EURASIA LIFT

Human Rights Issues in Eurasia / Правовые Вопросы В Регионах Евразии

Archive for October, 2010

Police Draft Law Restricts Territorial Powers Of Russian Policemen

Posted by Info on 31/10/2010

The draft federal law on police, recently submitted by the president the State Duma, restricts the authorities of policemen to the territory, which lies under the control of their police units.
Under the current legislation, Russian policemen can exercise their authorities in all parts of the country.

“This amendment will, on the one hand, reduce police abuse and, on the other hand, concentrate police efforts on the protection of public order and safety of individuals.”

In response to growing criticism, President Dmitry Medvedev ordered a large-scale police reform in December 2009, including cutting the number of policemen and increasing salaries. The draft law was posted for public discussion in early August. If passed, the law is to come into effect from March 1, 2011.

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Canada Does Not Want Russians /Russia Accuses Canada Of Violating Visa-Granting Criteria

Posted by Info on 30/10/2010

Russian diplomats have accused the Canadian authorities of going beyond the framework of the internationally accepted principles of visa-granting.

The accusations have been triggered by a new form that Russians seeking a Canadian visa have been told to fill in.
Russian citizens are specifically requested to provide information on their military service, indicate the number of their military unit, its area of deployment, as well as the name of the commander.

Under the Russian law the information is a state secret, and divulging such information is punishable by a prison term of up to 7 years.
Moscow threatened with retaliatory moves against Ottawa.

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Definition Of Terrorism Singed By Yeltsin In 1998 and By Putin In 2006

Posted by Info on 30/10/2010

Antiterrorist law “On Fighting Terrorism” singed by Boris Yeltsin in 1998

Violence or the treat of violence against individuals or organization, and also the destruction (damaging) of or threat to destroy (damage) property and other material objects, such as threatening to cause loss of life, significant damage to property, or other socially dangerous consequences and implemented with a view to violating public security, intimidating the population, or influencing the adoption of decisions advantageous to terrorists by organs of power, or satisfying their unlawful material and (or) other interests; attempts on the lives of statesmen or public figures perpetrated with a view to ending their state or other political activity or out of revenge for such activity.

This definition was replaced in 2006 in a new antiterrorism law ” On Countering Terrorism”

“Terrorism is an ideology of violence and practice of influence on decision making by bodies of the government, institutions of local government, or international organizations, by means of intimidation of the population and (or) other forms of illegal violent actions.”

(page 173 , The New Nobility)

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Merkel Challenging Russia to Fix Frozen Feud In Transdniestria

Posted by Info on 29/10/2010

If Russia is interested in cooperating with Europe, especially on security issues, then it should contribute by helping to resolve the long-running conflict in Transnistria, said Mrs. Merkel.

Transnistria is a narrow swath of territory that legally is part of Moldova, a poor country bordering Romania. Since the early 1990s, with the support of Moscow, a nationalist, pro-Russian separatist movement in Transnistria has been trying to break away from Moldova
.

Until Mrs. Merkel broached the issue with Russia, Europe had all but forgotten about this frozen conflict, even though it is on Europe’s doorstep. Brussels left it largely up to the 56-member Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe to try to mediate, but to little avail.

Apart from more than 1,100 Russian troops based in Transnistria, the separatist movement has its own soldiers who speak Russian and whose uniforms bear insignias in Cyrillic — unlike the rest of Moldova, which has a Latin script and whose citizens speak Romanian.

There is also a heavily guarded crossing dividing Transnistria and Moldova proper that prevents free passage of people and goods between both parts of this country of 3.9 million.

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Novaïa Gazeta: Le Journal Qui N’aimait Pas Poutine

Posted by Info on 29/10/2010

En 10 ans, Novaïa Gazeta, l’icône de la presse libre russe, a vu quatre de ses plus grandes plumes assassinées, dont la plus connue, Anna Politkovskaïa. Entre les pressions des autorités, les récentes accusations d’«extrémisme» et les problèmes financiers, Novaïa Gazeta a toujours été un journal sur le qui-vive.

C’est qu’il faut avoir du front tout le tour de la tête pour travailler dans le journal le plus critique du pouvoir russe. Anna Politkovskaïa en avait. Tout comme Igor Domnikov et Iouri Chtchekotchikhine. En 2009, trois photos sont venues s’y ajouter: celles d’Anastassia Babourova, journaliste de 25 ans spécialisée dans les mouvements d’extrême droite, de Stanislav Markelov, célèbre avocat défenseur de la veuve et de l’orphelin, et de Natalia Estemirova, employée de l’ONG Mémorial, un groupe de défense des droits de l’homme en Tchétchénie.

