Human Rights Issues in Eurasia / Правовые Вопросы В Регионах Евразии

Archive for January 31st, 2011

How Russia Created Its Own Islamic Terrorism Problem

Posted by Info on 31/01/2011

“Moscow faces a brutal Islamic terrorist movement, bent on jihad, unwilling to compromise and determined to inflict pain on Russians almost as an end in itself.” That’s the view presented by Russian officials and accepted by Western leaders…by quickly condemning them and describing them as instances of Islamic terrorism, tied to al-Qaeda and its fanatical vision. This unthinking acceptance of the Russian narrative allowed Moscow to respond with brutal violence, often against innocent civilians and without prompting international criticism.

A little history provides a different perspective. Chechnya’s struggle against Russia, at root, has nothing to do with Islam. About 200 years ago, the Russian empire began a war of colonial expansion in the tiny area called Chechnya. After resisting for several bloody decades, the Chechens were forcibly incorporated into the empire in 1859. As soon as the Czar’s rule ended in Moscow, the Chechens began clamoring for independence, which they were granted in 1918….
In 1990, as the Soviet Union was collapsing, a national convention of all Chechen political groups united in a call for immediate independence from Moscow. In response, the Russian government invaded Chechnya. Over the course of the past two decades killed tens of thousands of Chechen civilians.
Even today Russia maintains a brutal reign of terror there and in its surrounding regions. Any signs of religious behavior are viewed with hostility.
At this point, it is fair to describe the Chechen rebellion as dominated and defined by Islamic extremism. But it did not start out as such, and it didn’t have to turn out that way.

“Retribution is inevitable”
was Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin’s comment on the Moscow airport attack, setting up the next stage in this cycle of violence and extremism. WHY?

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Art. 31 of Russia’s Constitution = Free Assembly?

Posted by Info on 31/01/2011

President Dmitry Medvedev has promised to allow more public criticism of the authorities. But most opposition groups say little has changed and their activities are still restricted.

Once again Russian police detained several dozen people at anti-Kremlin rallies in Moscow and St Petersburg on Monday as they tried to protest against limits to freedom of assembly.
A crowd of about 600 chanted “Freedom, Freedom!” heavily outnumbered by riot police, who dragged more than a dozen activists off to waiting buses after detaining them at a metro exit as they headed to the rally.

Rights activists and Kremlin opponents have staged demonstrations on the square on the last day of each month with 31 days, in a symbolic reference to the right to free assembly enshrined under Article 31 of Russia’s constitution.

In St Petersburg, police said they had detained about 60 people at a rally in the heart of city where protestors cried: “We demand freedom of speech, freedom of assembly and an end to censorship.”

Opposition leader Boris Nemtsov, who spent 15 days in jail after a New Year’s eve protest, rallied the Moscow crowd with calls for an end to Putin’s grip on power since he became president in 2000 and later prime minister.
Moscow authorities gave permission for 1,000 people to gather, but in the past police have beaten or detained demonstrators they accused of infractions at such rallies.

Posted in Russia | 1 Comment »

Russia Stop Terror And Let Chechnya Go – Many Former Soviet Republics Have Independence

Posted by Info on 31/01/2011

by Erin RowleyThe people of the North Caucasus are fed up with life as a conquered people, and who can blame them?
Many former Soviet Republics now have independence. And though their quality of life is not great yet, at least they have the knowledge that they are free.

People from the Caucasus are Rossiski — Russian citizens – but not Ruski — ethnic Russians – and as such, will never be viewed as “real Russians” by their white Russian neighbors, even though they’ve been part of the empire since the 1800s. People from this region have been actively seeking their independence since the collapse of the Soviet Union in the early ‘90s.

The Chechens, have fought two wars with Russia in the last 20 years and have been responsible for numerous terrorist attacks, including a 2004 attack on a school that ended in the deaths of more than 300 people, more than half of whom were children.
In a perfect world, these two groups could live in harmony. But the people of the North Caucasus won’t stop violently expressing their unhappiness until they’re independent, and the racial hatred white Russians feel toward them won’t stop until the violence stops.
People who blow up metro stations and airport terminals and kill children are not messing around. They won’t be placated, and they’re not worth holding onto, despite the plentiful natural resources their land provides for Russia.

It is not advocy for pacifying terrorists; advocay to let a proud people, who never gave up their old customs or their hope for freedom, determine their own lives for the first time in hundreds of years.

