Human Rights Issues in Eurasia / Правовые Вопросы В Регионах Евразии

Archive for the ‘Moldova’ Category

Amnesty Report Notes Worldwide Abuses

Posted by Info on 23/05/2013

The findings were published on May 23 in Amnesty International’s annual report, “The State of the World’s Human Rights,” for 2012 and documents abuses in 159 countries and territories.

Amnesty International Secretary-General Salil Shetty: “Governments have been created to protect the rights of their citizens, but we then have governments who are actually doing exactly the opposite, who are actually violating the rights of their own citizens and people who are living inside their boundaries. So I think in this day and age the excuse of national sovereignty, that these are internal affairs, is simply not acceptable.”

The researchers say that there has been a suppression of freedom of expression to varying degrees in Azerbaijan, Armenia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan.

Kazakh authorities used “excessive force” to break up strikes and public protests by oil and gas workers in southwestern Kazakhstan from May through the end of 2012. Hundreds of employees were dismissed, dozens of protesters, trade unionists, and opposition activists were detained, and at least 16 people were killed during clashes between protesters and police in December 2011. The report also says refugees were forcibly returned to China and Uzbekistan, despite international protests.

Torture and ill-treatment remains widespread in Tajikistan while impunity for perpetrators continued. The assessment says independent monitoring bodies were given “no access to detention facilities.” It notes that children, elderly people, and witnesses in criminal cases endured torture that included “the use of electric shocks, boiling water, suffocation, beatings and burnings with cigarettes.”

Uzbekistan has restricted the freedom of expression because human rights campaigners and journalists are continually harassed. 10 journalists and human rights defenders remained imprisoned in “cruel, inhuman, and degrading conditions.”  The  suspected members of banned religious groups are a particular target of ill-treatment by Uzbek authorities.

That torture and other forms of ill-treatment of those suspected of criminal offenses remain widespread in Turkmenistan. It cites electric shocks, rape, and the forcible administration of psychotropic drugs among the methods employed by authorities against suspects. It said freedom of movement remained drastically restricted.

 In Russia, increased peaceful political protests have prompted “repression,” including restrictive new laws and the harassment of rights activists, journalists, and lawyers.  The number of apparently politically motivated verdicts is on the rise. The situation is said to be particularly bad in the volatile North Caucasus, where Amnesty says Russia often fails to properly investigate claims of abuses by law enforcement officials. The assessment says torture and ill-treatment of detainees remain a problem.

 Kyrgyz authorities were guilty of ethnic discrimination after deadly clashes between ethnic Uzbeks and Kyrgyz three years ago.

In Georgia the new government is dealing with a delicate political balancing act.

The Amnesty report calls on Belarus to abolish the death penalty, which it says has been carried out in a “cruel and inhuman” way. Executions are conducted in “utmost secrecy” with neither the condemned nor their relatives being informed in advance.

It criticizes Moldova for not doing enough to prevent discrimination based on sexual orientation. Moldova was also cited for a law mandating the chemical castration of violent child abusers.

Ukraine is plagued by failings in its criminal justice system and a lack of safeguards for detainees. The rights of homosexuals and transgenders are at risk because of pending legislation.


Posted in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan | Leave a Comment »

Freedom Of Speech Index for 2012

Posted by Info on 08/05/2013

Reporters Without Borders has published its annual Freedom of the Press Index for 2012:

Uzbekistan occupied 164th place out of 179 countries. From last year’s index Uzbekistan moved down seven notches which shows the deterioration of the situation journalists face in the country. Uzbekistan remained a nightmare for journalists. Dictatorship of President Islam Karimov controlled the Internet, pressured the media and punished independent journalists using courts.

It was a good news to hear, that The UNHCR in Kyrgyzstan granted refugee status to Uzbek journalist Elena Bondar. Pressure on Bondar – threatening phone calls and aggressive treatment by law enforcement officers – forced the young journalist to flee Uzbekistan and seek refugee status.

The worse situation is only in Turkmenistan with the regime of President Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov. Turkmenistan came 177th on the index, along with Eritrea and North Korea which came on the bottom of the index.

Kazachstan occupied 16oth, Tajikistan 123rd and   Kyrgyzstan 106th place.

Russia came 148th, falling six notches from last year which is explained by repressions and the suppression of protests after Vladimir Putin came to power.

Moldova, Armenia and Georgia fared the best coming 55th, 74th and 100th.

Íà÷àëñÿ ðàáî÷èé âèçèò ïðåçèäåíòà Ðîññèè â Òóðêìåíèþ

Personality cult in Turkmenistan. President Berdymukhamedov introduced minimal reforms but heaped honours upon himself. For his 50th birthday, he awarded himself the Watan (Motherland) Order, a gold and diamond pendant weighing about 1 kilogram for his “outstanding achievements” in his barely six months in office.

