Human Rights Issues in Eurasia / Правовые Вопросы В Регионах Евразии

Archive for March 1st, 2011

Russian Human Rights Activist Nominated for 2011 Nobel Peace Prize

Posted by Info on 01/03/2011

Anti-secrecy website WikiLeaks, the Internet and a Russian human rights activist are among a record 241 nominations for the 2011 Nobel Peace Prize.
The Norwegian Nobel Committee said that the 2011 field includes 53 organizations and tops last year’s 237 nominees.

Known nominees also include Afghan rights advocate Sima Samar, the European Union, former German Chancellor Helmut Kohl, Cuban dissident Oswaldo Paya Sardinas, Russian rights group Memorial and its founder Svetlana Gannushkina.

Norwegian politician Snorre Valen says he’s put up Wikileaks for the honor :Wikileaks have contributed to the struggle for those very values globally, by exposing (among many other things) corruption, war crimes and torture.”

Lundestad would not be drawn on how the popular uprisings sweeping North Africa and the Middle East could influence the discreet five-member Nobel panel.
The Internet or social media such as Facebook and Twitter, which have been used to help organize dissent in countries with oppressive governments, could be rewarded.

The laureate or laureates will be announced in October. The prize, endowed by Swedish dynamite inventor Alfred Nobel, includes 10 million Swedish crowns ($1.58 million).
The criteria for the prizes were detailed in Alfred Nobel’s will in 1895. In it, he ordered a Peace Prize to go to “the person who shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses”.

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Patriarch Kirill Urges Russians To Stand Up For Their Rights

Posted by Info on 01/03/2011

The head of the Russian Orthodox Church urged ordinary people to defend their rights, not to be passive and keep waiting for something good to come.

“A real civil society cannot exist without people’s desire to make life around them better, to make a personal contribution to the effort to change the social situation,”
he said.

“People don’t understand why all housing tariffs are skyrocketing, (in some regions the rates neared 100% for three months) rising two- or threefold a year when relevant services are not provided,” Patriarch Kirill of Moscow and All Russia.
“I asked: how do you react to this outrage? People don’t know how to react. They are waiting for a good, smart boss to interfere in this process and help them.”

“No smart boss can cope with this task on a national scale unless the people themselves join the process and organize civil society institutions capable of defending their interests,” Patriarch Kirill said.

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Human Rights Issues Should Not Be Used For Political Pressure – Lavrov

Posted by Info on 01/03/2011

We can not allow the politicization of human rights issues or its use as a tool for political pressure, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said at the 16th session of the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva.

Attempts to divide states into good and bad, into students and examiners and to dissolve the interstate nature of the Council are counterproductive and can only damage multilateral cooperation.

Lavrov believes that the Human Rights Council should not elude difficult topics.

Lavrov added that the task to ensure the rights of national minorities needs particular attention “especially in the context of such shameful phenomenon as the chronic problem of statelessness in Latvia and Estonia.”
There are currently 350,000 non-citizens living in Latvia, which is 15.5% of the country’s population. In Estonia the figure consists 9% of the population, or 105,000 people.

Posted in Estonia, Latvia, Russia, UN | Leave a Comment »

Russia: New Law – Police Win Right to Close Internet Sites

Posted by Info on 01/03/2011

A new police law coming into force 1st March 2011 give officers the right to take down web sites without a court order.

While some insist that ANY change is long overdue; for others, it’s purely cosmetic.

“The very fact that there were so many accidents with police officers behaving illegally during the previous years in Russia, this very fact is not going to be changed by the law change, because these illegal practices contradict the previous legislations as well as the new one,evaluates Boris Kagarlitsky, director of the Institute of Globalization and Social Movements. “The big question is whether there is the political will to really take it under control.”

The police themselves though, are preparing for the changes to come.
Everyone will be tested. Physical abilities, knowledge of the new laws, civic duties – all those are included in the exams. There will be a 20 per cent cut in personnel, but the remaining officers will get a pay raise.

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Belarus Denies Reports Of Visit By Gaddafi Plane

Posted by Info on 01/03/2011

Allegedly people close to Gaddafi had made two trips to Belarus in his jet late last week.
Media reports speculated a flight could have been made to move some of Gaddafi’s family or belongings out of Libya.
But the Belarussian Foreign Ministry said there had been no such flight.

SIPRI, which conducts independent research on international security, armaments and disarmament cited sources as saying planes had carried military equipment from Belarus to Sebha airport in the south of Libya a couple of weeks ago.

SIPRI can confirm, based on our sources, aircraft landing in Libya carrying military equipment that come from Belarus, and that Gaddafi’s aircraft, his executive jet, has been flying from Libya to Belarus,” said SIPRI arms trafficking expert Hugh Griffiths.

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Закон О Полиции В России Вступил В Силу

Posted by Info on 01/03/2011

Первого марта российская милиция официально прекратила существование. На смену ей пришла полиция.
Дмитрий Медведев подписал семь дополнительных указов, регулирующих деятельность полиции.

Закон о полиции впервые в истории России обязывает стражей порядка разъяснять задержанному его право на юридическую помощь, услуги переводчика, на уведомление близких о том, что он задержан, а также право на отказ от дачи показаний.
Закреплено право задержанного на один телефонный звонок родственникам или иным близким лицам (это положение не распространяется на тех, кто скрывается от правосудия или бежал из мест заключения).
Новый закон прямо запрещает пытки, жестокое или унижающее человеческое достоинство обращение.
Полицейские могут проникать в жилые помещения без санкции суда и согласия собственника, только если гражданам угрожает опасность. В течение суток об этом должен быть информирован прокурор и хозяева помещения…сотрудник полиции имеет право беспрепятственно проникать в жилища “для установления обстоятельств совершения преступления”….

“Косметический закон, а нужны радикальные изменения”,
– сказала глава Московской Хельсинкской группы Людмила Алексеева. “Это скорее ребрендинг или фэйслифтинг, чем реформа. Задача полиции – собирать административную ренту, и от того, как они называются, их функции в нынешнем государстве не поменяются”.

Posted in Россия | Leave a Comment »