Human Rights Issues in Eurasia / Правовые Вопросы В Регионах Евразии

Archive for October 27th, 2010

Viagra Spam Is Gone Thanks To Russian Police

Posted by Info on 27/10/2010

You may not have noticed, but since late last month, the world supply of Viagra ads and other e-mail spam has dropped by an estimated one-fifth. With 200 billion spam messages in circulation each day, there is still plenty to go around.

Moscow police authorities
said Mr. Gusev, 31, was a central figure in the operations of, which paid spammers to promote online pharmacies. suddenly stopped operating on Sept. 27. With less financial incentive to send their junk mail, spammers curtailed their activity by an estimated 50 billion messages a day.

Lieutenant Utenkova said the search of the apartment turned up seven removable hard drives, four flash cards and three laptops.
The drop-off in spam since went down had been noted by companies in the United States that monitor the Internet.
Some American security experts have said that the spamming operation in Russia appears to have been protected by Russian authorities — whether for reasons of corruption, national pride or state security.

Because most victims of online crime, and the targets of unwanted spam advertising, are in Europe and the United States, Russian police have typically seen little incentive to prosecute online crime, analysts say.

But recently, President Dmitri A. Medvedev of Russia has been seeking to expand and legitimize the domestic Russian Internet industry — and move it away from its reputation as a playground for hackers, pornographers and authors of darkly ingenious viruses.

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Security Council’s Counter-Terrorism Measures Lack Legal Basis

Posted by Info on 27/10/2010

The regime created by the Security Council to counter terrorism is outside the scope of its powers.

There are problems with the Al-Qaida and Taliban sanctions regime initiated by Council resolution 1267 of 1999 introduced 11 years ago as “a form of smart sanctions against a defined group of persons, and limited in time and space.

While resolution 1267 (1999) using its Chapter VII powers to maintain a permanent list of terrorist individuals and entities anywhere in the world and to impose its application upon all Member States as a legally binding Charter obligation goes beyond the powers of the Security Council.

The Council took steps to reform the terrorist listing and de-listing procedures, including the establishment of the Office of the delisting Ombudsperson in 2009.

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Khodorkovsky: Judge Had No Choice But To Bring “Not-guilty” Verdict

Posted by Info on 27/10/2010

Former Yukos oil major CEO Mikhail Khodorkovsky said on Wednesday the judge in the trial over new charges against him and his business partner Platon Lebedev had no choice but to bring a “not-guilty” verdict.
“I would like to thank the prosecutors as thanks to them everyone is convinced that we are innocent.”
“I understand that it is difficult to bring a not-guilty verdict in Moscow‘s courts. But I beg you to see the true value of their efforts,” Khodorkovsky told judge Viktor Danilkin.

Prosecutors have demanded 14 years in prison for Khodorkovsky and Lebedev on charges of stealing 218 million tons of oil from a subsidiary company of Yukos between 1998 and 2003. The prosecution has since reduced by 131 million tons the volume of oil.
The two former businessmen are already serving eight-year sentences for fraud and tax evasion.

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Kyrgyzstan: Some Relatives Of Victims Of Last June’s Inter-Ethnic Headed Abroad For Terrorist Training – Terrorism As Revenge

Posted by Info on 27/10/2010

President Roza Otunbayeva warned Osh law enforcers in August that unjustified arrests, exhaustive property searches and beatings of civilians might cause afflicted individuals to retaliate.

“Over 200 young men have left Kyrgyzstan for insurgent bases to receive training for jihad,” she told police and military officers. “Do you want to breed more of those revenge-takers? They’ll return to kill you. Do you really want renewed bloodshed?

Some relatives of victims of last June’s inter-ethnic clashes in the country’s south might have headed abroad for terrorist training. Their supposed goal is to come home and take revenge.

Survivors refute this assertion, but government agencies are taking preventive measures.

The Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU) and the Islamic Jihad Union (IJU) have sought to influence the southern situation by recruiting those – regardless of ethnicity – whose relatives died during the unrest.

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Russia: Dagestani TV Journalist Zarema Gasanova Fears for Life

Posted by Info on 27/10/2010

Zarema Gasanova has faced “systematic” threats since reporting in December about two local residents purportedly tortured to death after a dispute with the traffic police in the town of Kizilyurt the previous month.
She said she has been stalked and threatened by unidentified men, both in person and via text messages, and one message said her tongue would be cut out.

Gasanova said unidentified police officers came to her house in Makhachkala in February and September, behaving aggressively and not explaining the purpose of their visits.

