Human Rights Issues in Eurasia / Правовые Вопросы В Регионах Евразии

Archive for November 12th, 2010

Russian Spetsnaz Officer`s 120-page Diary On The Chechen War

Posted by Info on 12/11/2010

The Sunday Times magazine in London, which published translated excerpts from the diary of a Russian spetsnaz officer who served for more than a decade as one of the Kremlin’s shadowy fighters in the Chechen wars.

The two Chechen wars,
fought since the Soviet Union disintegrated between Russian federal forces and shifting bands of rebels who have carried the banners of separatism, jihad and revenge, have seen waves of violence as chilling as most any accounts of war. Fueled by racism and an urge to settle bloody scores, both sides have joined in a descent to the bottom, engaging in unsparing campaigns against each others’ civilian populations. Untold thousands of civilians have vanished or been killed. A wave of emigration followed, and criminality took hold. The tiny Chechen republic was leveled in the process, only to be rebuilt in recent years as a new police state controlled by a megalomaniacal young Kremlin proxy, Ramzan Kadyrov, who rules the land by collective punishment and fear.

If the paired words — insurgency and counterinsurgency — conjure dark associations, Chechnya is the example that summons some of the most severe forms of political violence of our time: hostage-taking in a theater, a public school and a hospital to leverage political demands; suicide bombings; indiscriminate shelling of rebel strongholds; assassinations; beheadings of captured combatants and suspected informants; mass arrests and incarcerations; public displays of the dead as warnings to others; systemic use of torture, and more.

The diary as available now is a complex offering.
Mr. Franchetti’s source appears, variously … as vicious, grim, bitter, alcoholic, criminal, angry at his country but deeply faithful to his fellow fighters, many of whom were killed and whom he feels he has let down….
For those trying to understand the slippery new counterinsurgency doctrine, which has swept like a religion through the Pentagon in the past five years, this abbreviated diary also carries insights into how Russia’s forces have pursued their own Eastern brand of counterinsurgent tactics, unapologetically matching brutality with brutality, seeking less to win, as the tin-eared slogan says, Chechnya’s “hearts and minds” than to exhaust the Chechen population.

“The War in Chechnya: Diary of a Killer,” prepared by The Times’s long-serving Moscow correspondent, Mark Franchetti, marks a valuable step toward gathering participants’ accounts. In a series of first-person vignettes from an anonymous officer’s diary, it offers a front-line account of characteristic forms of Russian-Chechen campaigns — roundups, torture, extrajudicial executions of detained rebels and the almost casual killing of civilians who happen to be in the way. The result is a portrait of confused dehumanization, of both relishing in fighting and agonizing over the results.

Soldiers’ memoirs are basic artifacts from which any given war can be further understood. They are also potentially risky to rely on, especially in wars for which a large body of individual accounts are not available. As any veteran knows from listening to fellow soldiers’ bar stool accounts, survivors of war sometimes veer into cartoonish description, and accounts of events can be laden with exaggeration. ...more here

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ОБСЕ Подвергла Критике Изменения Молдавскими Властями Кодекса О Выборах

Posted by Info on 12/11/2010

Mиссия наблюдателей ОБСЕ/ODIHR считает, что в результате изменений Кодекса о выборах, проведенных властями в сентябре, «методика распределения мандатов была изменена таким образом, что малые партии могут получить преимущество». «Изменение избирательного законодательства незадолго до выборов противоречит Своду рекомендательных норм при проведении выборов Венецианской Комиссии Совета Европы». « подобные изменения вызывают особое беспокойство, если они приняты без всеобщего согласия и могут дать преимущество некоторым из предвыборных конкурентов».

Правящее ныне в Молдове парламентское большинство, представленное в парламенте партиями Михая Гимпу, Мариана Лупу, Серафима Урекяна и Владимира Филата, изменило положения Кодекса о выборах, предусматривающие пропорциональное перераспределение мандатов между прошедшими в парламент партиями.
Указанная норма закона, действующая с 1994 года, была изменена в пользу равного распределения мандатов между прошедшими избирательный порог партиями. Таким образом, партии, набравшие большее количество голосов, получат равное количество перераспределенных мандатов с партиями, едва преодолевшими избирательный порог в 4 %.

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“Police Day” – Awards For Russia’s Worst Cops

Posted by Info on 12/11/2010

The “Golden Yevsyukov” awards for Yekaterinburg’s worst cops were announced in an anti-award ceremony as the country marked Police Day on Wednesday.

Named after the notorious officer who killed three people in a Moscow supermarket shooting, the tongue-in-cheek prizes are intended to rap the knuckles of the most corrupt cops and dangerous officers in service in the Urals.
Local police spokesman Valery Gorelykh was invited to accept the awards on the winners’ behalf, but he refused.

Meanwhile rock singer-cum-protestor Yury Shevchuk and music critic Artyom Troitsky made their own contribution from the stage of his Moscow gig on Wednesday, dishing out an award to St. Petersburg cop Vadim Boyko, who infamously taunted demonstrators at a rally in the northern capital before laying into them.