Posted in Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, UN, Uzbekistan | Leave a Comment »

Two Decades Since USSR Broke Up. What Happened To Soviet Countries?

Posted by Info on 23/10/2011

Twenty years on from the Soviet coup gave birth to 15 new states. Guardian data team mined statistics from sources ranging from the World Bank, the UNHCR, the UN Crime Trends Survey and the Happy Planet Index to compare the performance of the countries, combed through the OSCE’s reports on every election in each country since 1991 to see where democracy was taking hold – and where it was not wanted.


Democratic records are exemplary, but the countries sit surprisingly low on international measures for wellbeing and happiness.

Ukraine and Moldova sustained catastrophic economic contraction.. Belarus, under the autocratic rule of Alexander Lukashenko since 1994, suffered less. The troika has the weakest economic figures of all post-Soviet regions. Moldova has the best record of free and fair elections, BUT with return a communist (Vladimir Voronin) to power. Moldova also hosts to one of the post-Soviet space’s many frozen conflicts of the Transdniestr region Ukraine’s democratic turning point – the orange revolution of 2004 – rapidly gave way to paralysis and stalemate… In Belarus, Lukashenko has faced lengthy international isolation for crushing opposition and dissent.

Azerbaijan’s oil dividend makes it one of the strongest performing economies. Armenia and Georgia have both seen incipient growth through the 2000s rudely interrupted by the global recession of 2008/09. The frozen conflicts of Nagorno-Karabakh (Azerbaijan and Armenia) and Abkhazia (Georgia) ..Georgia and Russia has resulted in the only war between former Soviet republics (2008). Armenia suffers from the worst unemployment of all 15 republics, and democratic breakthroughs have been few – only Georgia has held free and fair elections.

A mixed economic story: Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan have expanded their economies more than 400 %. And although these are the happiest post-Soviet republics not one has held a genuinely free or fair election since 1990; central Asia is where elections are deferred or else won with 99 percent of the vote by dictators who lock up their opponents and even ban ballet and name a month of the year after their mother (Turkmenistan). Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan are not post-Soviet at all: they have simply stuck with the strongmen who led them out of the Soviet Union. Turkmenistan the leader died in 2006, while Tajikistan’s Emomali Rahmon has run his republic uncontested since 1992. Only in Kyrgyzstan Soviet-era leader Askar Akayev was ousted in 2005.

Russia has reversed its dramatic economic decline. .its life expectancy persisting below 70 on account of, among other factors, chronic problems with drug and alcohol abuse. Russia has the highest HIV rate (along with Ukraine), the highest homicide rate and the highest prison population of the former Soviet Union. Elections are once again foregone conclusions; governors, once elected, are now appointed. The ‘vertical’ of power centred on the Kremlin appears as strong as it was in Soviet times.

Posted in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, EU, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, UN, Uzbekistan | Leave a Comment »

Will Presidential Election In November Help for 2 Years Paralyzed Moldova?

Posted by Info on 22/10/2011

Moldova has set November 18 as the date for a presidential election in a fresh bid to end a leadership crisis which has paralyzed reform in one of Europe’s poorest countries for more than two years.
The election of a president is made by parliament, not by direct popular vote, and requires the support of at least 61 deputies.

Previousc attempts to elect a head of state was close with theruling Alliance which has only 59 seats, while the ommunist opposition, which has 42 seats.

The country has been without a full-time president since communist leader Vladimir Voronin stepped down in September 2009 after two consecutive terms in office.

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New Study on ‘Parliamentary Oversight Of Intelligence Agencies In Relevant EU Member States

Posted by Info on 03/10/2011

This study evaluates the oversight of national security and intelligence agencies by parliaments and specialised non-parliamentary oversight bodies, with a view to identifying good practices that can inform the European Parliament’s approach to strengthening the oversight of Europol, Eurojust, Frontex and, to a lesser extent, Sitcen. The study puts forward a series of detailed recommendations (including in the field of access to classified information) that are formulated on the basis of indepth assessments of:
(1) the current functions and powers of these four bodies;
(2) existing arrangements for the oversight of these bodies by the European Parliament, the Joint Supervisory Bodies and national parliaments; and
(3) the legal and institutional frameworks for parliamentary and specialised oversight of security and intelligence agencies in EU Member States and other major democracies.

This study focuses on Europol, Frontex and Eurojust as well as Sitcen. The role of these AFSJ bodies is to facilitate, coordinate and strengthen cooperation between national authorities with the aim of promoting security and justice within the EU.
Europol currently has operational agreements with Interpol. It has strategic agreements with Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Colombia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Moldova, Russia, Turkey, Serbia, Montenegro, Ukraine and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the World Customs Organisation.