Parce que si Novaïa Gazeta se considère comme un journal indépendant plutôt que d’opposition, la réalité le pousse à accumuler les ennemis et à entretenir ses bonnes amitiés. Dans ses pages, il appuie parfois ouvertement la marginale opposition libérale russe. Avec le pouvoir, il est sans pitié.

Vladimir Poutine. L’homme fort de la Russie, aujourd’hui premier ministre, se classe dans la catégorie des ennemis du journal. «Nous ne l’aimons pas et il ne nous aime pas non plus», reconnaît Mme Proussenkova, qui est entrée à Novaïa Gazeta il y a 10 ans, lorsque Poutine, à la surprise générale, est devenu président.

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В Чечне Судят Милиционеров, Обвиняемых В Двойном Убийстве

Posted by Info on 29/10/2010

В Верховном суде Чеченской Республики началось рассмотрение уголовного дела в отношении двоих сотрудников милиции.

Как сообщили в пресс-службе общественной организации «Комитет против пыток», милиционеры Исрапил Байсуркаев и Джабраил Байсуркаев обвиняются в совершении преступлений предусмотренных ч. 2 ст. 105 (убийство двух или более лиц, совершенное общеопасным способом группой лиц по предварительному сговору), ч. 3 ст. 30 (покушение на преступление), ч. 1 ст. 167 (умышленное уничтожение или повреждение чужого имущества) УК РФ.

Следственные органы утверждают, что незаконные действия милиционеров привели к гибели жителей Шелковского района Чечни Рустама Эскерханова, Лом-Али Эзербиева и ранению Алихана Эскерханова.

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Russian Hackers Rake In Millions With No Fear Of Law

Posted by Info on 29/10/2010

Cyber crime in Russia is booming.But so far the police are no match for the hackers.The country’s hackers are among the most professional in the world. Their tools are computers and the Internet, manipulate and rob bank accounts, attack websites or send spam e-mails.
The hackers are especially versatile when it comes to stealing data. Hundreds of attacks are registered daily from Russia. More than half of those are directed against the European Union, Canada and the United States.

“They are a threat in particular to bank customers with more than 50,000 euros ($69,000) on their accounts and who use online banking,” said Nikita Kislizin, Russian IT specialist and editor-in-chief of the magazine “Hacker.” He said the target of such attacks were average Internet users as well as financial institutions, corporations, media organizations and even security services.

Because high-speed Internet connections are needed to carry out such activities, most of the country’s cyber criminals are said to live either in Moscow or St. Petersburg. It’s said that a gang of 10 hackers can earn around 10 million euros a year. In term of the necessary technology, the investment required is only around 20,000 euros. And the hackers have reliable means of turning that dirty electronic money into clean cash.

The hackers spend at least 10 hours a day at the computer. They rarely take a weekend off. Should an attack require it, they will stay awake for days at a time. And even if they’re not working on a deal, they still have to be online and check the latest anti-virus programs to see how they can be outsmarted. The annual turnover associated with illegal activities is estimated at around one billion euros.

The number of cyber criminals in Russia is estimated at around 20,000. Most are between 20 and 30 years old and are graduates of the country’s technical universities.
Police in Russia lack both the personnel and the technology to effectively combat the hackers. Often, the authorities are simply powerless to deal with the attacks. Only around 10 percent of the crimes are ever solved.

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European Parliament About Russia And Its Fight Against Terrorism

Posted by Info on 29/10/2010

European Parliament in Its New Resolution adopten on 21.10.2010

1. Condemns all acts of terrorism and underlines that there can be no justification whatsoever for acts of indiscriminate violence against the civilian population; expresses its sympathy and solidarity with the friends and families of all victims of violence…;

2. Expresses its deepest concern at the resurgence of violence and acts of terrorism in the North Caucasus; calls, on the one hand, for an end to terrorism and, on the other, on the Russian authorities to put an end to the widespread climate of impunity for human rights violations and the absence of the rule of law in the region;

3. Recognises Russia’s right to fight real terrorism and armed insurgency in the North Caucasus, but urges the authorities to do so while upholding international human rights law; warns that continuing abuses and unlawful counter-insurgency methods will further antagonise the population and, instead of bringing stability, will cause a further escalation of violence in the region;