In Yekaterinburg activists picked out several cops who were accused of various misdemeanours, local news site reported.
The Robin Hood category went to Alexander Dupin, Vitaly Pashkevich and Sergei Semenov, honoured for their kidnapping scam.

Drink-driving sergeant Vladimir Bazhenov won the Schumacher prize after he ran a red light in June this year, killing a 60-year-old motorist.

Meanwhile the “Valentin Yudashkin” award for work with artists went to Alexei Chabin, who earned his notoriety through a clash with a film crew and a girl playing a guitar on a street corner.

In a nod to the awards’ inspiration, Pavel Martynov as the Asbestovsky district was recognised after shooting up a café, while in the monogorod of Asbest former traffic police chief Andrei Maltsev’s involvement in drug trafficking landed him a gong.

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Why Convention On Cybercrime Will Not Be Ratified By Russia

Posted by Info on 12/11/2010

Russia mainly disagrees with the Budapest Convention’s questionable position that foreign intelligence services have the right to penetrate our cyberspace and conduct special operations without notifying our intelligence agencies.

The Budapest Convention, which regulates the struggle against information crime on the regional level, is already 10 years old. It was signed by the member states of the Council of Europe and a number of other countries. Russia did not support the Convention, but neither did it shut the door on signing it in the future.

But according to Livadny,head of the Legal Department at Rosfinmonitoring (Russia’s Federal Financial Monitoring Service), the Budapest Convention makes it possible for the law enforcement agencies of one country to have access to the resources located in another state’s public domain network without notifying that state. This approach does not suit Russia.
“We need to, after all, consider our national security interests.”

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Something Rotten In Russian Spy Kingdom

Posted by Info on 12/11/2010

A spy row between Moscow and Washington broke out in late June when 10 alleged Russian spies were arrested in the United States. The spies were freed in a swap deal between the two countries.

Col. Shcherbakov, who was the chief of an SVR department handling all intelligence sources in the United States, was to blame for the exposure of the Russian intelligence officers working under assumed identities.
Shcherbakov’s daughter has long been living in the United States but that the SVR was not overly concerned about this.
A retired senior officer of Soviet and Russian foreign intelligence :“Any objective observer would say: How come you have allowed a person who had a daughter abroad to be in such a sensitive position? “It means that things are really bad with the internal security at Yasenevo” (where is the headquarters of the Russian Foreign Intelligence Service (SVR)- they are probably keeping themselves busy with the wrong kind of things.”

The officer also said that having someone like Shcherbakov as a traitor was the worst possible scenario for any intelligence agency because he was a mole at the very core of Russian undercover operations.
The intelligence service failed to take notice when Shcherbakov refused to accept a career promotion a year before the spy scandal – a procedure that would require him to undergo a lie detector test. This could mean that he actively cooperated with U.S. secret services at the time.
No one paid attention to the fact that Shcherbakov’s son, who had worked for Russia’s drug watchdog Gosnarkokontrol, hastily left Russia for the United States shortly before the Russian spies were exposed. Shcherbakov fled the country three days prior to President Dmitry Medvedev’s visit to the United States in June.

An unidentified Kremlin official told the paper–a respected Russian business daily–that Russia is now planning to assassinate Shcherbakov:Do not doubt that a Mercader has been sent after him already. (Ramon Mercader was a Russian agent who assassinated Leon Trotsky in Mexico in 1940, after the exiled Bolshevik had fallen out with Stalin’s regime.)

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В России Хотят Ограничить Влияние СМИ На Общество

Posted by Info on 12/11/2010

В конце прошлой недели в России подверглись нападению два журналиста, в том числе Олег Кашин, корреспондент газеты «Коммерсантъ». Накануне в Госдуму внесён законопроект, ужесточающий наказание за нападение на журналистов и предусматривающий от 20 лет тюрьмы до пожизненного заключения за нанесение тяжких увечий.
Всеволод Леонидович, по данным иностранных обозревателей, в 2009 году в России убиты восемь журналистов. И только в одном случае виновные предстали перед судом. Какова Ваша статистика преступлений, совершаемых против российских журналистов?

ВСЕВОЛОД БОГДАНОВ, председатель Союза журналистов России: У нас 15 декабря каждый год – ритуал поминовения погибших коллег. Это 300 портретов. Триста портретов за последние 20 лет погибших наших коллег. И если говорить о статистике, сколько из них расследованы до конца убийств, то в общем-то из каждых, может быть, 10-15-ти убийств, как каждый год это по-разному, но бывает, может быть, один-двое наказаны или объяснено, кто был исполнителем. Но ни разу ещё не было случая, чтобы были определены, кто был заказчик убийства.

ЖУРНАЛИСТ : Кто, по-Вашему, несёт ответственность за насилие над журналистами? Какова роль местных властей в подобных преступлениях?

ВСЕВОЛОД БОГДАНОВ, председатель Союза журналистов России: Я думаю, что, конечно, отвечает власть.

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