Human Rights Issues in Eurasia / Правовые Вопросы В Регионах Евразии


Fighting human trafficking: 5 lessons from the field
By Carol Michaels O’Laughlin on 05 December 2012

Notre amie Androula a reçu des mains de l’Ambassadeur de France à Chypre une décoration française: il ne s’agit pas de la Légion d’Honneur; décoration napoléonienne souvent galvaudée, mais de l’Ordre du Mérite fondé en 1963 par le Général de Gaulle.
Cette remise de décoration s’est effectuée en présence de la Femme du Président de la République de Chypre, Mme Christofias, et du ministre de l’Intérieur, Mme Stavrou.


 “KETTEN IM KOPF” (“Chains in the mind”) by regisseur is Bela Battchany

TV documentary 60 minutes program about trafficking from  Ukraine and Moldova into Switzerland ( Zurich and Geneva)



STOP Trafficking of people – is an international humanitarian organization dedicated to fighting the traffic of human beings for use as involuntary sex workers.

1) We promote education programs to raise awareness, and to help prevent victims from falling prey to traffickers in their countries of origin.

2) We gather information on trafficking routes and locations, and use it to encourage local and national authorities to intervene to rescue victims and detain traffickers.

3) We assist the victims of trafficking from the moment of their rescue by providing comprehensive psychological and social support services, and by helping them to reintegrate into society in their native countries.

STOP is registered as a charity in the United States, in France and in the United Kingdom. All donations to STOP are tax deductible to the extent allowed by law.



The OSCE Special Representative and Co-ordinator for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings, Maria Grazia Giammarinaro:
“My thoughts go to the many people who have lost their freedom and control over their lives, to those people – mainly women and girls – who are forced into prostitution.. Human trafficking has no place in a civilized society. And yet trafficking is growing and has become a regular component of certain areas of the labour market, and a huge business for organized crime.”

Giammarinaro called on governments to improve anti-trafficking action and policy, and show consistency in effectively implementing a human rights-based approach and the adoption of a political agenda in which anti-trafficking action is a real priority. Border, immigration and law enforcement agencies should fully comply with protective obligations as soon as there is an indication that a person might have been trafficked. She stressed that governments should co-operate with NGOs and trade unions to support trafficked persons in recovery and social inclusion. The private sector should take responsibility to clean their supply chain and finally the international community should step up co-operation, especially in the field of prevention.

Police in Stockholm arrested six men allegedly involved in a sex-trafficking ring that exploited at least 20 Lithuanian women.
The men, who are all of Lithuanian origin, face human trafficking and aggravated pimping charges. They were arrested in a series of raids on apartments around Stockholm.


Un réseau de traite de femmes russes, dont les victimes étaient envoyées en Europe, où elles devaient se prostituer, a été démantelé par la police de la région de Kostroma (centre), ses organisateurs risquant jusqu’à huit ans de prison, a indiqué le comité d’enquête.

“Une habitante de Kostroma, âgée de 56 ans, a créé un groupe criminel spécialisé dans le trafic illégal de femmes vers l’étranger avec des (recruteurs) habitant à Moscou, Tambov et Belgorod (centre), Vladivostok et Nakhodka (Extrême orient)”, selon un communiqué publié sur le site du Comité.

Le groupe de neuf personnes, dont trois agents touristiques, “recrutait des jeunes femmes peu fortunées, notamment en publiant des annonces leur promettant un travail à l’étranger, en tant qu’entraîneuses dans des boîtes de nuit en Espagne, en Italie et en Grèce”, selon cette même source.

Mais une fois sur place, les jeunes femmes étaient “obligées de se prostituer pour rembourser les dépenses effectuées par leurs recruteurs” pour les envoyer en Europe, selon le texte.

De plus, de faux papiers d’identité leur étaient remis, ce qui les mettait “dans une situation de dépendance supplémentaire vis-à-vis des chefs des boîtes de nuit”.
Selon le Comité, qui indique avoir achevé son enquête, le groupe a gagné 80.000 euros entre 2004 et 2009, année où il a été démantelé.

