Human Rights Issues in Eurasia / Правовые Вопросы В Регионах Евразии

Archive for March, 2010

Suicide Bomber Dressed As Policeman In Russia’s Dagestan

Posted by Info on 31/03/2010

A suicide bomber dressed as policeman is responsible for one of the blasts in Russia’s North Caucasus republic of Dagestan.

At least nine people including the local police chief were killed and six others were injured in two explosions in the town of Kizlyar on Wednesday morning. The blast occurred in a parking lot near a school.
The suicide bomber struck as a team of investigators was working at the scene of the first explosion.

SOME HISTORY: The North Caucasus region is the part of Russia that slopes up towards the main ridge of the Caucasus mountains, often considered the border between Europe and Asia. It is home to dozens of nationalities and languages, many of which have troubled relationships with their neighbours or with central governments in Moscow or Tbilisi.

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Georgia: Guantanamo Prisoners Pose NO Threat

Posted by Info on 30/03/2010

The Georgian government made the decision to accept several detainees as part of the strategic partnership with the United States. Three people is not any threat for the Georgian state.
One senior Ministry of Internal Affairs official underlined that the trio will live “normal lives” in their host country.

A special group of ministry representatives traveled to the Guantanamo prison in December 2009 to interview possible detainees for relocation. The Georgian government was satisfied that the men are not dangerous, although wanted to confirm that they were not “psychologically damaged.”
The men have already contacted their families, and are free to bring them to Georgia if they wish.

That it is often in the men’s best interests not to be identified. Family members at home could face retribution.
Another concern is the reaction in the host country.
The men are currently housed in Tbilisi and have been provided with language tutors to help them learn Georgian.
The Georgian government is not paying for the men’s accommodations or needs.

So far, however, ordinary Georgians, long used to riding the waves of larger powers’ foreign policies, appear to have responded to the trio’s arrival with equanimity.
The three men have, in fact, already contributed to the country’s rich culture of self-deprecating jokes.

A cartoon published on March 29 by the weekly newspaper Kviris Palitra illustrated their reaction to being transferred to Georgia, a country still struggling to recover from the 2008 war with Russia and years of economic decline.

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Shahidi or Black Widows = Women As Suicide Bombers – “Blood Revenge”

Posted by Info on 30/03/2010

Chechen terrorist groups have regularly recruited women to act as suicide bombersthe Black Widows.

These women are willing, even eager, to become martyrs, often driven by a desire for revenge on Russia after witnessing the deaths of children, husbands or other relatives in the two Chechen wars of the Nineties.

The principle of “BLOOD REVENGE” is extremely strong among ethnic groups in the North Caucasus and surviving family members often see it as a duty to avenge the killing of relatives.

Another cases knowed of women blackmailed and indoctrinated into taking part in attacks because they have run up unpayable debts or been raped and told they are disgraced in the eyes of Chechnya’s highly conservative society.

The Black Widows draw their name from the full-length black dress that many have worn at terrorist attacks, around which they wear belts packed with explosives and shrapnel. Nineteen of the 41 terrorists who took 700 hostages in 2002 siege at Moscow’s Dubrovka theatre were Black Widows.

Two Black Widows were also among the terrorists involved at Beslan’s School Number One in 2004, when 344 people died including 186 children. Reports at the time suggested at least one of the women expressed doubts and was blown up by a male accomplice. .

They strike particular fear among Russians, who find it hard to conceive the depths of hatred towards them because of sanitised media coverage of the Kremlin’s military campaign in Chechnya.

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Female Suicide Bomber In Moscow Subway – Two Blasts – 35 Dead

Posted by Info on 29/03/2010

On Monday morning, two blasts rocked Lubyanka and Park Kultury subway stations in the center of Moscow during the rush hour just after 8:00 a.m. At least 37 were killed and 25 injured in the blast.

The bomber who carried out a terrorist attack in the Moscow subway’s Park Kultury station was a female suicide bomber, a police source said.
“According to preliminary information, an explosive device equivalent to 500 grams to 2 kg of TNT was detonated,” the source said adding that the bomb was detonated at a 100-120 centimeters height, at approximately chest level.