Memorial head Oleg Orlov sent an official request for information on who the officers were and why they had visited Gasanova
to the Interior Ministry’s branch in Dagestan on Tuesday.
Orlov said he also passed Gasanova’s complaint to Mikhail Fedotov, head of the Kremlin human rights council. A copy of Gasanova’s complaint was posted on Memorial’s web site.

Gasanova also has accused local law enforcement agencies of abuse of power in their treatment of terrorist suspects. She made those allegations in interviews with Chernovik, a Dagestani opposition newspaper that local authorities unsuccessfully tried to close on extremism charges in June 2009, but lost their suit in September 2010.

Gasanova posted an open letter to President Dmitry Medvedev on her web site in July, asking him to “punish” police officers guilty of power abuse. About 200 Dagestani supporters have signed the online letter.

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Gorbachev: “Putin Thinks That Democracy Stands In His Way”/Putin’s Party-United Russia Is “Bad Copy Of Soviet Communist Party”

Posted by Info on 27/10/2010

Mr. Gorbachev, the last Soviet leader, was giving interviews this month to promote a benefit concert that his foundation is sponsoring in March in honor of his 80th birthday. The foundation runs a research center and has raised millions of dollars for charities for children with cancer.
Mr. Gorbachev feels that he put Russia on the path toward being a functional democracy, only to have Mr. Putin block its progress.

Mikhail S. Gorbachev, who once supported Prime Minister Vladimir V. Putin, is voicing growing frustration with Mr. Putin’s leadership, that he had undermined Russia’s fledgling democracy by crippling the opposition forces.

“He thinks that democracy stands in his way.
“I am afraid that they have been saddled with this idea that this unmanageable country needs authoritarianism,
” Mr. Gorbachev said, referring to Mr. Putin and his close ally, President Dmitri A. Medvedev. “They think they cannot do without it.”
Mr. Gorbachev even described Mr. Putin’s governing party, United Russia, as a “a bad copy of the Soviet Communist Party.” Mr. Gorbachev said party officials were concerned entirely with clinging to power and did not want Russians to take part in civic life.

Mr. Gorbachev was especially disparaging of Mr. Putin’s decision in 2004, when he was president, to eliminate elections for regional governors and the mayors of Moscow and St. Petersburg. Those positions are now filled by Kremlin appointees. The impact of this change was illustrated in Mr. Medvedev’s dismissal last month of Moscow’s longtime mayor, who was replaced with a Putin loyalist.

“Democracy begins with elections,” Mr. Gorbachev said. “Elections, accountability and turnover.”

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Over 200 OSCE Monitors To Observe Election In Moldova

Posted by Info on 27/10/2010

The parliamentary election will be the third one in Moldova over the past two years. The deputies fail to elect head of state as this requires the votes of three-fifths of the deputies (61 out of the 100). The changes in the alignment of forces have not influenced the situation. Whereas the Communist deputies had voted for president, while the opposition boycotted the election, the roles changed after the early election with the result remaining the same.

The coalition of liberal parties that came to power by the election time lowered the election barrier from five to four percent, and again permitted forming election blocs even though the parties of the alliance are going to participate in the election each on its own. The proportionate system of distributing the mandates of the parties that have not made it to parliament was dropped. The principle of parity will now be used, that is, the mandates will now be distributed among the factions share and share alike, regardless of the number of votes earned.

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ЕСПЧ Вынесет Решение По Жалобе Пострадавших В “Норд-Осте”

Posted by Info on 27/10/2010

Европейский суд по правам человека до конца этого года вынесет решение по жалобе 80 пострадавших от теракта в театральном центре на Дубровке.

Трагедия в московском театральном центре на Дубровке произошла осенью 2002 года. В здание, где шло представление популярного мюзикла “Норд-Ост”, ворвалась вооруженная группа из 40 бандитов и взяла в заложники 912 человек, в том числе женщин и детей. Спустя почти трое суток произошел штурм здания, в результате которого террористы были уничтожены, а оставшиеся в живых заложники освобождены. В результате теракта погибли 130 заложников.

В апреле 2007 года Страсбургский суд принял к производству жалобу пострадавших, которая была подана еще 18 августа 2003 года и в которой адвокаты попросили выплатить каждому из пострадавших по 50 тысяч евро в качестве компенсации за нарушение прав человека. Суд засекретил дело, удовлетворив просьбу уполномоченного представителя РФ в Европейском суде по правам человека, который просил ограничить доступ публики к материалам дела.

“Коммуникации закончены, можно сказать, что суд удалился для вынесения решения, хотя такой (процессуальной) формы у них нет”, – сказал адвокат, отметив, что обычно эта стадия занимает не больше месяца.

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