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Romania , Bulgaria Denied Entry To Schengen Zone

Posted by Info on 23/09/2011

Romania and Bulgaria, the European Union’s two newest members, were denied entry into Europe’s borderless free-travel zone Thursday when EU interior ministers could not reach the necessary unanimity and decided not to hold a vote.

This is a big shock for all people from Moldova, who paid a lot of money to get their Romanian passports (as they have rights to hold Moldovian and also Romanian passports), thus a free access to Schengen countries.

The Netherlands and Finland had publicly opposed admitting Romania and Bulgaria, both of which joined the European Union in 2007, saying they needed to do more to fight corruption and organized crime. Within the Schengen free-travel zone, there are no checks performed or papers required when people cross national borders.

The French and Germans had proposed a compromise: drop border checks at airports and seaports in October, but continue them on land crossings until summer 2013, based on a report to be completed by July. But that was rejected.

The free movement of people has been one of the EU’s most cherished achievements. And the dispute over it comes just as the EU’s other most-cherished achievement, the euro common currency, is also under severe stress.

After the Dutch announced their opposition to Romania and Bulgaria joining, Romania began blocking all flower imports from the Netherlands, saying the paperwork was not in order and the plants might contain “dangerous bacteria.” Esther de Lange, a Dutch member of the European Parliament called the move “old-school blackmail.”

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Moldova: New Law Toughens Entry Rules For Foreigners

Posted by Info on 26/07/2011

The parliament of Moldova has approved the first reading of a law which toughens entry rules for foreigners.

At present, entry into Moldova is visa-free for citizens of CIS states; as Moldova prepares to enter the European Union, it has also recently abolished entry visas for EU citizens. However, the new law, if ratified, will oblige foreigners wishing to enter Moldova to present a letter of invitation, a hotel booking, or other documents at the request of customs officers, in order to confirm that they have are visiting on a short-term basis and with no intention to stay.

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CE Venice Commission About Moldova

Posted by Info on 24/06/2011

The Venice Commission of the Council of Europe made the conclusion that the Republic of Moldova should hold early parliamentary elections and give up the idea of organizing a constitutional referendum.

The Venice Commission is of the opinion that the Article on dissolution of Parliament applies to the situations set out in the Article on the election of the President, and that a dissolution of Parliament “can therefore not take place twice within one year, even if Parliament fails to elect the president twice. According to the Commission, the words “in the course of a year” should be interpreted as meaning one year, counting from the last dissolution of Parliament and not within one calendar year. This means that Parliament could be dissolved at the earliest on 16 June 2010. The Commission underlines that following this date, dissolution must take place within a reasonable timeframe”.

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ECHR: Moldova To Pay €15 000 To Prisoner For Torture

Posted by Info on 22/06/2011

The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has obliged the Government of Moldova to pay €15-thousand damage to a former prisoner for the use of torture against him in penitentiaries. Ipate case against Moldova.

In May 2006, he was under custody pending a trial in the Chisinau penitentiary #13, when a police officer demanded him to move to the cell #121. The petitioner refused, demanding explanations on the transfer. The officer and 2 prison guard representatives used force against him, beating him up with rubber truncheons and fists.

The claimant has repeatedly asked to be examined by medic, made complaints to prosecutor’s office, but in vain; national authorities refused to consider the complaint, considering it groundless.

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EC Venice Commission About Moldovan Constitution

Posted by Info on 21/06/2011

The three questions put by the Constitutional Court of Moldova to the Venice Commission
A) May Parliament be repeatedly dissolved due to the same reason: non-election of the President ?
17. Dissolution of Parliament is regulated by Article 85 of the Constitution. The latter provides for this possibility when:
“(1) an impossibility has been reached to form the Government;
(2) when a situation has been encountered whereby the passing of the new legislation has been deadlocked for three consecutive months;
(3) within forty five days from a first presidential request for a vote of confidence to form a new government a second such request has been rejected by the Parliament”.
B) Shall the procedure under Article 78 of the Constitution be applied after elections held due to a failure to elect the President ?
C) May Parliament develop by an organic law a mechanism which would institutionalize a procedure meant to ensure the election of the Head of State and would not admit repeated dissolution of the Parliament?

The Venice Commission is of the opinion that:
• Article 78§5 allows repeated dissolution of Parliament if it proves unable to elect the new President of the country;
• It is possible and even desirable, in order to facilitate the effective election of the new President, to clarify some procedural aspects of the election procedure through an organic law.

42. As to the substantive requirement of a three-fifths majority for the new elections…the Commission is of the opinion that the most appropriate solution is to amend the relevant constitutional provisions explicitly, in accordance with the provisions of Title VI of the Constitution or to find a political compromise within the Parliament itself on the appropriate presidential candidate.
43. It is up to the Constitutional Court of Moldova to decide whether it is justified, under the present circumstances in the country, which the Constitutional Court of Moldova has considered unique… more HERE

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In Moldova Electoral Commission Changed Results

Posted by Info on 07/06/2011

To determine a new mayor for Chisinau, a second round of elections will be needed, the Moldovan Central Election Commission wrote in its press release on Tuesday morning.

