Human Rights Issues in Eurasia / Правовые Вопросы В Регионах Евразии

Archive for May 10th, 2010

British Former BBC Journalist Arrested During Revolution In Kyrgyzstan

Posted by Info on 10/05/2010

There is no hope of a fair trial unless there is “more energetic and more assertive action” from the British government.
Vugar Khalilov was arrested on 12 April as a popular uprising swept the government of former president Kurmanbek Bakiyev out of power.
He was charged with “legalisation of illegal funds” . Azer Khalilov said his brother had been named as one of the “enemies of the Kyrygz people who must be brought to punishment” .

Vugar Khalilov, 41, was born in Azerbaijan and then worked in London at the BBC World Service for several years before moving to Bishkek to set up his own public relations company. He has represented Eugene Gourevitch, a US banker who the new administration now accuses of helping Bakiyev funnel away hundreds of millions dollars from the Kyrgyz development fund. Khalilov’s company, Flexi Communications, also designed the website of the ousted president, and represented companies controlled by the President’s family.

Posted in Kyrgyzstan | Leave a Comment »

Chechnya:16.4.National Holiday- End To Russia’s Counter-Terrorist Operations

Posted by Info on 10/05/2010

On 16 April this year, citizens of Chechnya had a new national holiday to mark the one-year anniversary of the official end to Russia’s counter-terrorist operations in that country. There had been high hopes that an end to the decade-long “war on terror” would help to improve human rights there. In reality, as recent tragic events in Moscow demonstrate, conditions continue to deteriorate, not only in Chechnya, but across the entire North Caucasus region.

Chechnya is plagued by a volatile and worsening security situation. Separatist groups still clash intermittently with government forces and Kadyrov’s regime has been accused of pervasive human rights abuses, including torture and killings. This violence has also spread to neighbouring Ingushetia and Dagestan.
There are few investigations into attacks and even fewer prosecutions, leading to a widespread culture of impunity.

Article 19, freedom of expression, has identified a systematic trend of abuses, specifically violations of the right to freedom of expression in the North Caucasus.
Article 19 also notes an increasing trend of legal harassment, which is used to intimidate people who may be critical of the regime.

There is a lawsuit to close Chernovik, a Dagestani weekly newspaper based on charges of extremism brought against several key staff. They are accused of inciting hatred against a so-called “social group” (in this case, the local police) and “justifying terrorism” after a series of articles criticised the police and quoted a militant leader (now deceased).

The United Nations Human Rights Committee in October last year urged the Russian federal government to take immediate steps to protect journalists and human rights defenders. The UN strongly recommended that the Russian authorities ensure effective investigations and implement proper measures to sanction perpetrators of abuse.

Posted in Russia, UN | Leave a Comment »

Belarus:Human Rights Activists Detained For Dissemination Of UN Convention

Posted by Info on 10/05/2010

Human rights activists from Brest Raman Kislyak and Andrei Sharenda were detained for handing out the UN Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance.
The human rights activists distributed printed materials not far from the building of the Prosecutor’s office. At the moment Raman Kislyak and Andrei Sharenda are in a police department.

Posted in Belarus, UN | Leave a Comment »

Russia: How Many Prison Deaths Before Reform? 4 000 Died In 2009!

Posted by Info on 10/05/2010

Russia is undoubtedly in need of prison reform. Sergeyev, of the Moscow Centre for Prison Reform agreed:
The whole law enforcement system, including the Prosecutor General’s Office [is] a single community, one circle,” he said. “So in order to really reform, it is necessary to separate the interaction and links between these structures. […] But this isn’t possible in Russia – the mentality of Russians is that they approach the workplace like their own home.”

On April 30 Vera Trifonova, the director of a real estate company, died of heart failure in the poorly equipped medical ward of Moscow’s Matrosskaya Tishina pre-trial detention centre. Vladimir Zherebenkov, her lawyer, claims that medical treatment was held back as leverage to make his client confess.
Trifonova, a wheelchair-bound diabetic, had been in custody since December, charged with selling a seat in parliament. After repeated requests for medical treatment, she was finally admitted to a Moscow city hospital, where her condition stabilised – but she was returned forthwith to the detention centre, where an appeal for bail on medical grounds was denied and her detention extended.

