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Human Rights Issues in Eurasia / Правовые Вопросы В Регионах Евразии

Archive for the ‘Moldova’ Category

Moldova: OSCE Active In Case Of Sentenced Transdniestrian

Posted by Info on 12/02/2011

The OSCE Chairperson-in-Office, Lithuanian Foreign Minister Audronius Ažubalis, said today that the Chairmanship is working and will continue to work actively in close co-operation with the OSCE Mission to Moldova through diplomatic channels on the case of Ilya Kazak, sentenced yesterday in Transdniestria on treason charges– and the related case of Ernest Vardanyan.

Ernest Vardanean, who before his arrest had been tapped for a job as a Moldovan representative at the United Nations, was shown on Transdniester television while imprisoned confessing to being a Moldovan spy. His family and friends have said the confession was made under pressure.

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PACE Names Nine States With Delays’ In Implementing Judgments Of EC

Posted by Info on 27/01/2011

The Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) in its adopted resolution, based on a report by Christos Pourgourides (Cyprus, EPP/CD), the Assembly said structural problems in Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Turkey and Ukraine were causing “extremely worrying delays” in implementing judgments of the European Court of Human Rights.

The main problems were deaths or ill-treatment caused by law-enforcement officials, unlawful or over-long detention, legal proceedings which take too long and court judgments which are not enforced.

Other states with outstanding problems include include Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzgovina, Georgia and Serbia.

In a separate resolution, based on a report by David Darchiashvili (Georgia, EPP/CD), the Assembly also denounced “blatant disregard” of the Court by some states which had ignored its clear instructions not to deport individuals who might be at risk of torture or ill-treatment. Such “interim measures”, usually involving failed asylum seekers or irregular migrants whose expulsion is imminent, are intended to give the Court time to consider their complaints. States should “fully comply with the letter and spirit” of these requests.

Posted in Armenia, Azerbaijan, EU, Georgia, Moldova, others, Poland, Russia, Turkey, Ukraine | Leave a Comment »

OSCE: Lithuanian Chairmanship’s Plans For 2011

Posted by Info on 17/01/2011

The OSCE Chairperson-in-Office, Lithuanian Foreign Minister Audronius Ažubalis would work to protect the Copenhagen principles and support the work of OSCE institutions in preserving the principles, which comprise wide-reaching commitments in the field of human rights.
This represents an essential element of ensuring comprehensive security and effectively addressing protracted conflicts and other challenges in the whole OSCE area, including Moldova and Georgia, as well as Kyrgyzstan. Tangible progress in addressing protracted conflicts is one of the priorities of Lithuania’s OSCE Chairmanship for 2011.
Ažubalis emphasized that OSCE institutions should intensify their engagement with Belarusian authorities and stimulate the government’s engagement with civil society.

Lithuania would advance human rights, including the safety of journalists, freedom of expression and pluralism in the new media in the whole OSCE area. He also emphasized the importance of education to promote tolerance.

Posted in Belarus, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia | Leave a Comment »

Uzbekistan + Russia Among Most Undemocratic Countries In EIU Index

Posted by Info on 27/12/2010

The Economist Intelligence Unit has presented its “The Democracy Index 2010: Democracy in Retreat” report, in which Uzbekistan occupied 164th place among the world’s most authoritarian regimes.

The EIU said that the world became less democratic in the review period. “The economic and financial crisis boosted some authoritarian regimes and accentuated existing negative political trends, most notably in Europe, both east and west.”

The report analysed the state of democracy in 167 countries on five key indicators: electoral process and pluralism, civil liberties, functioning of government, political participation and political culture.

Norway was named the most democratic country, followed by Iceland, Denmark, Sweden, New Zealand, Australia, Finland, Switzerland, Canada and The Netherlands. The USA and Britain came 17th and 19th respectively.

Russia came 107th behind Kyrgyzstan in 106th place in the group of hybrid regimes. Moldova (64th) and Ukraine (67th)
were listed in the group of flawed democracies, while Georgia (103rd) and Armenia (109th) were listed in the group of hybrid regimes.

All other CIS countries were listed in the group of authoritarian regimes: Belarus (130th), Kazakhstan (132nd), Azerbaijan (135th), Tajikistan (149th), Uzbekistan (164th) and Turkmenistan (165th).

Posted in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan | Leave a Comment »

EU Borders Will Stay Shut To Influx From Romania And Bulgaria

Posted by Info on 25/12/2010

Romania and Bulgaria are to be blocked from joining the EU’s borderless travel zone because of fears of an influx of organised criminals into western Europe.
The eastern European states hoped to enter the passport-free Schengen zone in March, which would allow the free movement of their citizens between 25 EU countries.

But France and Germany have urged the European Commission to postpone their inclusion indefinitely because of concerns about their failure to tackle corruption and organised crime since joining the EU three years ago.

