Human Rights Issues in Eurasia / Правовые Вопросы В Регионах Евразии

Archive for June, 2010

Suicide Bomber Injured 5 Police Officers In Capital Of Chechnya

Posted by Info on 30/06/2010

An explosion set off on Wednesday by a suicide bomber injured at least five police officers in Grozny when the 22-year-old terrorist approached a police vehicle parked near a concert hall. Chechen President Ramzan Kadyrov was reportedly in the building at the time of the explosion.

Sporadic terrorist attacks and militant clashes are common in Russia’s southern mainly Muslim republics in the North Caucasus, especially Chechnya, Dagestan and Ingushetia.

Russia has been fighting militants in the North Caucasus for over a decade, including two separatist wars in Chechnya.

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Uzbek Refugees Pressured to Return to Kyrgyzstan

Posted by Info on 30/06/2010

Some 300 returnees are staying near the Kyrgyz-Uzbek border in VLKSM – a village named after a Soviet-era collective farm – in makeshift camps, or with relatives. Ranohon Abdugafurova asserted that she felt coerced by Uzbek authorities to leave her refugee camp.

“[Uzbek officials] told us that we had to leave because [Interim President] Roza Otunbayeva assured [Uzbek] President [Islam] Karimov that it was safe for us to return,” Abdugafurova said. She added that Uzbek officials told refugees it was important for them to participate in the referendum.
“We were told that Kyrgyzstan was our country and that we had to participate in the referendum.”
The referendum approved a new constitution and confirmed Otunbayeva as provisional president.

Other refugees chose to return voluntarily, mainly out of concern about what would happen to the property they had left behind. “We heard that some Kyrgyz people are taking over our houses in Osh in our absence,” one returnee – guarding the fire-ravaged shell of his house in Osh – said, speaking on condition of anonymity.

Many returning refugees are facing daunting challenges as they try to rebuild their lives. According to some estimates, more than 1,800 houses were either destroyed or damaged during the unrest.

Posted in Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan | Leave a Comment »

Туркмения – Единственная Страна, Где Нет Международных НПО

Posted by Info on 30/06/2010

Европейцы ничего не знают о Туркмении, к такому неутешительному выводу пришел французский исследователь.
“Туркменистан – единственная страна в мире, где нет ни одной международной неправительственной организации”

Даже в Северной Корее есть несколько представительств зарубежных НПО, говорит Жан Вильмер. Но в Туркмении с приходом к власти Гурбангулы Бердымухамедова, все, что касается прав человека или гражданского общества, к сожалению, не претерпело никаких изменений. “Я разговаривал с представителями нескольких международных правозащитных организаций, наблюдающих за ситуацией в Туркменистане,… стало даже хуже, особенно для неправительственных организаций”. Все туркменское гражданское общество, говорит исследователь, это 90 местных общественных организаций на страну с пятимилионным населением.

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Милиционерам Запретят Критиковать Начальство

Posted by Info on 30/06/2010

Госдума рассмотрит законопроект, запрещающий милиционерам выступать с открытой критикой собственных начальников, а также высказываться о деятельности чиновников и госорганов. Tакие меры предусмотрены поправками к действующему законодательству, которые будут рассмотрены профильным комитетом парламента 1 июля.

Предполагается, что поправки будут внесены в закон “О милиции”, а также Уголовный и Уголовно-процессуальный кодексы. Автор части инициатив депутат от “Единой России” Алексей Розуван объяснил необходимость запрета на критику начальства, проведя аналогии с “Законом о государственной службе”, предусматривающим подобные ограничения на публичные высказывания.

Кроме того, поправки вводят наказание за небрежное хранение оружия.

Поправки также дадут милицейским начальникам возможность отдавать приказы подчиненным не только в письменной или устной форме, но и с применением технических средств. Какие именно средства имеются в виду, в проекте не уточняется.

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Moscow Metro Gets First Chemical Anti-Terrorist Sensors

Posted by Info on 29/06/2010

Commuters using Belorusskaya’s circle line station in Moscow will be the first to get themselves scanned by a new detectors designed to pick up traces of explosives or poisons as the capital steps up its anti-terror efforts. The scanners had already been installed and were being tested.

At the station there are already working sensors for chlorine, carbon dioxide, chemical warfare agents and radiation.
Central safety control: The plan means that anyone bringing TNT onto the station will be detected immediately. That information will go to a control centre which can make an instant decision about how to respond.:

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10 Illegal Russian Agents In NY -= “The Tip Of The Iceberg”

Posted by Info on 29/06/2010

On Monday in federal court in Manhattan, Assistant U.S. Attorney Michael Farbiarz called the allegations “the tip of the iceberg” of a conspiracy of Russia’s intelligence service.

