EURASIA LIFT

Human Rights Issues in Eurasia / Правовые Вопросы В Регионах Евразии

Archive for May 27th, 2011

Amnesty International and its “Prisoners of Conscience”

Posted by Info on 27/05/2011

Amnesty International, has declared Mikhail Khodorkovsky and Platon Lebedev “prisoners of conscience.” after the first statemen to refuse this label of “ prisoners of conscience”. What is going on in Amnesty international, Ms Nicola Duckworth?

The term “prisoner of conscience,” introduced 50 years ago by the founder of Amnesty International, British lawyer Peter Benenson, can only be applied to people persecuted for their convictions. However, Khodorkovsky and Lebedev have been sentenced not for their convictions but for economic crimes.
Complaints about procedural irregularities and other shortcomings of the Russian system of justice, which is indeed far from perfect, are common in Russia. You hear them from the lawyers and the advocates of nearly all defendants.
Russia’s justice system was sharply criticized during a recent hearing on the murder of lawyer and human rights activist Stanislav Markelov and Anastasia Baburova, a 25-year-old journalist who had been walking alongside Markelov. However, AI disregarded that criticism and said it was satisfied with the investigation.

AI’s stated goals are “to defend freedom of expression, to protect women’s rights, to abolish the death penalty, to demand justice for crimes against humanity and corporate accountability where companies have abused people’s rights.”
The organization is working hard toward these goals, but there is one drawback: in the 50 years since its founding, AI has grown into a global human rights network, and its size has become an obstacle to its work.
An organization with a general secretary, an international secretariat and a staff of 500 is a bureaucratic structure, and the purity and idealism of its initial designs inevitably succumb to red tape.
When an organization turns into a kind of a medieval order and becomes drunk on its own self-importance, the mentality of its staff changes. On the other hand, Amnesty International is like a trade union that does not accept new members easily.
As such, the status of a political prisoner or “prisoner of conscience,” which it confers at its discretion, sometimes looks like those Soviet-era allowances granted only to union members.

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Tajikistan: Growing Security Threat From Local And External Insurgencies

Posted by Info on 27/05/2011

Bishkek/Brussels, 24 May 2011 – International Crisis Group: report n. 205
Tajikistan, by most measures Central Asia’s poorest and most vulnerable state. After his security forces failed to bring warlords and a small group of young insurgents to heel in the eastern region of Rasht in 2010-2011, President Emomali Rakhmon did a deal to bring a temporary peace to the area. But he may soon face a tougher challenge from the resurgent Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU), a group with a vision of an Islamist caliphate that is fighting in Afghanistan alongside the Taliban.

That conflict is moving closer to the 1,400km Afghan-Tajik border. Many anti-government guerrillas operating in northern Afghanistan are of Central Asian origin and are largely affiliated with the IMU. Tajikistan has almost no capacity to tackle a dedicated insurgent force. A new generation of guerrillas is emerging, both within Tajikistan and in the IMU.

Tajiks studying in foreign Islamic institutions have been called home; the government is trying to control the content of Friday sermons and prevent young people from visiting mosques; it has also dismissed some clerics.
Jihadist groups, too, are paying more attention to Tajikistan. A small number of fighters from the North Caucasus have also been active in Tajikistan in recent years. Radicalisation by osmosis is growing: Tajikistan is gradually becoming part of the virtual jihad. Islamist websites are paying increasing attention to events in the country. Islamic militants in Tajikistan are adopting tactics already well known in other jihadist struggles, notably in the North Caucasus. A new generation of guerrillas is emerging, both within Tajikistan and in the IMU.
Tajiks studying in foreign Islamic institutions have been called home; the government is trying to control the content of Friday sermons and prevent young people from visiting mosques; it has also dismissed some clerics.

Jihadist groups, too, are paying more attention to Tajikistan. A small number of fighters from the North Caucasus have also been active in Tajikistan in recent years. In September 2010 the country witnessed what was described as its first suicide bombing. The northern border area of Isfara is developing the reputation of a safe haven for armed militants.

President Rakhmon denies that the North African scenario of popular unrest and revolt could happen in Tajikistan; despite the different circumstances, such confidence is questionable. Tajikistan is so vulnerable that a small, localised problem could quickly spiral into a threat to the regime’s existence.

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Россия: Дагестан залит Kровью идет Hеобъявленная Bойна.

Posted by Info on 27/05/2011

Противостояние между силовиками и вооруженным подпольем в этой северокавказской республике в последние дни стало особенно ожесточенным. Есть убитые и раненые. Oчевидно, что местная и федеральная власть не контролирует ситуацию в республике и не способна поддержать там мир. Де-факто в Дагестане идет необъявленная война.

22 мая в Хасавюрте был убит начальник отдела по делам несовершеннолетних городского ОВД майор Магомед Абдулхамидов, днем ранее, 21 мая на пересечении улицы Тотурбиева и Махачкалинского шоссе в Хасавюрте неизвестный киллер выстрелил в спину сотруднику патрульно-постовой службы. Полицейский был доставлен в больницу в тяжелом состоянии, где и скончался от ран.
26 мая в селе Нечаевка Кизилюртовского района Дагестана была обстреляна машина сотрудников полиции. В ходе завязавшейся перестрелки один боевик был убит, правоохранители не пострадали.

На момент написания этого материала в уже упомянутом Кизилюртовском районе шел бой. В селении Чонтаул в одном из частных домов была заблокированная группа боевиков численностью до пяти человек. По последним данным, от огня боевиков погиб один сотрудник полиции…

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