Les membres du réseau encourent entre 3 et 8 ans de prison pour “trafic de personnes”, “fabrication de faux documents” et “passage illégal de la frontière”.
Les affaires de traite des femmes provenant de Russie et d’autres pays ex-soviétiques se sont multipliées après l’éclatement de l’URSS fin 1991.
Fin avril, un lieutenant-colonel des renseignements militaires russes et ses dix complices russes, moldaves et israéliens ont été condamnés à Moscou à des peines allant jusqu’à 19 ans de prison pour trafic de femmes en provenance d’ex-républiques soviétiques.

NEW BOOK: THE WHISTLEBLOWER by Kathryn Bolkovac with Karin Lyyn – UN Involvement In Bosnian Sex Trafficking
“The Whistleblower,” soon to be released as a film — sent repeated reports up the chain of command. Some investigations reached as high as the office for the UN special representative to Bosnia, Jacques Paul Klein. But time and again, her reports were ignored or summarily dismissed as “solved,” although the details of the “solution” were never shared with her.
…What Bolkovac had stumbled upon was a sex-trafficking ring, operated by the Serbian mafia and trading in girls from Ukraine, Moldova, and Romania, some as young as 12 years old.………..

Подполковник ГРУ получил за торговлю женщинами 12 лет
Группа обвиняемых по делу о похищении и продаже женщин в страны Европы и Ближнего Востока для занятий проституцией приговорена Московским окружным военным судом к тюремному заключению на сроки от пяти до 13 лет.
Среди осужденных – подполковник Главного разведывательного управления Генштаба РФ (ГРУ) Дмитрий Стрыканов. Он лишен звания и проведет в колонии строго режима 12 лет.
Всего по делу обвинялись 13 человек – шестеро россиян, пятеро граждан Молдовы и двое – Израиля. Суд вынес вердикт в отношении 11 из них. В марте присяжные Московского окружного военного суда признали 11 из них виновными, а двоих оправдали. Как выяснилось в ходе следствия и было доказано в суде, участники группы с 1999 по 2007 год переправили в Израиль, Италию, Испанию, Германию,и ряд других стран в общей сложности 129 женщин из Молдавии, Украины, Узбекистана, Белоруссии и России.

The settlement came as a High Court hearing was about to start into claims the department had violated her rights by returning her to Moldova in 2003. Mrs Cox said the victim had suffered severe sexual degradation and resulting psychiatric injury. She was very vulnerable and remained at significant risk of serious harm because the police had not been able to apprehend her traffickers.

The woman’s solicitor, Harriet Wistrich, of Birnberg Peirce and Partners, said the woman had been kidnapped at 14 and continuously trafficked for forced prostitution in Italy, Turkey, Hungary, Romania, Israel and the UK until she was 21.She was repeatedly beaten, raped, threatened with death, and treated as a slave.

In 2003, the woman was arrested in a London brothel by UK police and Home Office immigration officers and charged with possessing the false documents provided to her by her traffickers. She was imprisoned for three months then sent back to Moldova.
The lawyer said the woman’s trafficker was permitted to visit her in Holloway prison and Oakington detention centre, where he posed as her boyfriend in order to intimidate her.
In Moldova, she was found by her traffickers and savagely ill-treated before being re-trafficked for another two years.

“In 2007, after she had again been re-trafficked to the UK, she was arrested and detained again at Yarl’s Wood, before eventually being referred to the Poppy project, which identified her as a victim of sex trafficking and provided her with the necessary support to make an asylum claim.

“She was eventually granted refugee status in recognition of the fact that the Moldovan authorities could not offer her adequate protection against her traffickers.”

Home Office minister Damian Green Green said the “very disturbing case” showed why the UK’s approach to human trafficking had “significantly” changed since 2003.

“In recognition of the need to identify victims of trafficking, the UK ratified and brought into force the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking.

“We have also introduced a National Referral Mechanism to refer and identify victims of trafficking and established mandatory training for all frontline UKBA [UK Border Agency] staff on human trafficking awareness. In March we indicated that we will opt in into the EU Directive on Human Trafficking subject to Parliamentary scrutiny.


According to the 2010 U.S. State Department Trafficking in Persons Report, Moldova is a source country and at times a destination and transit country for people subject to forced labor and forced prostitution, while Russia is a source, transit and destination country for such individuals.
Recruiters often target women and girls from the lower rungs of the socioeconomic ladder, luring them with promises of jobs abroad in a bid to force them into sexual slavery.

