Human Rights Issues in Eurasia / Правовые Вопросы В Регионах Евразии

Archive for June 23rd, 2011

Duma Considers Law To Limit Influence Of European Court On Russia’s Legal System

Posted by Info on 23/06/2011

A draft bill states that Russian court decisions should be reconsidered following the European Court of Human Right rulings only if a specific law was unconstitutional.
The amendments to some laws and the Arbitration Code and Criminal Procedure Code were proposed by Aleksandr Torshin, the acting speaker of the parliament’s upper house, the Federation Council. The influence of the court in Strasbourg on the Russian legal system should be limited, he believes.

If the ECHR rules on Russian courts decisions, they should only be reconsidered if the laws on which they were based are recognized unconstitutional, Torshin said. The last word should belong to Russia’s Constitutional court. The State Duma may consider the draft bill until the end of the current session.

The speaker’s initiative is intended to limit the right of the European Court to interfere into the area of Russian jurisdiction. A proposal has been made to amend the law On the Constitutional Court by adding a provision stating that that international treaties do not supersede the Russian Constitution.

Torshin’s initiative could violate a number of provisions of international treaties that Russia has signed, Tamara Morshchakova, a retired judge of the Constitutional Court.

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Страсбургский Cуд Oсудил базу данных Pоссийской полиции

Posted by Info on 23/06/2011

Страсбургский суд по правам человека удовлетворил жалобу нижегородского правозащитника Сергея Шимоволоса, задержанного самарскими полицейскими на основании того, что он был внесен в базу данных МВД как потенциальный экстремист.

Суд также признал, что само существование подобной базы данных нарушает Европейскую конвенцию о защите прав человека. Российские правозащитники и эксперты называют эту базу “Сторожевой контроль”.
Полицейские, говорится в заключении суда, подозревали, что у него есть литература экстремистского характера, хотя правозащитник не имел при себе багажа.
Шимоволоса отпустили через 45 минут, не предъявив никаких обвинений и не найдя доказательств деятельности экстремистского характера.

Posted in Россия, EU | Leave a Comment »

EU Passes Belarus New Sanctions – Anger Is Growing

Posted by Info on 23/06/2011

The European Union passed a series of stringent sanctions against Belarus amid growing anger from the international community.
Foreign ministers meeting in Luxembourg agreed to a series of new sanctions against the regime, placing travel bans on key members of the judiciary and bringing in restrictions on three companies closely associated with Mr Lukashenko.

The opposition to widespread sanctions came from Italy and Latvia, two countries with substantial business interests in Belarus. In the end, however, diplomats opted for the fullest set if sanctions that were available to them.

It is now forbidden for any European country to trade with BelTechExport, the country’s main arms manufacturer, as well as Sport Pari, which runs the country’s lucrative lottery, and Private Unitary Enterprise a telecommunications company.

Western diplomats say Belarus earns more than £1.14bn annually in weapons sales, much of which goes into a secret fund controlled by the President. The vast majority of Belarusian arms sales, however, are to the developing world and it is unclear whether the new sanctions will have any effect on Mr Lukashenko’s ability to raise capital.

A number of officials behind the recent trials of pro-democracy activists have also been added to a travel ban list including Andrey Kazheunikau and Kiril Chubkavets, two public prosecutors who have brought cases against a number of anti-Lukashenko presidential candidates.
Liudmila Grachova, a judge who recently sentenced former presidential candidates Nikolai Statkevich and Dmitiri Uss, has also been handed a travel ban alongside Vladimir Peftiev, the country’s second richest man and a key economic advisor to Mr Lukashenko.More than one hundred officials and allies of the Belarusian president are already on the travel list.

Last week Belarus went to Russia and the International Monetary Fund to ask for a rescue loan of billions of dollars to help stave off a growing financial crisis. Both Russia and the IMF have called for large scale privatization of Belarusian state assets as a central part of any bailout arrangement. At the same time anger is growing in Moscow over the arrest of a number of Russian journalists inside Belarus.

Posted in Belarus, EU, Latvia, Russia | Leave a Comment »

Венецианская Kомиссия Призвала Молдову избрать Президента по Конституции

Posted by Info on 23/06/2011

Венецианская комиссия Совета Европы отвергла предложенный альянсом “За европейскую интеграцию” план по выходу из кризиса вокруг избрания президента через изменение конституционных норм простым органическим законом, принимаемым парламентским большинством.

В своем ответе на запрос Конституционного суда Молдовы, комиссия указала, что норма об избрании главы государства 3/5 голосов депутатов не может быть измена органическим законом.
“По мнению Венецианской комиссии, вопрос большинства, необходимого для избрания президента это основной вопрос, фундаментальный критерий законности выборов как таковых. Объяснение критерия дается Конституцией и органическим законом. Как таковой, он, как представляется, исходит из конституционных принципов, которые должны соблюдаться и в случае с этой новой ситуации (то есть организация новых выборов после провала попыток избрать президента), в соответствии с требованиями Конституционного суда и его решения от февраля 2011 года”.

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Russia: Journalist + Chief editor of Kolyma – TV station Killed

Posted by Info on 23/06/2011

The chief editor of the Kolyma + television companyAnatoly Bitkov was killed here overnight to Wednesday. The journalist was found dead in his flat.
Several murder theories are being investigated, including that related with Bitkov’s professional activities.

Anatoly Bitkov, 38, was a well-known journalist in the Magadan Region and has worked as the chief editor of the Kolyma+ television channel for the last few years. The journalist was an anchorman of news, journalist and analytical television programs.
The criminal experts are working at the murder scene. A criminal case was opened over murder. The investigation into the murder case is underway.

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