This morning’s Moscow metro bombing follows attacks in which hundreds have been killed
27 Nov 2009 – A bomb blast derails the Nevsky Express with about 700 people on board. At least 26 people are killed and 100 injured.
17 Aug 2009 – A suicide bomber drives a truck into the gates of the main police station in Nazran, the largest city in Ingushetia, killing 20 people and wounding 138 others.
1-3 Sept 2004 – 331 hostages – half of them children – die in collapsing of school, after it is seized by rebels demanding Chechen independence.
24 Aug 2004 – Two Russian passenger planes are blown up almost simultaneously, killing 90 people. One Tu-134, flying to Volgograd, goes down south of Moscow. Moments later a Tu-154 bound for Sochi crashes near Rostov-on-Don.
22 June 2004 – Rebels seize an interior ministry building in Ingushetia, near Chechnya, and attack other locations. At least 92 people are killed including the acting regional interior minister, Abukar Kostoyev.
6 Feb 2004 – A suicide bombing kills at least 39 people and wounds more than 100 on an underground train in Moscow.
5 Dec 2003 – An explosion tears through a morning commuter train just outside Yessentuki station in Russia’s southern fringe. Forty-six people are killed and 160 injured.

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Chechnya: International Delegations “Under Influence Of Local Leaders” ?

Posted by Info on 29/03/2010

A PACE parliamentary delegation, headed by Dick Marti, Rapporteur for Northern Caucasus paid a one-day visit to Chechnya to get acquainted with observance of human rights in the republic. He noted positive changes in the republic which he witnessed. I’m for the first time in Northern Caucasus. The locals are unusually hospitable; it’s a blessed land, having everything for living in peace.”

President Ramzan Kadyrov in the course of his meeting with Dick Marti said that Murders of human right activists Natalia Estemirova and Zarema Sadulayeva were committed with the aim to create the opinion in the society that Chechnya is far from order; and people are still kidnapped and murdered here.
This was committed by international terrorists, or those who support them.

In his turn, Mr Marti described to Ramzan Kadyrov the aim of his visit to the republic: to understand the situation and define what the European family can do to help the Chechen people, who had suffered so much.

Leonid Slutskiy, First Vice-President of the State Duma Committee : “Construction scale here is the highest in Russia’s south…. Criminality is almost at a zero level. Certainly, there are problems here. … We want to show you that Chechnya is now a flourishing region of Northern Caucasus.”

People in Chechnya expect no serious results from the visit of the PACE delegation and treat it with enough scepticism. In the last decade Chechnya and Northern Caucasus saw plenty of delegations, from the UN to European levels; however, no positive changes could be seen in the sphere of human rights and fundamental freedoms,… all the international delegations coming to Chechnya get, from the very first minutes of their stay in the territory of the republic, under the influence of local leadersand then leave in full confidence that everything is OK, said the leader of a local NGO.

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Latvian Official Supplied Weapons To Somali Pirates = Supports Terrorism

Posted by Info on 27/03/2010

In 1992, Janis Dibrancs, then-Latvian Ministry of Defense Head of Procurement, decided to make a quick profit by smuggling weapons to Somalia – already under United Nations Embargo. Millions of dollars worth of weapons were delivered to Somali pirates.
Latvia supplied arms to Somalia in violation of a UN Security Council resolution.

“There was no control at all at the ports after the fall of the Soviet Union, and it was possible to carry out such transactions,” weapons exporter Arnolds Liebeks says.
Several shipments of AK-47s, ammunition and rocket launchers were transported from Poland, then loaded on to several boats just outside the main Navy base of Latvia.

In 1994, they were used to kill Ilaria Alpi, a famous Italian journalist, and her cameraman.

Janis Dibrancs was arrested in 1996. Despite pleading guilty in a top secret trial conducted by Latvia’s top prosecutors, Dibrancs was not incarcerated.

Journalist Imants Liepins:“A criminal investigation was initiated, and that’s all. Literally nothing happened. He was released without any charges. Latvia was not yet a member of the NATO block, so it was important to avoid doing anything ‘wrong’.”
Recently trial documents have been recovered by an anonymous group that hacked into top secret government servers.