4. Urges the Russian authorities to do everything in their power to ensure the protection of human rights defenders…..;

5. Stresses that the lasting impunity in Chechnya contributes to destabilisation across the whole North Caucasus region;

6. Strongly condemns any form of collective punishment against individuals suspected of having ties to insurgents, including the practice of BURNING HOMES belonging to families of active or alleged members of the armed opposition; asks the authorities to take concrete steps to prevent any recurrence of such violations and to punish the officials responsible for them at all levels;

7. Urges Russia to provide unhindered access to the North Caucasus for international human rights organisations, the media and international governmental institutions…

8. Expresses its deep concern at the growing number of disappeared residents of the North Caucasus republics who have apparently been abducted in other Russian regions and looks to the General Public Prosecutor’s Office of the Russian Federation to clarify and confirm the whereabouts of these citizens;

9. Urges the Russian federal authorities to ensure that long-term solutions for internally displaced persons (IDPs) are translated into action; ….and to adapt its legislation accordingly;

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Text Of Resolution – North Caucasus, In particular Case of Oleg Orlov

Posted by Info on 29/10/2010

Texts adopted Thursday, 21 October 2010 – Strasbourg
European Parliament resolution of 21 October 2010 on the situation of human rights in the North Caucasus (Russian Federation) and the criminal prosecution against Oleg Orlov

The European Parliament ,

– having regard to its resolution of 17 September 2009 on the murder of human rights activists in Russia(1) ,

– having regard to the award on 16 December 2009 of its Sakharov Prize to Oleg Orlov, Sergei Kovalev and Lyudmila Alexeyeva on behalf of the Human Rights Centre Memorial and all other human rights defenders in Russia,
enders……

B. whereas there are some 20 000 cases pending at the European Court of Human Rights from the Russian Federation, mainly from the North Caucasus region;..

Criminal investigation against Oleg Orlov

L. whereas the work of human rights organisations such as Memorial is essential for the creation of a stable and free society in Russia …,

M. whereas Natalia Estemirova, the head of Memorial in Chechnya, was abducted on 15 July 2009 in Grozny and found dead in neighbouring Ingushetia; whereas the investigation of her murder has not made any progress in finding the killers and those ultimately responsible,

N. whereas on 21 January 2010 Oleg Orlov and the Memorial Human Rights Centre were ordered by the Moscow City Civil Court to pay damages to Ramzan Kadyrov, the President of Chechnya,

O. whereas on 9 February 2010 Ramzan Kadyrov publicly announced that he would drop the criminal proceedings he had initiated against Oleg Orlov, Chair of the Executive Board of the Human Rights Centre Memorial, and Ludmila Alexeyeva, Chair of the Moscow Helsinki Group, for defamation,

P. whereas on 6 July 2010 Oleg Orlov was charged under Article 129 of the Russian Criminal Code and could face up to three years in jail if found guilty,

Q. whereas the Russian Federation’s Code of Criminal Procedure (in particular its Article 72) was seriously violated in the criminal investigation against Oleg Orlov….

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EP Denounced “Cynical Attempts To Implicate Memorial” In Crime Of Terrorists

Posted by Info on 29/10/2010

In a resolution voted last week, the European Parliament denounced the persecution of human rights activists and condemned all acts of terrorism and expressed sympathy to families of both the Moscow metro bombings and the attack on the Chechen Parliament.

Passed on 21 October the RESOLUTION condemns criminal investigations of libel against Orlov and says the code of criminal procedures of Russia was seriously violated when conducting them.

It also condemns “the intimidating search of the offices of human rights organisations, including Memorial”.

The resolution underlines that ORLOV IS “UNDER THE EP’S SPECIAL MORAL AND POLITICAL PROTECTION” AS A SAKHAROV WINNER.

In addition to the Orlov case, MEPs are concerned about the situation in the North Caucasus, which it terms as “alarming” for human rights activists. It condemns “murders, abductions, threats, violence, searches of offices of human rights activists, lawyers and journalists” in the region and warns of the generalised climate of fear in Chechnya”.

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Предвыборная Борьба: Молдавия Однa Из Самых Бедных Стран Европы Но Кандидаты Миллионеры

Posted by Info on 28/10/2010

Эти парламентские выборы будут самыми важными и самыми грязными за все годы независимости страны. Стране, наконец, надо определиться, куда она идет – на Запад или на Восток. В активный словарь многих электоральных конкурентов вошло слово “мафия”.
Богатые депутаты бедной страны

Несмотря на то что Молдавия по-прежнему остается одной из самых бедных стран Европы, в предвыборных списках появилось немало богатых людей. И это тоже новшество нынешней электоральной кампании. Так, возглавляющий список Либерально-демократической партии Владимир Филат вошел в клуб миллионеров. В 2008 – 2009 годах он сумел пополнить свой бюджет на 7,5 миллиона леев.