According only to the latest information the CEC has just distributed, none of the candidates appears to have exceeded the 50% mark in the June 5 elections needed for a victory. The opposition Communist Party candidate for Chisinau Mayor, Igor Dodon, won only 48.68%, or 4% less than yesterday, whereas the First Deputy Chairperson of the Liberal Party, incumbent Chisinau Mayor Dorin Chirtoaca – 46.1%, or over 3% more than only 24 hours before. The CEC says such are the results after the processing of 96% ballot-paper, including those cast in Chisinau’s 18 suburban communities.

since early morning yesterday and throughout Monday, Igor Dodon was leading confidently according to the CEC’s own reports, and the 8-10% gap between him and Chirtoaca was remaining practically from the beginning of the vote count on the Sunday/Monday night till Monday evening.

However, on Monday evening, after a several-hour-long pause in the counting work, the Chisinau constituency electoral board began processing ballot-papers in the suburban communities. And the situation started changing amazingly. In the communities, the voter turnout reached about 70 thousand people, which makes a considerable segment in the total Chisinau electorate of 350 thousand people who went to the polls on June 5.

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Car Blast in Moldovan Capital Chisinau Kills – Connection With Elections?

Posted by Info on 07/06/2011

Moldovan tennis federation chief Igor Turcan,38 has been killed in a car explosion near the federation headquarters in the capital, Chisinau when he was passing the parked car, a Lada, when it blew up and burst into flame.
The tennis chief died in hospital of wounds to his legs, stomach and head

The police were not ruling out the possibility that a bomb had been set off.

Mr Turcan had business interests in Moldova’s construction sector and also headed a campaign for an independent candidate, Mihai Godea, in last weekend’s election for Chisinau mayor.

“We find it strange that the car that exploded was parked near the office of the Moldovan tennis federation although it did not belong to any of our employees,” Ms Tauber, his deputy said.

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Moldova/Transdniestria: Journalist Ernest Vardanyan Pardoned

Posted by Info on 06/05/2011

The leader of the Transdniestrian region Igor Smirnov signed the pardoning order on the occasion of the World Press Freedom Day that is marked on May 3.

Ernest Vardanyan was arrested on April 7, 2010. The Moldovan authorities and international organizations repeatedly called on the administration of Transnistria to release the journalist and Ilie Cazac, a former employer of the Bender tax inspectorate who was sentenced to 14 years in jail on the same charges.

On December 17, 2010, the unconstitutional Transdniestrian authorities sentenced Ernest Vardanyan to 15 years behind bars for state treason and espionage for Moldova. The sentence was passed after over nine months in custody.

Transdniestria and Moldova: unloved, unresolved – read more HERE

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Human Trafficking On US Agenda For Trip To Moldova, Russia

Posted by Info on 09/03/2011

According to the 2010 U.S. State Department Trafficking in Persons Report, Moldova is a source country and at times a destination and transit country for people subject to forced labor and forced prostitution, while Russia is a source, transit and destination country for such individuals.

Recruiters often target women and girls from the lower rungs of the socioeconomic ladder, luring them with promises of jobs abroad in a bid to force them into sexual slavery.

Once arriving at their destination, which can be overseas or within their nation of origin, victims are held against their will and forced to provide sexual services for several clients per day, for which they receive no pay. Resistance can result in severe beatings and other types of torture, and pimps and traffickers use threats against victims’ families to prevent them from escaping.

Victims can also be enslaved as laborers, working grueling hours in harsh conditions for no pay and often under the threat of violence.

Forced labor cases have been seen in nations worldwide, including the United States, which is a source, transit and destination country for people subject to forced labor and forced prostitution.

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UK Halts Aid to Russia, Moldova, UN agencies

Posted by Info on 03/03/2011

Britain has slashed 16 countries including Russia and Moldova from the list of nations it gives financial aid to and said it would no longer fund four “irrelevant” UN aid organisations.

International Development Secretary Andrew Mitchell said the government was halting contributions to the four United Nations aid organisations because they “PERFORMED POORLY OR FAILED TO DEMONSTRATE RELEVANCE”.

He told parliament on Tuesday it was “no longer acceptable” for Britain to fund the UN Industrial Development Organisation, UN-Habitat, the International Labour Organisation, and the UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction. The cut in funding to the UN bodies is expected to save more than £50 million.

Mitchell confirmed that Britain’s bilateral programmes in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Moldova, Niger, Russia, Serbia etc. would come to an end.

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