Russia’s Prosecutor General’s office has called on the UN to create an international court to try Somali pirates (and those who give material support – like Latvia?)The proposed court could be similar to the international tribunals in the Netherlands involving Yugoslavia and Rwanda.“Therefore, the entire responsibility for starting judicial proceedings rests with the state whose ship has seized these pirates.”</em>

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Promised Immunity Andijan Refugee Arrested After Return to Uzbekistan

Posted by Info on 26/03/2010

Abduqodirova and her brother Muhammadjon Muminov fled to Kyrgyzstan in 2005 for fear they would be swept up in the mass arrests that followed violence in May that year, when government troops opened fire on a crowd of protesters, killing and wounding several hundred.

Abduqodirova and Muhammadjon Muminov were able to relocate from Kyrgyzstan to Australia as political refugees, but the Uzbek authorities succeeded in enticing her back with promises of immunity.

“In early 2010, the law enforcement agencies called my sister’s husband and told him that our president [Islam Karimov] had pardoned Dilorom a long time ago. They said that Dilorom was welcome to return home to her family, where besides her husband she has four children; and that no one would touch her or persecute her.
“So she came back to Uzbekistan.”

On March 12, she was arrested and now also faces more charges of “assisting extremists” and “attempting to overthrow the constitutional order”, for which the law prescribes prison terms of 15 to 20 years.
The Uzbek state has provided Abduqodirova with a defence lawyer, who was unavailable for comment as she was away on a business trip. The authorities have refused to allow a different lawyer to be hired.

“The prosecution service said that the investigation was now over and the case would be sent to court without a lawyer,” said Muminov. That means she is going to stand trial with no defence lawyer.

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Uzbekistan: Everybody Needs Exit Visa – Authorization Costs Time And Money

Posted by Info on 26/03/2010

Uzbek citizens are limited in free travel. Every person, willing to go abroad (except for few destinations) must get exit visa, the authorization sticker with only 2 years of validity. This authorization requires time and money.
The laws assume few reasons not to issue such authorization: the official reasons can be the access to state secrets, non-performance of contract liabilities, the verdict of criminal court, military conscription and other.

Moreover the government puts strict control over foreign trips of hospital managers and healthcare ministry workers.
This is the case of violation of article 28, the Constitution of Uzbekistan, saying that the citizen of the Republic of Uzbekistan has a right for free travel within the republic, arrival to and departure from Uzbekistan, except for the cases, set by lawsand article 12 of International Pact on civil and political rights that have the same content.

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Policy For Northern Caucasus – To Use Bayonets That Leads To Victims Only

Posted by Info on 26/03/2010

“Russia has no policy for Northern Caucasus – only an attempt to use bayonets that leads to numerous victims only” said Svetlana Gannushkina, a human rights defender, chair of the committee “Civil Assistance”, a member of the Human Rights Centre (HRC) “Memorial”

“Russia has no policy for Northern Caucasus; there are actions and convulsive moves aimed at preservation, and in some cases – at restoration of the empire, by acting with bayonets only, as the empire did. It results not in success, but in terrible, irreplaceable and unforgivable victims. I think that we have passed behind the non-return point in this respect, and we’ll fail to set up stability.”..

..”life is still dangerous, and everyone who is there is under threat.”

a school mistress told about her son, whose schoolmates went to the mountains. “And every time, when they conduct a special operation there, he is taken away and interrogated, and how they interrogate – it’s clear; and she doesn’t know what to do. The only way out is to remove that guy out of there completely. Since either he joins militants, where they naturally entice him, or just perish at the next interrogation.”

She also reported that in the course of their visit to Chechnya activists of the committee “Civil Assistance” rendered material aid to people, whose houses were burnt down. “It was done to punish them.”

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Russians Towards Western Criticism Over Domestic And Foreign Policies

Posted by Info on 26/03/2010

Attitude of Russians towards Western criticism over Moscow’s domestic and foreign policies in Graphics

1) Should attention be paid to Criticism?
( yes 42%, no 45 %)

2)Why attention to criticism should not be paid?
-West is unfamiliar with Russian life, and they want to teach us – 36%
-West consider Russia the rival and wants to weaken it – 35 %
-West is spiteful over Russia – 22 %
-West is guilty over double standards – 14 %

3) Attitude of the United States being the main critic of Russia
-Aggressor seeking to establish control over all countries 73%

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Georgia: Labourites Demand To Return Guantanamo Bay Prisoners

Posted by Info on 25/03/2010

Yesterday the USA sent three Guantanamo Bay inmates to Georgia. The names do the prisoners are kept secret, the delivery was conducted only after agreement of all security measures by both sides.
The Labour Party of Georgia demands immediate return of all the received Guantanamo bay ex-prisoners to their homeland.

