Human Rights Issues in Eurasia / Правовые Вопросы В Регионах Евразии

Archive for November, 2014

Ukraine: Referendums Calling for Independence From Ukraine

Posted by Info on 29/11/2014

Rebels in eastern Ukraine held their elections on Nov. 2, saying that the vote was the next step after local referendums in May calling for independence from Ukraine.

The European Union has imposed sanctions on the organizers this month, hitting the separatists and their organizations with asset freezes and travel bans.

The United States and European Union have denounced the vote as illegitimate, but Russia has said it would recognize the result.

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THE SEARCH – 2014 movie about Chechnya in 1999

Posted by Info on 28/11/2014

The Search is a 2014 French drama film directed by Michel Hazanavicius.

The film is about the second Chechen war in 1999.

Four destinies – four stories will lead us through  the war.
One little boy, after the murder of his parents, is running from his village and joining the flood of refugees. He later met Carole, the NGO project manager, who is taking care of him. Meanwhile, Raisa, his older sister,  is actively trying to find him.
And  Russian 20 years Kolya was enlisted in the army and becomes part of the daily war in Chechnya.

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Russia: Crimea – The Gravest Ethnic and Political Conflict

Posted by Info on 28/11/2014

Crimea is bound up with the fate of the Crimean Tatars.

The Crimean Tatars are the native inhabitants of Crimea. They had their own state, the Crimean Khanate, for more than 300 years from the middle of the 15th to the end of the 18th centuries. Catherine the Great then annexed Crimea to the Russian empire but the Tatars kept their culture, language and religion – Sunni Islam.

In 1944, Stalin ordered that all 191,000 of them, all 47,000 families, be exiled to Central Asia. In 1954, Khrushchev transferred Crimea from the Russian to the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, but in March  2014  Putin returned Crimea to Russia.

They are  now some 300,000 and make up around 13% of Crimea’s population. The Crimean Tatar community did not support union with Russia as they boycotted the referendum in March on joining Russia.

Mosques, schools, community centers, firms and private homes belonging to Tatars have been searched and raided by the Ministry of Internal Affairs (“anti-extremism” special branch), prosecutors and the Special Purpose Police, as well as so-called “self-defense forces”. The Crimean Tatars’ only independent television station, ATR, has come under heavy pressure and many activists, journalists and bloggers have been forced to leave Crimea.

The Tatars’ leaders, Mustafa Dzhemilev and Refat Chubarov, current head of the Mejlis, have been barred from entering their homeland for five years and are now living in Kiev against their will.

All these violations are set out in a report written by Nils Muižnieks, the Council of Europe’s Commissioner for Human Rights, who himself visited Crimea. He pays particular attention to the killing, abduction and disappearance of people in Crimea. Criminal investigations have been launched into the latter killings and abductions but neither the victims nor the perpetrators have yet been found.

Chubarov says that Moscow is now planning to repeat the “Chechen scenario” in Crimea, that is, to find a second Ramzan Kadyrov among the Crimean Tatars.

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Nearly 1,000 Killed During Ukraine Ceasefire Signed in September – With Abuses On Both Sides

Posted by Info on 25/11/2014

“The list of victims keeps growing. Civilians, including women, children, minorities and a range of vulnerable individuals and groups continue to suffer the consequences of the political stalemate in Ukraine,” the UN high commissioner for human rights, Zeid Ra’ad Zeid al-Hussein, said.

Friday marks the first anniversary of the start of the Maidan protests against Ukraine’s former pro-Kremlin government, which led to the conflict in the east.

In total, more than 4,300 combatants and civilians have been killed in eastern Ukraine since pro-Russia rebels seized border regions in April,  including  298 people who died in the downing of Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 in July.

The UN report detailed grave human rights abuses on both sides and highlights the huge number of people registered as displaced by the conflict, from 275,489 in mid-September to 466,829 on Wednesday.

The Kremlin denies western and Ukrainian accusations.

Nato said there have been about 400 intercepts of Russian military flights near its member countries this year, amid heightened tension between Moscow and the west over the crisis. Newer Nato members such as Poland and the Baltic states once ruled from Moscow have been deeply concerned by Russia’s actions in Ukraine.

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