EURASIA LIFT

Human Rights Issues in Eurasia / Правовые Вопросы В Регионах Евразии

Archive for March 12th, 2010

Armenian Judiciary Criticized By Democracy Watchdog OSCE

Posted by Info on 12/03/2010

In a long-awaited report, the OSCE’s Office of Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR) concluded that at least some of the trials of the arrested oppositionists were not fair because of a pro-government bias shown by judges.

Also the United States has again criticized the Armenian authorities’ human rights record
, saying that they have continued to stifle dissent, manipulate elections, tolerate police brutality and restrict judicial independence over the past year.

“Authorities restricted the right of citizens to freely change their government in [the May 2009] mayoral elections in Yerevan. During the year authorities subjected citizens, particularly those considered by the government to be political opponents, to arbitrary arrest, detention, and imprisonment for their political activities;..Authorities continued to use harassment … measures to intimidate and retaliate against political opponents. Authorities used force to disperse political demonstrations …”

Ill-treatment of criminal suspects in police custody has long been regarded as the most frequent form of human rights violation in Armenia.
security bodies “regularly” beating and bullying detainees to extract false confessions.

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Uzbek President Said: There Will Be No Oligarchs In Our Country

Posted by Info on 12/03/2010

Some of the wealthiest people in Uzbekistan have reportedly been arrested or detained this week, or are being hunted down by Uzbek authorities. They include the owner of the country’s largest wholesale market, construction magnates, and bankers…

The crackdown appears to have its origins in a speech President Islam Karimov gave in December. According to the website UzMetronom, the president said the authorities would not accept material inequality.There will be no oligarchs in our country. If anyone has yet to understand this, they should bear it in mind.”

Uzbek officials are portraying this campaign as sort of an anticorruption drive in a country that rarely allows its “dirty laundry” to be aired in public, but some sources believe there is more going on than officials are saying.
Bukharbaeva ,journalist who has covered events in Uzbekistan for many years says:”The events are alarming and at the same time closed off [to publicity].Taken together, these rumors and unconfirmed information about a wave of arrests going on among the big businessmen of Uzbekistan shows that no one in Uzbekistan is 100 percent protected.”

Aleskei Volosevich of ferghana.ru says it could simply be that the state needs money.

Posted in Uzbekistan | 1 Comment »

Moldova: New Constitution Against Venice Commission

Posted by Info on 12/03/2010

On 9 March, the four leaders of the current coalition government:Mihai Ghimpu, Marian Lupu, Serafim Urechean and Vladimir Filat , Prime minister announced the decision of the ruling alliance to refuse the development of early parliamentary elections, as provides for by the Constitution, and to initiate the adoption of a new Constitution through referendum.
The leaders of the Alliance also declared that they decided that the current Parliament would operate three years more, even if the constitutional norm provides for its dissolution.

The decision of the Alliance has already raised harsh reactions from the biggest opposition party – PCRM – which, as a sign of protest, since Wednesday, 10 March, would boycott the parliamentary works and initiated a national referendum to give a no confidence vote to the current President of Moldova and the Government. PCRM qualified the actions of the Alliance as ”usurpation of state power”.

Moldovan Premier promised that the draft law on amendments to the Constitution would be mandatory consulted with the Venice Commission.

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Uzbekistan Jailed Political Opponents,routinely tortured prisoners In 09

Posted by Info on 12/03/2010

Uzbekistan jailed political opponents, routinely tortured prisoners and committed other serious rights violations last year, effectively making it Central Asia’s most authoritarian state

In its annual survey of human rights in 194 countries, the U.S. State Department used considerably stronger language to describe abuses in Uzbekistan:
“The government continued to commit serious abuses and authorities restricted political and civil liberties….Law enforcement and security officers routinely beat and otherwise mistreated detainees to obtain confessions or incriminating information.”
“Torture and abuse were common in prisons… Family members reported several deaths in custody of prisoners who were serving sentences on charges related to religious extremism”.

President Islam Karimov, in power for 20 years, tolerates no dissent and public criticism of his rule is taboo.

Over years, Uzbekistan has intensified its campaign against independent media, driving Western outlets out of the country and putting pressure on local reporters. Reuters has been covering Uzbekistan from neighboring Kazakhstan since 2008.

Police and security services subjected print and broadcast journalists to arrest, harassment, intimidation, and violence, as well as to bureaucratic restrictions on their activity.”

Turkmenistan is another country it classified as “authorititarian” but with “modest improvements in some areas”

In Kazakhstan, the region’s top oil producer where the United States is the biggest foreign investor, the report said key problems included severe limits on people’s right to change their government, and restrictions on freedom of speech.

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