Each of the 10 was charged with conspiracy to act as an agent of a foreign government without notifying the U.S. attorney general, which carries a maximum penalty of five years in prison upon conviction. Nine of the defendants were charged with conspiracy to commit money laundering, which carries a maximum 20 years in prison upon conviction.

The FBI said it intercepted a message from SVR’s headquarters, Moscow Center, to two of the 10 defendants describing their main mission as “to search and develop ties in policymaking circles in US.”
Intercepted messages showed they were asked to learn about a wide range of topics, including nuclear weapons, U.S. arms control positions, Iran, White House rumors, CIA leadership turnover, the last presidential election, Congress and the political parties, prosecutors said..

The agents sometimes worked in pairs and pretended to be married so they could blend into American society as the couple next door. Aside from fake identities, they used Cold War spycraft — invisible ink, coded radio transmissions, encrypted data — to avoid detection.

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Why Medvedev Unexpectedly Criticized Kyrgyz Government Reform Vote

Posted by Info on 29/06/2010

The referendum passed Sunday with 91 percent of voters backing the government’s reform plan.

International observers, led by the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, praised the polling. Others in the international community have expressed hope that the referendum, to be followed by parliamentary elections in October, would help Kyrgyzstan recover and rebuild after devastating ethnic riots killed around 2,000 people and displaced hundreds of thousands in the country’s volatile south earlier this month.

At the G-20 meeting in Toronto, President Dmitry Medvedev poured cold water on the referendum’s goal of changing Kyrgyzstan’s Constitution from a president-dominated system into one in which a popularly-elected parliament holds the big share of power. He also warned that the tiny central Asian country faced the “threat of breaking up” and being overrun by “extremists.”

Posted in Kyrgyzstan, Russia | Leave a Comment »

FSB Wants to Shut Down Sites at Will

Posted by Info on 28/06/2010

Prosecutors may get to shut down web sites over extremism charges for an unlimited time if the State Duma passes new legislation drafted by the Federal Security Service.

Internet service providers will be obliged to shut down web sites within three days upon receiving a “motivated letter” from prosecutors, according to the draft.

Sites will be able to return online only after a court rules that they did not violate anti-extremism laws. Even if a web site wins its case, it may be kept offline for up to a month from the day it was suspended.

The FSB legislation is to be a part of a raft of amendments to the 1995 information law that is being prepared by the Communications and Press Ministry.

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Kyrgyz Referendum ‘Backs Constitutional Change Plan’- Medvedev Not Happy

Posted by Info on 28/06/2010

Voters in Kyrgyzstan have given clear approval to a new constitution giving parliament more power.
With nearly all the votes counted, the election commission said 90% of voters were in favour of the plan to limit the president’s powers.
Russian President Dmitry Medvedev said he feared the move could fuel extremism.

Interim leader Roza Otunbayeva called the vote historic, saying the Central Asian nation was now on the path “to a true government of the people”.A US State Department spokesman welcomed the orderly vote and said the US hoped it constituted “an effective step towards stable, democratic governance”.

But speaking to reporters at the G20 summit in Canada, Mr Medvedev said adopting a parliamentary constitution could fuel extremism in Kyrgyzstan.

Posted in Kyrgyzstan, others, Russia, UN | Leave a Comment »

Three Guantanamo Detainees In Slovakia Reported To Be On A Hunger-Strike

Posted by Info on 26/06/2010

Slovak authorities are currently deciding on what legal status the three detainees will be granted.

Three former detainees from Guantanamo Bay (Gitmo) who were transferred to Slovakia on January 25 are on a hunger strike, Branislav Tichý, the director of Amnesty International Slovensko said the three are protesting bad conditions and the treatment they are receiving from Slovak authorities in a detention facility Tichý described their living conditions as poor – having only beds and a sink at their disposal and being allowed to leave their rooms for only an hour per day.

The three, who arrived in Slovakia in January, are frustrated because they are isolated under “condition similar to Guantanamo” in the camp for foreigners in western Slovakia.

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Belarus: Participants Of Meeting For Free Internet Sent To Prison

Posted by Info on 26/06/2010

On June 23 the riot militia dispersed a peaceful meeting on Minsk against decree #60 On Measures Improve the Use of the National Segment of Interment coming into force on July 1. The decree is worked out to tighten control of the Belarusian authorities over the Internet in the country.

Nine participants of the meeting for free Internet and against decree #60 spent the night in prison and then stood trial.
The people gathered in Freedom Square holding shits of paper with the text “Freedom to Internet” in hands. The participants wore T-shirts depicting the text “Decree 60” crossed in a red circle and an inscription “Freedom to Internet”. The young people stayed on the square for three minutes, then officers of special purpose militia regiment came and detained them. The activists were taken to the Tsentralny district militia department on a militia car.

