EURASIA LIFT

Human Rights Issues in Eurasia / Правовые Вопросы В Регионах Евразии

Archive for July, 2010

Kremlin Human Rights Advisor Quits Amidst Retrograde Rights Climate

Posted by Info on 31/07/2010

Ella Pamfilova, chairman of Russia’s presidential council on human rights resigned Friday in a move widely seen as a protest against the deteriorating rights situation in Russia.

Pamfilova, who chaired President Dmitry Medvedev’s council on human rights, oversaw the development of civil society, resigned amidst heavy fire from the Nashi nationalist youth group, as well as strong disagreement with Medvedev’s human rights policies.

The day before Pamfilova’s resignation, Medvedev signed legislation to strengthen the FSB, the KGB’s secret-service successor – a move Pamfilova’s council deemed the “rebirth of the unlawful and worst practices of a totalitarian state, with the goal of seeding fear and mistrust in the people.”

Pamfilova, it seems, saw no way to continue working for the Kremlin, which lends its full moral support to the Nashi youth group.
“As chairman of the council, unfortunately I do not know what to do about this, apart from speak out and say that this is an outrage. If these cynical guys who don’t care about anything, allow themselves anything, persecute people, because they know that adult men in high positions protect them, then that is terrible for the country.”

Human rights groups have expressed their deep regret at Pamfilova’s departure.

Posted in Russia | Leave a Comment »

Exposing British Complicity In Torture In UK Courts -Uzbekistan Confirms

Posted by Info on 31/07/2010

The Law Lords on thin ice. In seeking to justify its passive receipt — and its active solicitation — of torture-derived information, and its assertion that such material may be used operationally.

Human Rights Watch: France, Germany and the United Kingdom — pillars of the European Union and important allies in the fight against terrorism — demonstrate, through policy statements and practice, a willingness (even eagerness) to cooperate with foreign intelligence services in countries like Uzbekistan and Pakistan — notorious for abusive practices, both in general and against terrorism suspects in particular. They then use foreign torture information for intelligence and policing purposes … and, in some cases … [i]nformation tainted by torture abroad can end up as part of legal proceedings.

Dick Marty, a Swiss senator and a member of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, led an investigation into secret detention and rendition published two reports in June 2006 and June 2007, in which he concluded that there was “now enough evidence to state that secret detention facilities run by the CIA [existed] in Europe from 2003 to 2005, in particular in Poland and Romania,”.

In February 2010, the UN published a report was prepared by Manfred Nowak, the Special Rapporteur on torture … The report concluded that at least 40 countries, including the UK, Germany, Canada, Australia and Italy, were “complicit in the secret detention” of prisoners seized in the “War on Terror.”

Human Rights Watch to state that “[t]he complicity of UK agents in individual cases of abuse sends a damaging message to Pakistan and Uzbekistan that torture is acceptable in the context of interrogating terrorism suspects”…

The problem with the ruling is in the UK Lords’ inability to realize that they had failed to ensure that the use of torture is prevented at all times — lay with the notion that “the passive receipt and use of intelligence from countries with poor records on torture is in any way acceptable”
The Commons Foreign Affairs Committee focused in particular on claims made by Craig Murray, the former ambassador to Uzbekistan, who has stated (para. 14) that, when he informed his superiors that

“THE UK ROUTINELY AND KNOWINGLY ACCEPTED INFORMATION OBTAINED UNDER TORTURE BY UZBEK SECURITY SERVICES,”

The chief legal advisor in the Foreign and Commonwealth Office: “assured him that the Convention against Torture did not prohibit the receipt of information obtained under torture.”

Posted in others, UN, Uzbekistan | Leave a Comment »

European Court Prohibited Ukraine To Return Refugees To Uzbekistan

Posted by Info on 30/07/2010

On July 26, 2010 the European Court for human rights in Strasburg prohibited Ukraine to return 4 arrested Uzbek refugees to Uzbekistan.

The court also proposed Ukrainian government to provide comments on non-return practice until August 3, 2010. The representative of detained Uzbek citizens must file the complaint by August 9, 2010.

Ukrainian security service and interior ministry detained for refugees (looking for asylum in Ukraine) by the request of Uzbekistan. The families of other potential refugees from Uzbekistan were exposed to high pressure and persecution.