Sergei Magnitsky, a lawyer for the Hermitage Capital investment fund, was held on charges of tax fraud for 11 months. When he died last November, it was after repeated requests for medical treatment went unanswered. Not a single investigator or police officer responsible for Sergei’s death has been implicated even six months after his death.

Vasily Aleksanyan, a former Yukos vice-president, was arrested in April 2006 and denied medical treatment in prison despite having been diagnosed with HIV/AIDS. Two and a half years later, and only days before the European Court for Human Rights itself made demands, Alexsanyan was released on bail for treatment.

Svetlana Bakhmina, a Yukos lawyer, was denied parole after becoming pregnant in jail and only released in April 2009 after Medvedev himself intervened when a petition was signed by 90,000 people.

Last month Valery Kulish, who is serving a 12-year sentence in a Moscow jail, appealed to viewers in a video posted on YouTube, in which he compares his plight to Magnitsky’s.

The Penal Reform International (PRI) estimates that around 4,000 died in Russia’s 1,135 penitentiary centres overall last year. After Magnitsky’s death, Alexander Raimet, the head of the Federal Prison Service, said that 386 people had died in pre-trial detention in the first 11 months of 2009.

Posted in EU, Russia, UN | Leave a Comment »

РФ Призывает К Созданию Трибунала Для Борьбы С Пиратами

Posted by Info on 10/05/2010

Россия призывает к более решительным мерам по борьбе с пиратами и созданию международного трибунала для преследования такого рода преступников.

Судно с 23 россиянами на борту было освобождено от пиратов в четверг российским военным кораблем в этом регионе. Самих же пиратов, которые были задержаны, пришлось отпустить, поскольку международное право не дает возможности их судебного преследования.

По данным Лякина-Фролова, в настоящее время у берегов Сомали патрулируют 35 военных кораблей из 16 стран мира, но ситуация не улучшается.
“В этой связи требуется принятие действенных и безотлагательных мер со стороны международного сообщества”.

Posted in Россия, OOH, others | Leave a Comment »

РФ Рассмотрит Законопроект О Наделении ФСБ Правом На Цензуру

Posted by Info on 10/05/2010

В письме на имя президента Медведева WAN-IFRA и WEF призвали российского лидера отклонить этот законопроект, заявив, что он позволит сажать журналистов в тюрьму просто за исполнение ими своих законных профессиональных обязанностей.

«Предлагаемый законопроект является последней из серии мер, ограничивающих независимость журналистики; эти меры были приняты вслед за изменениями, внесенными в законы об экстремизме в 2006 и 2007 годах, в соответствии с которыми определение экстремизма было расширено и включило в себя критику в адрес властей», – говорится в письме.

По новому законодательству, поступившему на рассмотрение Государственной Думы РФ 24 апреля, ФСБ получит полномочия осуществлять цензуру статей, воспринимаемых, как написанные в «поддержку экстремистов» и «нежелательные». Предполагаемое наказание для журналистов и редакторов, неподчиняющихся нововведениям: от взыскания штрафа в размере до 50 тысяч рублей до тюремного заключения сроком до 15 суток.

Posted in Россия | Leave a Comment »

Moldovan Have Still Difficulties To Understand What Venice Commission Means

Posted by Info on 10/05/2010

Regardless of the formulas and bills with amendments to the constitutional article 78, which are based on a number of political decisions, the present Constitution must constitute the basis. The President of the Venice Commission Gianni Buquicchio transmitted such a message in a meeting with the Moldovan delegation held in Strasbourg on May 5.

“Moldova will take into account these recommendations. The Venice Commission is an authority in the Council of Europe and its support is very important to us,”Minister of Justice Alexandru Tanase said. The Moldovan delegation consists also of Acting President Mihai Ghimpu ..

Posted in EU, Moldova | Leave a Comment »