights (ECHR) cannot serve as such grounds under the CCP.
All the three Russian citizens have already defended their rights in the Strasbourg Court and have won the cases.
However, the local Russian courts have refused to reconsider their cases.

The plenipotentiary representatives were exasperated by the fact that the applicants did not even try to appeal against the decisions of the city and district courts in the Supreme Court, but applied directly to Strasbourg. At the same time the ECHR has never called in question the decision of the North Caucasus District Court – it never even studied it.

The representative of the Federation Council in the Constitutional Court Ms Yelena Vinogradova noted,
We need an intrastate legal act on the application of international conventions norms.” However, none of the plenipotentiary representatives wanted to break the judicial supervision system effective in Russia. They are afraid, that such being the case, the flow of applications from Russia to Strasbourg will never stop, since instead of lodging appeals in the higher courts, the citizens will automatically submit their applications to the ECHR.

Posted in EU, Russia | Leave a Comment »

Ordinary Russians Arm Themselves For Protection – Fighting Police Violence

Posted by Info on 31/01/2010

There are some five million gun owners in Russia with nearly half a million in Moscow alone and that number is rising.
One of the reasons behind the increase is the police. Corruption, poor crime detection and, especially, a spate of recent crimes involving police officers have heavily damaged public trust in law enforcement.

Under Russian law, ordinary citizens can obtain permits to own two types of weapons: those for hunting – including shotguns and rifles – and guns firing rubber bullets for personal protection only.

Alla Glinchikova, from the Institute of Globalization and Social Movements, says that expanding gun ownership threatens to legitimize criminality and spread violence.
[Gun ownership] will not solve the problem of protection against police. The problem should be solved by curing the ill of the state, and police are part of the state.”

While Tim Wall, editor in chief of the Moscow News, says community involvement should be an integral part of fighting police violence.

Posted in Russia | Leave a Comment »

Editor Detained On Charges Of Publishing Paid-For Articles – Is It Bribery?

Posted by Info on 31/01/2010

A group of OMON special police forces this week raided the office of an regional newspaper known for its criticism of local leaders.
What is unprecedented, however, is the subsequent arrest of the newspaper’s top managers and the nature of the accusations against them. The editor in chief and the two founders of the “Ivanovo-press” weekly in central Russia were detained on charges of publishing paid-for articles.

“Zakazukha,” the practice of accepting payment to publish articles, is common practice among Russian journalists, and a routine way for local image-makers to slip slavish praise or damning claims about a person or product into the press.

But although Russia singles out this type of bribery for punishment — Article 204 of the Criminal Code prohibits “commercial graft by an organized group with preliminary agreement” — this is the first time in the country’s post-Soviet history that it has been used against the media.

Investigators claim the newspaper was paid up to $14,000 per commissioned article. It is not clear how many such articles the paper is accused of accepting, or what their subject matter was. But the three defendants are each facing the possibility of stiff punishment — up to four years in prison — if found guilty.

Posted in Russia | Leave a Comment »

Sister of Anna Politkovskaya Tells Why Journalism Cost Her Her Life

Posted by Info on 31/01/2010

Some of her best stories have now been collected into a new book, Nothing But the Truth: Selected Dispatches, which includes her award-winning accounts of the Chechen conflicts, the Moscow theatre siege siege of 2002, during which she was invited by the terrorists to act as a negotiator, and her encounters and interviews with world leaders including Tony Blair and George W. Bush.

The sister of Anna Politkovskaya, Elena Kudimova from her London apartment:

She was just completely shocked when she first went to Chechnya, because you didn’t expect to see such hardships of war in our country. Most of the newspapers in Russia didn’t want to tell what was happening there to the full extent, because they were mainly state-owned and the state didn’t want it out — that’s why Anna was determined to keep covering it.

“It did affect her deeply. I think it had an effect on her character in the end. I think she became more gloomy because she was investigating too many difficult cases, most of them were about deaths or disappearances of people, not very pleasant stuff.”

“She was so persistent because she felt she only had power as a journalist, and the authorities had to deal with it if she wrote it. So there were people who didn’t like her writing about it. The Russian special police forces threatened to kill her and sent letters to her and her editor, because she was writing about what they were doing in Chechnya, which was extremely cruel.”

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Тысячи людей требовали отставки Путина в Калининграде

Posted by Info on 31/01/2010

Не менее 7 тысяч человек собралось в Калининграде в субботу на митинг с требованиями отставки премьер-министра России Владимира Путина, протестуя против экономической политики правительства, в том числе планов повышения транспортного налога и коммунальных тарифов.

Митинг был организован необычно широкой коалицией политических сил – от коммунистов и ЛДПР, которые представлены в парламенте и в последние годы были весьма осторожны в критике в адрес Кремля, до различных групп раздробленной либеральной оппозиции.

Posted in Россия | Leave a Comment »