Shota Utiashvili, the Interior Ministry spokesman, said that ex-prisoners, who arrived in the country, are origins from Middle East countries. They “will be free, will live as usual citizens and will be constantly in touch with their families.” Yet they will be prohibited to leave Georgia.

Ekaterina Tkeshelashvili, the National Security Council Secretary, said Tbilisi agreed to accept Guantanamo Bay prisoners to improve relations with Washington.

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Dymovsky: Inquisition At Court/ Coming “Apology” To Putin On You Tube

Posted by Info on 25/03/2010

“I will post an ‘apology’ on YouTube on the Day of Cosmonauts (April 12) to [Interior Minister] Rashid Nurgaliyev and [Russian Prime Minister] Vladimir Putin. But I am afraid they will not like it. Then I will come out with concrete accusations of corruption.” said Alexei Dymovsky, a former Russian police officer who posted two videos on the web calling for a nationwide crackdown on police corruption told another video is on the way.
He was fired shortly after posting his claims, has been charged with fraud and abuse of office, which carries a maximum of 10 years in prison.

“We will fight till the end. What was happening in Novorossiysk’s Primorskiy Court can only be described with the word ‘inquisition.’
I had asked to have a closed session so that I could present secret documents which prove I am right. But Federal Judge Raisa Konstantinova rejected my requests he felt “sorry” he had not posted the videos earlier.

The reputation of the Russian police force has declined dramatically in recent years. In just over 18 months, Russian police officers have been convicted or charged with burning a suspect to death, shooting sprees, a beheading, and rape.

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Human Rights Activists Fined For Demands Of Capital Punishment Abolition

Posted by Info on 25/03/2010

The human rights activists were detained on March 23 in central Minsk in fornt of Lukashneka’s administration. They held a picket against capital punishment in Belarus. They had special T-shirts with blood stains painted on them, and unfurled a poster “No to capital punishment!”
All the detained human rights activists and the journalist were take to the police department.After the reports were drawn up, the human rights activists were sent to prison in Akrestsi Street for a detention until the trial.
The court of Leninski district of Minsk fined human rights activists Ales Byalatski, Valyantsin Stefanovich, Iryna Toustsik and a journalist Syarhei Sys.

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In UK 1st Case Of Sexual Harassment Through Body Scanner

Posted by Info on 24/03/2010

The 25-year-old worker made lewd comments after his colleague Jo Margetson. Margetson told the Sun she had been “traumatized” by what had happened and had informed police and her bosses at the airport’s operator BAA… “a first instance harassment warning has been issued to a 25-year-old man.”

The case is believed to be the first of its kind since the full-body scanners
were rushed into service at a number of British airports in the wake of an attempt by a suspected Muslim extremist to blow up a plane bound for Detroit on Dec. 25.
Britain’s parliamentary Home Affairs Committee said fears about the scanners were misplaced and they should be introduced at a faster pace to deal with the threat of terrorism.

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Judges Accused Ingush President Of Exerting Pressure On Courts

Posted by Info on 24/03/2010

The council of judges has put out a statement saying that president Yevkurov has interfered with the work of the courts, dismissing “unwanted” judges and pressurizing others to pass sentences in his own interests.

The statement, signed by the head of the Ingush Council of Judges, Magomed Daurbekov, was sent to Russian President Dmitry Medvedev and other senior officials.

“We have long been tolerating attacks from the president [Yevkurov], believing that in time he would gain the necessary experience of cooperating with the different governmental structures and would conform to the principle of the separation of powers as laid down in the Russian constitution.”
in the statement.”Having begun with criticism of particular judicial decisions, the president [Yevkurov] has gradually started to groundlessly accuse the entire legal system of corruption and involvement with people engaged in terrorist activities.”

“This feud is further evidence that there is no independent law in our country,” a senior Ingush lawyer said. “The executive branch is used to boss everybody around, so it is trying to line the judges up.

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