Но больше всего левых миллионеров идут по спискам Демократической партии – аж 8 человек. Причем не все они значатся в десятке первых. Например, кандидат Алена Мандатий, сумевшая заработать за два года 6 миллионов леев, занимает в списке только 47 место.

Самым богатым из независимых кандидатов пока что является бизнесмен Габриэль Стати. В 2009 году он был задержан правоохранительными органами по обвинению в организации массовых беспорядков в Кишиневе 7 апреля, когда были разгромлены здания парламента и администрации президента. Оправдан Стати был после ухода из власти коммунистов, в ноябре 2009 года.

Кстати, в списке Коммунистической партии не значится ни одного миллионера. Доход лидера партии, экс-коммуниста Владимира Воронина составил за два года 500 тысяч леев.

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Russian Police Reforms Postponed Until At Least Next Spring

Posted by Info on 28/10/2010

Originally the law was due to be implemented in January, but it now faces a delay until March 1, 2011.
In a unique attempt at public consultation the draft legislation was made available for public discussion online at http://www.zakonoproekt2010.ru in early August.

A source in the capital’s law enforcement told Interfax that lay-offs were planned among forensic staff, dog handlers and information centres. Other cutbacks are expected among traffic cops and state-sponsored personal security teams as well as a range of backroom staff.

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OSCE: There Is No Pluralism In Belarusian Mass Media

Posted by Info on 28/10/2010

OSCE Representative on Freedom of the Media, Dunja Mijatovic, called upon the authorities of Belarus to cease the interference into the media sphere.

It is not a secret, that there is no pluralism in the Belarusian mass media at all. It is limited to print media, and remains under threat in the Internet. I called upon the representatives of the authority to remove all administrative restrictions on Belarusian media, announced to my official interlocutors that a practice of issuing cautions to newspapers up to their closure paralyses the press activity”.

Dunja Mijatovic says, there are no signs of democracy in Belarus in the sphere of media. The confirmation – a broad practice of impleading of journalists, who to the view of the authorities, “abuse” their powers.

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Strasbourg Court Fines Russia $207,000 For Chechen Disappearances

Posted by Info on 28/10/2010

Brothers Ilyas and Isa Yansuyev disappeared in February 2003, when they were kidnapped by unidentified armed people wearing camouflage uniforms. According to witnesses, the two Chechens were taken away in a military vehicle in the direction of a military base.
The brothers’ relatives appealed to the Strasbourg Court over the kidnapping after a domestic investigation yielded no results.

The court ruled that Yansuyev brothers “should be considered dead as a result of the unacknowledged detention by the Russian military.”
The Russian authorities argued the kidnappers might be militants who had stolen arms from military stores. The court said the Russian government had failed to provide it with the requested documents.

Strasbourg believes Russia violated a range of articles in the Convention on Human Rights, including the right to life, inhuman and degrading treatment, unacknowledged detention and the right to an effective remedy.
The court ordered the Russian government to pay the relatives of the dead 27,000 euros (more than $37,300) in material damage, 120,000 euros (more than $166,000) in moral damage and 8,000 euros (more than $11,000) to cover court expenses.

Russia has lost most of its cases in the Strasbourg Court. Last year, suits against Russia accounted for more than one quarter of all cases filed in the court.

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Russia In Moldova -Moscow Sends Mixed Signals On Transdniester Settlement

Posted by Info on 28/10/2010

Russian President Dmitry Medvedev raised hopes that after years of gridlock a breakthrough might be possible in the decades-old conflict between Moldova’s central government in Chisinau and its pro-Moscow breakaway region.

Medvedev made his comments following a summit meeting with German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Nicolas Sarkozy on October 19.
As soon as the necessary electoral procedures have taken place. I believe we have a good chance to restart the process and achieve results. Russia will support this.“But I want to draw attention to the fact that the success of this depends not only on Russia but also on the position of Moldova itself. That is the main issue. It depends on the position of Transdniester and of Romania and on the position of the EU. Everyone must play their part.”What does he mean?

Moscow has consistently backed Transdniester economically, militarily, and politically, although it never recognized its independence, as it did with two other separatist regions — South Ossetia and Abkhazia — after the Russian-Georgian war of August 2008.

The inclusion of the EU and the United States as observers did little to push forward the stalled talks between Chisinau and Tiraspol. A rare three-way meeting between Medvedev, Transdniestrian leader Igor Smirnov, and Moldova’s Communist President Vladimir Voronin in March 2009 in Russia was little more than a photo op.

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