The government of Ukraine will have to give proper consideration of refugee applications and will not return them to Uzbekistan until the European Court makes appropriate decision. The notice from European Court says “non-observance of measures by member-state will be … the violation of Convention on the protection of human rights and basic freedoms…”

Posted in EU, Ukraine, Uzbekistan | Leave a Comment »

USA Violated International Law – Sent Person To Country Know For Torture

Posted by Info on 30/07/2010

Last week, the United States government transferred an Algerian national, imprisoned for the last eight years at the U.S. detention facility at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, back to his home country.

35-year-old Abdul Aziz Naji was terrified. That’s because the Algerian government has a bad track record for its treatment of anyone arrested on “security grounds.” The U.S. State Department self reports that in such cases, Algerian authorities still use torture to elicit confessions. A recent decision from the European Court of Human Rights reached the same conclusion, blocking a transfer to Algeria from France. .

Naji begged the U.S. government to allow him to remain in prison at Guantanamo rather than be returned to Algeria. But the U.S. government ignored that; it sent him to Algeria anyway.

UNDER INTERNATIONAL LAW, THE UNITED STATES ISN’T SUPPOSED TO TRANSFER ANYONE TO A COUNTRY WHERE THEY’RE LIKELY TO FACE TORTURE OR CRUEL, INHUMAN OR DEGRADING TREATMENT.

Manfred Nowak, the U.N.’s Special Rapporteur on torture, DIPLOMATIC ASSURANCES ARE UNRELIABLE AND INEFFECTIVE IN THE PROTECTION AGAINST TORTURE AND ILL-TREATMENT AND SUCH ASSURANCES,” and are usually sought “from States where the practice of torture is systematic.” They’re also not legally binding.

Nowak last week protested the United States’ return of Naji to Algeria.

Although Naji was never charged, tried or convicted of anything by the United States, his imprisonment for the last eight years, supposedly on security grounds, suggests he’s likely to be a target of interest to the Algerian authorities. Indeed, after he was returned home on July 18.

There are still another five Algerians left at Guantanamo Bay who are afraid to return home due to fear of mistreatment. Still other prisoners, from countries such as Tajikistan have similar fears. And terror suspects arrested by U.S. authorities and sent to another country for interrogation and prosecution, under current U.S. rendition policy, face a similar risk.

Posted in others, Tajikistan, UN | Leave a Comment »

Russian Editor Wins After Being Charged With “Fomenting Extremism”+ video

Posted by Info on 30/07/2010

A Russian editor, Pyotr Lipatov, has secured a rare legal victory after being charged with “fomenting extremism”. A court threw out the case yesterday, ruling that prosecution evidence was unpersuasive.

Lipatov, editor of the opposition newspaper Consensus and Truth, which is published in a Moscow suburb, was accused of publishing articles that created “negative stereotypes and negative images of members of the security forces.”

His paper has regularly focused attention on the shortcomings of local government and the authorities have long sought to shut it down. In May, Lipatov was attacked by police, an incident shown in a video. – 6 minutes – in Russian and English

IN THE MOSCOW SUBURBS, FREEDOM OF THE PRESS MAY BE LEGAL, BUT IT’S NOT ALWAYS TOLERATED.

Posted in Russia | Leave a Comment »

Russian President Approved Amendments Expanding Powers Of FSB At Preventing Crimes

Posted by Info on 29/07/2010

Russian President Dmitry Medvedev has approved amendments expanding the powers of the Federal Security Service (FSB) aimed at preventing crimes.

The security agency was given the right to issue official warnings to a person within 10 days after obtaining information that suggests he or she may be about to commit a crime.

For non-observance of FSB orders or hindering the agency from carrying out its official duties, Russians may face up to 15 days behind bars.

The amendments provoked strong controversy in Russia among the human righst activists. On the other hand, the initiators and the backers of the amendments said the new rules will allow combating terrorism more efficiently. The texts of the official FSB warnings will not be published in media.

Russia’s mainly Muslim North Caucasus republics, especially Chechnya, Dagestan and Ingushetia, have seen an upsurge of militant violence lately. Experts see the poor social and economic situation in the region as the main reason for the numerous terrorist attacks in the country.

Posted in Russia | Leave a Comment »

Court Banned YouTube For “Extremist” Content = Worries About Free Speech

Posted by Info on 29/07/2010

A Far East court has banned YouTube and four other web sites for “extremist” content in a ruling that promises to raise new worries about free speech.
The Internet is widely recognized as the last uncensored media in Russia, and the ruling nudges the country toward the likes of Iran and Pakistan, which have blocked YouTube.

Incidentally, the court’s decision also bans videos by President Dmitry Medvedev.