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UN Warns Security Council- Ethnic Tensions Remain High In Kyrgyzstan

Posted by Info on 25/06/2010

Ethnic tensions and rumours of impending violence persist in Kyrgyzstan, and refugees and displaced persons who have started to return home after the deadly clashes earlier this month must be given a guarantee of safety, a senior United Nations official told the Security Council today.

Assistant Secretary-General for Political Affairs Oscar Fernandez-Taranco gave a closed-door briefing to Council members in which he said it was vital to avoid provocations that might re-ignite the violence between ethnic Kyrgyz and Uzbeks that erupted in the cities of Osh and Jalalabad and other towns.

At least 300,000 people became internally displaced following the violence, while nearly 100,000 others fled into neighbouring Uzbekistan. The Kyrgyz health ministry recorded a death toll of almost 200 but some senior officials in the country’s interim Government said the number of casualties could be much higher.

Posted in Kyrgyzstan, UN, Uzbekistan | Leave a Comment »

Пытки Остаются Пороком Пенитенциарной Системы В России

Posted by Info on 25/06/2010

Правозащитники отмечают, что случаев истязания людей в последние годы стало меньше, но методы стали изощреннее.

Большинство дел связано с жестокостью сотрудников милиции. Людей били при задержании или в РОВД еще до предъявления обвинения. Сломанная рука журналиста Газеты.ру Александра Артемьева является наглядным примером….. Подобные действия квалифицируется в Уголовном кодексе как превышение должностных полномочий.

Пытки – это несколько другое. Как записано в том же Уголовном Кодексе, “пы́тка – целенаправленное причинение мучений (как физических, так и психических) с целью получения информации либо с целью наказания”.
Анализ, проведенный правозащитниками, показал, что лишь единичные случаи подпадают под это определение. Но методы истязания, которые применяют в российских СИЗО и тюрьмах, поражают своей изощренностью и жестокостью.

Генеральный директор “Мемориал” рассказала, что ей известны случаи, когда заключенных и подследственных пытали громкой музыкой, которая не смолкала в камере ни днем, ни ночью, людей лишали сна, заставляли стоять на коленях на бетонном полу, натравливали на них собак.
Зафиксирован случай, когда подследственному удалили аппендикс без наркоза, после чего угрожали продолжить хирургические манипуляции с удалением органов, если тот не даст против себя показания.

Фамилии большинства людей, подвергшихся пыткам, не разглашаются, поскольку дела по их обращениям еще не закрыты. Кроме того, они находятся в заключении, где за ними наблюдают, как правило, те же лица, которые подозреваются в применении пыток.

Проблема еще и в том, что по жалобам на применение пыток, как метода получения признательных показаний, также как и на жестокое обращение со стороны сотрудников милиции, расследование фактически не проводится.

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Nobel Prize Winner Campaigns To Release Khodorkovsky

Posted by Info on 25/06/2010

Nobel Prize winner, author and Holocaust survivor Elie Wiesel, has begun a global campaign in a bid to free jailed Russian oil magnate Mikhail Khodorkovsky.
Wiesel invited 30 well-known and respected Americans, including two former national security advisers and experts on Russia, law, human rights and media, to discuss how to pressure Russian President Dmitry Medvedev and Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin intto releasing Khodorkovsky.

“This is a meeting to help Khodorkovsky for he’s a political prisoner,” He is not legally convicted.”

Khodorkovsky is already serving an eight-year sentence for fraud and tax evasion. He is now accused of stealing $9.6 billion from the $15.8 billion profit generated by Yukos between 1999 and 2003, as well as 350 million tons of oil.
Former Prime Minister Mikhail Kasyanov said in May that the new charges against Khodorkovsky were ludicrous and politically motivated.

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Russia Plans To Classify Counter-Terrorism Information

Posted by Info on 24/06/2010

The Russian government has introduced a draft bill expanding the list of national security information.
The draft bill proposes classifying as secret economic, scientific and technical information to protect critically important objects and potentially dangerous objects within Russia’s infrastructure and to protect information on financing counter-terrorism activities, as well as information on sources, methods, and plans of counter-terrorist activities.

The Russian Federal Security Service (FSB) would offer monetary rewards to people who pass on information about suspected terrorist activity as a part of a wider FSB policy to increase counter-terrorism measures in Russia.

In April, a bill that allows “preventive measures” against individuals committing extremist activities was submitted to the Russian parliament, fueling fears among opposition parties of a revival of Soviet-era practices.

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