Once arriving at their destination, which can be overseas or within their nation of origin, victims are held against their will and forced to provide sexual services for several clients per day, for which they receive no pay.
Resistance can result in severe beatings and other types of torture, and pimps and traffickers use threats against victims’ families to prevent them from escaping.
Victims can also be enslaved as laborers, working grueling hours in harsh conditions for no pay and often under the threat of violence.


Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and her Ukrainian counterpart have pledged increased efforts to combat human trafficking in Ukraine. In a recent report, the U.S. said Ukraine is increasingly becoming a destination country for victims of trafficking.

Secretary of State Clinton said the two countries are making progress on the issue.
“The recent repatriation from Ukraine to the United States of a trafficker accused of taking more than $1 million in profits from the women he exploited is just one way we are working to end this tragic worldwide blight.”

The U.S. ranked Ukraine as a second-tier country in its 2010 Trafficking in Persons Report. That ranking means the government in Kyiv does not fully comply with the minimum standards of U.S. law for eliminating trafficking.
The report describes Ukraine as a source, transit and destination country for men, women and children who are victims, specifically those of forced labor and forced prostitution.
the U.S. made recommendations for all evaluated countries on how to crack down on trafficking. Recommendations for Ukraine include harsher sentences for convicted traffickers, creating formal ways of identifying victims, and providing more funding and specialized services for victims.


….In response to a comment about the need for intelligence to break trafficking rings, Mr. Dapkiunas said that INTERPOL was a critical partner in the process. “We are looking for clever ideas, wherever they come from. We have to be open to everybody”, including citizens.

Regarding a definition for trafficking in humans, Mr. Abdelaziz said there was no definition, but there were resolutions, and they should address the phenomenon in all its aspects...


Judge Fausto Pocar addresses human trafficking in light of international criminal law, with a view to considering whether and to what extent it may be characterized, when certain conditions are met, as a crime against humanity. This conclusion may contribute to enhancing international cooperation in this area.

EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT : Stepping up the fight against people trafficking
Every year several hundred thousand people are believed to be trafficked into the EU or within the Union itself. To come to terms with this serious crime and gross violation of human rights, members of the Civil Liberties’ and Women’s Rights committees on 29 November backed an agreement with European governments on new tougher rules. The whole European Parliament will now debate and vote on these rules.

HUMAN TRAFFICKING & MODERN-DAY SLAVERY = women from MOLDOVA, UKRAINE, ALSO RUSSIA, GHEORGIA, KYRGYZSTAN, BELARUS…travel to Cyprus on artists visa….what is happening there? Do they only dance?

Cyprus is the third smallest of the 25 EU states, with a total population of 731,000in the part of the country controlled by the recognized government. The number of new asylum seekers making applications in the government-controlled part of Cyprus in 2004 (with December still to be counted) was 7,375. On a per capita basis, this would be the equivalent of 600,000 new applications in the United Kingdom or more than 800,000 in Germany.

So where are all these asylum seekers coming from? Is this the proverbial “invasion” beloved by right-wing politicians and tabloid newspapers? Are they really refugees? Why Cyprus? And how is it coping?

The answer is that the phenomenon is more the result of a strange migration quirk than a wave of new arrivals. Most of the asylum seekers in Cyprus are indeed misusing the system – but in a way that is more misguided than nefarious. Most of them were already in the country legally – at least initially – before they made their asylum claims and helped create a whole swathe of statistics that could very easily be misinterpreted.

The area administered by Turkish Cypriots is a destination for women originating from Eastern European countries and subjected to conditions of forced prostitution. Men and women are also reportedly subjected to conditions of forced labor. During the reporting period, the majority of the women who received “hostess” or “barmaid” work permits in the “TRNC” were from Moldova, and to a lesser extent Ukraine. A smaller number included women from Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Georgia, Belarus, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan….

In January 2010, the European Court of Human Rights found that Cyprus failed to adequately protect a trafficking victim from Russia who died in 2001 under suspicious circumstances.