YouTube.com was banned for the nationalist video “Russia to Russians,” which was ruled extremist by a Samara court in November and subsequently placed on the Justice Ministry’s federal list of banned extremist materials.
Judge Anna Aizenberg passed her verdict on YouTube on July 16, but the decision was only made public on Wednesday.

YouTube’s parent company, Google, denounced the ruling as unconstitutional. “In our opinion, the court’s decision … to limit access of Rosnet users to the whole YouTube.com site, not to a particular video, breaches the right for freedom of information, guaranteed by Article 29 of Russia’s Constitution, Google spokeswoman Alla Zabrovskaya said.

Posted in Russia | Leave a Comment »

Туркменистан: Президент Запретил Въезд И Выезд Из Страны Людей, Внесенных В «Черный Список»

Posted by Info on 29/07/2010

С 1 августа в Туркменистане вступает в силу новое секретное распоряжение президента республики Гурбангулы Бердымухамедова, направленное на утверждение так называемого «черного списка» нежелательных собственных и иностранных граждан.

Этот список состоит из 37.057 человек и включает следующие категории лиц: работники органов государственного управления; работники органов исполнительной власти на местах; граждане Туркменистана, находящиеся под постоянным наблюдением спецслужб страны.

Список людей, которым запрещен въезд на территорию Туркменистана, состоит из 18 пунктов и включает следующие категории лиц:

* Туркменские политические фигуры, находящиеся за рубежом в качестве политических беженцев – 268 человек;

* Представители международных организаций – 132 человек;

* Журналисты – 73 человека;

* Представители НПО, включая туркменские НПО, действующие за рубежом – 296 человек.

По информации «Нажот», в «черном списке» международных организаций указаны следующие: «Международная амнистия», Фонд Джорджа Сороса и Институт открытого общества, российский Правозащитный центр «Мемориал» и другие.

Posted in Туркменистан | Leave a Comment »

Videos Rouse Russian Anger Toward Police – Story of Aleksei A. Dymovsky

Posted by Info on 29/07/2010

A nobody cop from a nowhere city asked on video: “How can a police officer accept bribes? Do you understand where our society is heading?
Aleksei A. Dymovsky recorded two video appeals to Vladimir V. Putin, 13 minutes in all. in Russian.

To Putin: …“You talk about reducing corruption. You say that it should not be just a crime, that it should be immoral. But it is not like that. I told my boss that the police are corrupt. And he told me that it cannot be done away with. I am not afraid of quitting. I will tell you my name. I am Dymovsky, Aleksei Aleksandrovich.”

The videos have been watched more than two million times, giving Mr. Dymovsky a kind of fame in Russia …But despite the attention, Mr. Putin, the prime minister, has spurned him. So has President Dmitri A. Medvedev, though Mr. Medvedev has conceded that police corruption has reached shameful levels. And local authorities quickly retaliated against the officer.
Mr. Dymovsky, 32, was immediately fired from his job here in Novorossiysk, a port on the Black Sea, 750 miles south of Moscow. The police interrogated him, his relatives and his close friends, and raided their homes.
Those who have helped Mr. Dymovsky or demanded a wholesale revamping of the police have also come under pressure.

Recently, he went to Novosibirsk to attend a protest. He said he was accosted by four plainclothes police officers, who told him that if he ever wanted to see his family again, he should leave and never return. – This is Putin’s and Medvedev’s democracy or fight against corruption.

If You don’t speak about Corruption – so it does not exists, Mr Putin?

Posted in Russia | Leave a Comment »

Tashkent Denies Kyrgyzstan’s Ethnic Uzbeks Refuge

Posted by Info on 27/07/2010

Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan are keeping their borders shut, depriving Kyrgyzstan’s ethnic Uzbeks of possibilities of evading discrimination and violence that are continuing in the country’s south, Human Rights Watch has said.

On 20 July the organisation urged the Kyrgyz and Uzbek authorities to open borders for ethnic Uzbeks from Kyrgyzstan who want to find shelter in neighbouring Uzbekistan.

Posted in Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan | Leave a Comment »

Russian Police Sentenced For Murder In Chelyabinsk

Posted by Info on 26/07/2010

Four policemen have been sentenced to prison sentences after being found guilty of murdering a man in the central Russian province of Chelyabinsk.

Major S.F. and Sergeant V.K. were given 10 years in prison, warrant officer RK. 12 years, and Sergeant S.V. 11 years. A fifth policeman, who was found to have beaten other men but did not harm Udavikhin, was given a suspended sentence of three years.

