Human Rights Issues in Eurasia / Правовые Вопросы В Регионах Евразии

Archive for August 15th, 2011

Russia’s North Caucasus Become Byword For War, Destruction, Human Rights Abuses, Extrajudicial Killings, Corruption, Economic Collapse And Islamic Terrorism

Posted by Info on 15/08/2011

Last year, 754 people were killed in ongoing low-level hostilities — two a day on average.How did a predominantly rural, mountainous region of fewer than 10 million people degenerate so swiftly into chaos, misery, endless bloodshed, and religious and social polarization?

The struggle began when then Russian President Boris Yeltsin sent the Russian Army into Chechnya in December 1994 to “restore constitutional order.”In November 1990, General Dzhokhar Dudayev, had signed a sovereignty declaration. And for almost three years after the collapse of the USSR in December 1991, Chechnya indeed functioned independently of Moscow…
President Magomedov appealed repeatedly to young fighters to lay down their arms and return to peaceful civilian life. But only a few dozen have availed themselves of that offer, far fewer than continue to “head for the forest” to join the insurgents’ ranks. Ninety-six fighters were killed in Daghestan during the first six months of this year, compared with 53 in Kabardino-Balkaria and 27 in Chechnya. As Magomedov complained last month: “You kill two fighters and four more spring up to take their place.” more HERE

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Председатель Комитета Против Пыток Каляпин O Чечне

Posted by Info on 15/08/2011

Игорь Каляпин рассказывает, как в Чечне исчезают люди и почему местные власти не расследуют такие преступления.
Наша организация работает в пяти регионах страны. И везде мы занимаемся решением одной и той же проблемы: пытаемся заставить органы следствия должным образом расследовать преступления, совершенные милиционерами и другими силовиками.
Следователь, как правило, не заинтересован в том, чтобы привлекать таких виновных к ответственности, и он знает, как развалить дело, которое находится у него в производстве. Но и мы тоже — знаем. И везде, где только можно, ему мешаем. Мы придумали целую юридическую методику… нам очень часто удается дотаскивать дела до суда: на нашем счету 75 осужденных госслужащих (в основном, милиционеров), применявших незаконное насилие. В Чечне нам это иногда удавалось тоже — до тех пор, пока шла речь о военнослужащих федеральных сил, какие-то приговоры у нас были.

B Чечне, где давно не стреляют, продолжаются похищения людей. Сейчас приходят местные милиционеры известно, из каких подразделений, задерживают человека, уводят его из дома… И все — он исчезает. И вот из этих так называемых «кадыровских милиционеров», которые занимаются подобными вещами, за последние пять лет ни один не был привлечен к уголовной ответственности.

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Belarus: Lukashenko Pardoned Political Prisoners

Posted by Info on 15/08/2011

All nine participants of the December 19 protests in Minsk whom Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko recently pardoned, have been released from prison.
The list of paroled protesters does not include six former presidential candidates; they will continue serving their terms varying from two to five and half years in Belarusian colonies. One other presidential candidate, Ales Mihalevich, secretly left Belarus and received political asylum in the Czech Republic.

The charter of pardon of 9 persons was signed by Alyaksandr Lukashenka on August 11. “Such a decision had been adopted on the grounds of petitions for pardon of the above-mentioned persons, considering the fact that they had acknowledged the criminal character of their actions, admitted fault and repented sincerely,” the press-service of the president informed.

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Russian Village’s Self-Defense Underlines Failures of Police

Posted by Info on 15/08/2011

President Dmitri A. Medvedev recently ordered a revamp of the force — based on tests of competence and character — that is expected to reduce its size by about 200,000 officers, to just over a million nationwide. A pay increase is planned as a measure of reducing corruption.

But although corruption, inefficiency and sheer laziness can be factors in poor policing, a more fundamental issue makes significant reform unlikely, said Mr. Kosals of the Higher School of Economics. The underlying problem is that the security forces in Russia are structured to safeguard the social order rather than to protect and serve citizens.

Residents in the rural Russian village of Sagra, who had to band together to protect themselves from criminals in the absence of police protection.

Since then, Sagra has become a catchword for a spate of violence around the country in which people have banded together to defend themselves in the absence of police protection. “What’s going on in this country is that the government isn’t protecting anyone.”

Trust in the police is so low that only 40 percent of victims report their crimes whether they involve robbery or car theft or pickpocketing or more serious offenses.

In December, the symbol of local lawlessness was a village called Kushchevskaya, where a family of 12 was slaughtered by a gang that had ties to the police.

Aleksei Makarkin, vice president of the Center for Political Technologies:
“People understand that it’s safer for their personal careers to keep quiet than make a mistake that could damage their political futures. Society demands people who are capable of decisive actions in pursuit of noble aims, even if it’s not always strictly legal.”

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Russia Bars US Officials To Take Revenge Over Magnitsky Case

Posted by Info on 15/08/2011

Russia has drawn up a list of Americans who are banned from entering the country, in a response to a US move to blacklist dozens of Russian officials accused of involvement in the death of the lawyer Sergei Magnitsky.
As Moscow is furious at what it sees as pressure and interference in its internal affairs.

Sergey Ryabkov, Russia’s deputy foreign minister, told the respected daily Kommersant yesterday that Russia’s retaliatory list would include “people who cause problems in Russian-American relations”.
The exact names of the people on the Russian list have not been made public.

The original American list contains officials from the interior ministry and prosecutor’s office implicated in Mr Magnitsky’s death. He died in a Moscow prison in 2009 after being charged with helping the investment fund Hermitage Capital evade taxes. He denied the charges, and his supporters say they were trumped up by corrupt officials trying to cover up an enormous tax fraud that the lawyer had uncovered.

Labour MP Chris Bryant believes the Russian officials on the US blacklist should also be banned from the UK. “I have provided a list to the Home Office and strongly pushed that they should not allow any of these people visas to the UK”.

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