Rantsev v. Cyprus and Russia (application no. 25965/04)

comment to case:
Although human trafficking is a widespread human rights violation, very few of its victims ever find their way to human rights courts or treaty bodies. This may change now that the European Court of Human Rights on 7 January issued a landark ruling in the case of Rantsev v. Cyprus and Russia. In a Chamber judgment both countries were found to have violated Article 4 of the European Convention on Human Rights, are rarely invoked provision that prohibits slavery and slavery-like practices.
Cyprus is involved in human trafficking both as a country of destination and transit. Foreign women are being blackmailed and forced to provide sexual services. They come from the Philippines, Russia, Moldova, Hungary, Ukraine, Greece, Vietnam, Uzbekistan and the Dominican Republic for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation.

Ms Oxana Rantseva arrived in 2001 at the age of 20 from Russia to Cyprus where she started work as an “artiste” in a cabaret. After three days she quit the job. Ten days later she was found dead in the street below an apartment where her cabaret manager was staying. It turned out that Ms Rantseva had been handed over to the man by the police. No one was prosecuted or punished.
Relying on Articles 2 (life), 3 (torture and inhuman treatment), 4 (slavery and related practices), 5 (liberty) and 8 (right to private and family life), the father of Ms Rantseva complained about the investigation into the circumstances of the death of his daughter, about the failure of the Cypriot police to take measures to protect her while she was still alive and about the failure of the Cypriot authorities to take steps to punish those responsible for her death and ill-treatment. He also complained under Articles 2 and 4 about the failure of the Russian authorities to investigate his daughter’s alleged trafficking and subsequent death and to take steps to protect her from the risk of trafficking. Finally, he complained under Article 6 of the Convention about the inquest proceedings and an alleged lack of access to court in Cyprus.

The judgment is particularly important because of the finding that both Cyprus and Russia had violated Article 4. The Court noted that, like slavery, trafficking in human beings, by its very nature and aim of exploitation, was based on the exercise of powers attaching to the right of ownership; it treated human beings as commodities to be bought and sold and put to forced labour; it implied close surveillance of the activities of victims, whose movements were often circumscribed; and it involved the use of violence and threats against victims. Accordingly the Court held that trafficking itself was prohibited by Article 4. It concluded that there had been a violation by Cyprus of its positive obligations arising under that Article on two counts: first, its failure to put in place an appropriate legal and administrative framework to combat trafficking as a result of the existing regime of artiste visas, and, second, the failure of the police to take operational measures to protect Ms Rantseva from trafficking, despite circumstances which had given rise to a credible suspicion that she might have been a victim of trafficking. There had also been a violation of this Article by Russia on account of its failure to investigate how and where Ms Rantseva had been recruited and, in particular, to take steps to identify those involved in Ms Rantseva’s recruitment or the methods of recruitment used.
Where the ruling by the European Court is weaker is the right to life issue. Cyprus was found to have violated Article 2 as a result of the failure of the Cypriot authorities to investigate effectively Ms Rantseva’s death. But the Court stopped there, and said that even if the police ought to have been aware that Ms Rantseva might have been a victim of trafficking, there were no indications that Ms Rantseva’s life was at real and immediate risk. The Court considered that the chain of events leading to Ms Rantseva’s death could not have been foreseeable to the police officers when they released her into the cabaret manager’s custody.
The Court ordered that Cyprus had to pay the family 40,000 euros in respect of non-pecuniary damage and EUR 3,150 for costs and expenses, and that Russia had to pay EUR 2,000 in respect of non-pecuniary damages.


It’s a dangerous life for those who try to help the young girls who are victims of human trafficking in the Balkans. This includes Mara Radovanovic who oversees a woman’s shelter in Bosnia.

Even 12-year-old girls from good families can end up forced into prostitution in Bosnia. First the pimps spy on a girl and figure out who in her family she loves the most. Then they tell her they’re going to kill that very person if she refuses to work as a prostitute for them. That’s according to Mara Radovanovic of the women’s organization LARA in Bosnia, which is now supported by the international organization CARE.

Other girls are drugged and then gang raped in motels. The perpetrators film everything and then threaten to put the video on the Internet. The fear of public humiliation silences the girls. Radovanovic told Deutsche Welle that even supposed “leaders” of Bosnian society are involved in these crimes…That was the case of one Roma girl in her shelter, who comes from a village near the eastern town of Srebrenica. “She was abused by teachers and the local police. Even the Bosnian security minister was involved.….more HERE

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