The era of a Russian empire that rules through terror is over, and Russia has proved that it can’t work out its problems with words. Russia should give up its unwinnable fight in the Caucasus.

By doing so, not only will it stop the terror and make its people safer, but it will be able to take the money and manpower being thrown away on this conflict and put it to good use.

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Russia: About Abduction Of brides In Chechen Republic

Posted by Info on 31/01/2011

On January 11, the president Ramzan Kadyrov harshly criticized local authorities and clergy. The reason was another fact of abduction of a girl by her bridegroom on December 28 in the village of Geldagan.
The local mullah, who blessed this marriage, were dismissed from their posts, while the groom was detained and is in custody.
The abduction became known to everyone in the district, but neither the local ROVD (District Interior Division) nor the head of the district took any operative actions. In other words, the local authorities just pretended that everything is OK in their district. Such excesses should be regarded as negligence of heads of administrations and ROVD bosses and absence of their control over the situation in their districts.”

“We profess Islam, the religion that condemns and doesn’t recognize a marriage concluded without the consent of the girl. We shall root out once and forever the tradition of bride abduction from the life of our society,” said Kadyrov.

A serious clash burst out between relatives of the bride and the groom, since the girl’s brother is a militiaman and he went to win her sister back from the kidnappers.
Some experts in the republic believe that it would be hardly possible to completely eradicate this tradition. Brides were abducted in Chechnya also during the USSR time, despite criminal prosecution and official bans.

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Кадыров: Клянусь Аллахом! Мы Даже Не Будем Детей Задерживать, Сажать, А Просто Убивать Их На Месте.

Posted by Info on 31/01/2011

Глава Чечни Рамзана Кадыров заявил, что в республике разработана эффективная программа противодействия вербовке молодежи исламистами через Интернет. Yспех в борьбе с идеологами радикального ислама в Чечне стал возможен благодаря идее привлечения сочувствующих и сторонников вооруженного подполья к прямому диалогу с группой исламских ученых через интернет. 15 духовных авторитетов в Чечне работают с молодежью. Для них закуплены компьютеры.

«Aнти-ваххабитская» тактика Рамзана Кадырова не ограничивается «интернет-диалогами». Вот выдержка из обращения Кадырова к родственникам участников радикального подполья в программе «Итоги» ТВ «Грозный» от 23 мая 2009 года: «Клянусь именем Аллаха! Ваххабиты и те, от кого есть хоть малейший запах ваххабизма будут уничтожаться в Чечне. Клянусь именем Аллаха, что дам жить на этой земле в Чечне только тем, кто приведёт своих детей домой. Они должны либо привести домой своих детей-ублюдков, чтобы их посадить, либо убить их. Если же не убьём, вам будет зло от этих детей. Клянусь Аллахом! Мы даже не будем их задерживать, сажать, а просто убивать их на месте. После этого не позволим произнести даже их имён».

Наблюдатели также обвиняют Рамзана Кадырова в массовых нарушениях прав женщин. По распоряжению Кадырова в Чечне введен дресс-код, согласно которому чеченки могут появляться в публичных местах и официальных заведениях только одетыми в соответствии с требованиями ислама. В 2010 году российские и иностранные СМИ сообщали о случаях уличных нападений на женщин без головного убора, которых обстреливали краской из ружей для пейнт-бола. По мнению правозащитников, глава Чечни потворствует публичному унижению женщин, ослушавшихся его указа.

Исламская тематика занимает значительную долю вещания чеченского государственного телеканала. В расписании зарубежных поездок Рамзана Кадырова доминируют визиты в страны арабского мира.
Пропаганда языка Корана, большое количество вновь открытых курсов арабского языка и поощрение обучения детей в специализированных медресе – еще один из аспектов религиозной программы Кадырова.

В этом, как и в вопросе дресс-кода и многих других деталях, исламская платформа главы Чечни мало чем отличается от платформы сторонников «Имарата Кавказ».
Чечня во главе с мусульманским лидером и живущая по исламским законам перестает быть объектом джихада. Y Рамзана Кадырова остается только одно серьезное препятствие – перестать преследовать этих самых братьев. При этом главным различием между «лесными» и «легальными» братьями становится не религиозная, а политическая платформа – первые воюют с Москвой, вторые лояльны к ней.

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