The policemen detained Udavikhin and three others at the bar after a fight that Udavikhin had apparently witnessed. At the police station the four policemen were joined by Fomin, who was on duty at the time. The police were found by the court to have attacked Udavikhin, punching him dozens of times and killing him.
A coroner’s report states that Udavikhin’s skull and spine were severely injured. Several of his ribs were broken and several of his internal organs were ruptured as a result of the beating.

Posted in Russia | Leave a Comment »

В Чечне Сейчас Подвергаются Большей Опасности, Чем Во Время Войны

Posted by Info on 24/07/2010

Положение правозащитников – это барометр состояния прав человека в целом.
“Наши организации считают, что положение правозащитников – это барометр состояния прав человека в целом. Когда усиливаются атаки на наших коллег ….. это означает одно – что общая ситуация с правами человека ухудшается”, – заявила Саша Кулаева.

B Восточной Европе и Центральной Азии ситуация усугубляется еще и общим советским прошлым, которое продолжает оказывать очень сильное влияние.
B Белоруссии положение усугубляется принятием антитеррористических и антиэкстремистских законов, которые смешивают в одну кучу антитерроризм и антисепаратизм. Это больно ударяет по гражданскому обществу, потому что в эти плохо сформулированные понятия при желании можно запихнуть бог знает что”, – говорит правозащитница.

Шанхайская организация сотрудничества, приводят к тому, что региональные договоренности между не вполне свободными государствами, начинают доминировать над международным правом.
“Например, международным правом категорически запрещена практика выдачи лиц, подозреваемых в совершении каких угодно преступлений странам, где им грозят пытки, жестокое, негуманное обращение или смертная казнь. Если человек разыскивается за экстремизм, то, что бы мы ни понимали под этим понятием, выдавать человека нельзя. Но эта норма во многих случаях нарушается“.

“Известны случаи, когда людей выдавали в Китай, где их ждали страшные пытки и смертная казнь, и в Узбекистан, где казнь все же отменена, но, тем не менее, пытки – постоянные и систематические…..

Posted in Белоруссия, Россия, Узбекистан | Leave a Comment »

U.S. Sends Two Guantanamo Detainees To Latvia and Spain

Posted by Info on 23/07/2010

“The United States coordinated with the governments of Spain and Latvia to ensure the transfers took place under appropriate security measures and will remain in close consultation with both governments regarding these individuals,” the Pentagon said.
The identities of the two detainees were “withheld for privacy reasons at the request of the receiving governments.”

The transfers announced on Thursday brought the number of remaining detainees at Guantanamo to 176, down from 245 when U.S. President Barack Obama took office last year.

Posted in Latvia, others | Leave a Comment »

Президент России Дмитрий Медведев Подписал Пять Законов

Posted by Info on 22/07/2010

Медведев подписал пять законов, регламентирующих порядок прохождения службы в милиции.

Поправки вносятся в закон “О милиции” и в Положение о службе в органах внутренних дел, а также в Уголовный и Уголовно-процессуальный кодексы.

Милиционеров теперь можно увольнять за представление подложных документов при приеме на службу и за грубое нарушение служебной дисциплины при наличии в прошлом письменного взыскания.
В Уголовный кодекс введена новая статья 286.1, предусматривающее наказание в виде лишения свободы на срок до двух лет за умышленное неисполнение сотрудником МВД приказа начальника.

В течение последних месяцев в России имели место громкие скандалы вокруг Нажать майора Алексея Дымовского, разместившего в интернете обращение к премьеру Владимиру Путину с критикой порядков в УВД города Новороссийска, и публикацией в московском журнале The New Times статьи “Нажать Рабы ОМОНа”, основанной на информации, полученной от бывших и действующих милиционеров.

Posted in Россия | Leave a Comment »

На Северном Кавказе Растет Число Терактов

Posted by Info on 22/07/2010

В Северо-Кавказском федеральном округе (СКФО) продолжает увеличиваться число терактов, причиной чего является коррупция в органах государственной и муниципальной власти, правоохранительной системе, говорится в распространенном 20 июля сообщении Генеральной прокуратуры РФ.

“В округе продолжает оставаться низкой раскрываемость преступлений, сохраняется рост преступлений экстремистской направленности, увеличивается число актов терроризма. Вызывает беспокойство качество предварительного расследования, особенно состояние следствия в органах прокуратуры”, – говорится в сообщении ведомства.

Posted in Россия | Leave a Comment »