Romania and Bulgaria have faced repeated criticism from the European Commission for their failure to deal with the problems. This has raised concerns about the countries’ ability to curb trafficking in people and drugs from eastern Europe to the west if they were allowed to join the Schengen zone.

Britain and Ireland are not in the Schengen zone and have separate entry requirements.

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Moldova – Transnistria: Journalist Ernest Vardanean Sentenced to 15 years

Posted by Info on 18/12/2010

Moldovan journalist Ernest Vardanean 34, went on trial for espionage in the separatist capital Tiraspol on 3th November. He was arrested on April 7 in Tiraspol on suspicion of spying for Moldova’s secret services. He was charged with high treason, a crime that carries a sentence of 12-20 years in prison in the self-styled Transdniester Republic.

Ernest Vardanean, who before his arrest had been tapped for a job as a Moldovan representative at the United Nations, was shown on Transdniester television while imprisoned confessing to being a Moldovan spy. His family and friends have said the confession was made under pressure.

On November 4, the family’s lawyer, Alexandru Postica was unable to travel to Tiraspol for “security reasons” and that the separatist authorities don’t recognize him as Vardanean’s legal representative. Irina Vardanean said the Tiraspol lawyer, who has been assigned to her husband’s case by the court, refused to talk to her after the court session because he said he was “busy.”

Browser RIA “New Region” Vardanean sentenced to 15 years in prison without confiscation of property to be served in the colony.
As the press service of the Ministry of State Security of the unrecognized Republic of Transnistria, the sentence was handed down on Dec. 16, 2010 Supreme Court of the region. The court found him guilty “in accordance with Art. 271 CC PMR” Treason, “and sentenced to 15 years in prison without confiscation of property to be served in the colony.

The Moldovan authorities have not responded to the imposition of a journalist in Tiraspol sentence.

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Wikileaks: Russia Can Solve Transnistria – Moldova Conflict In 1 Month

Posted by Info on 09/12/2010

Wikileaks has made public a document concerning the Transnistrian conflict. The document is dated November 2008. The author of the document is the US Ambassador in Berlin, Philip Murphy.

The Ambassador recommended to permit to Russia to organize the OSCE summit, with the condition that Russia will solve Moldova’s Transnistria conflict. Mr. Heusgen, has also mentioned that Russia can solve the Transnistrian conflict in one month.

Recently, the Russian minister of foreign affairs Serghei Lavrov mentioned the official position of Russia, that the Russian troops will not be retreated from the Moldovan region of Transnistria. The motive mentioned by the minister is that “the situation in the region has been changed”.

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Despite Majority Won At Moldovan Polls President Cannot Be Elected

Posted by Info on 29/11/2010

In last Sunday’s elections a majority vote won by the parties belonging to the Alliance for European Integration has proved not enough to elect the president. Like in the previous election the majority will have to come to terms with the opposition party of communists.

After 95.4 percent of votes were counted, the Moldovan Communist party leads in the election with 40.5 percent of votes in its support. It is followed by the Liberal Democratic Party which collected 28.7 percent of votes, the Democratic Party with 12.9 percent of votes and the Liberal party which collected 9.3 percent of votes, the Central Election Commission said.

The rest of the parties which contested parliamentary seats failed to pass the necessary four-percent election barrier. The votes won by these parties will be equally divided between the winners.

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West Should Offer Mentorship In Good Governance To Whoever Wins Sunday’s Election In Moldova

Posted by Info on 23/11/2010

Next Sunday, Europe’s poorest country will head to the polls for its third election in two years.
The elections could trigger an ersatz popular revolution, thanks to an impatient young generation, eager for the economic benefits of EU membership.

This is a country where the Communist Party could prove democracy’s greatest hope—and pro-Western youth its greatest threat. In April 2009, mobs of young protesters stormed the Parliament building, chanting anticommunist slogans and waving EU flags. They could do it again this Sunday if things don’t go their way.
These protesters may be looking to Europe, but don’t call them democrats. The elections they rioted against were declared free and fair by international observers.

Moldova’s liberal forces, now in power, have perhaps the hardest slog. Supporters are split between two major leaders: Vlad Filat, the prime minister, and Mihai Ghimpu, the country’s acting president. Their feuding has been an asset to the communists in the past. It could become an additional liability for establishing democratic legitimacy through governance.

That leaves an unlikely champion for Western values: Vladimir Voronin, Europe’s first electable communist since the fall of the U.S.S.R, held the Moldovan presidency for eight years straight until they lost in late 2009. While maintaining the Kremlin’s favor, Voronin proved himself to the West by saying yes to trade and a firm no to Russian-backed separatists. In fact, the blessings of Moscow should be another plus for Europeans. Georgia became unstable thanks to Russia’s perception of Mikheil Saakashvili as a satellite threat. Germans thought twice about supporting Ukrainian independence after Viktor Yushchenko’s friction with Moscow shut off Ukraine’s gas-transit pipelines.
The Moldovan communists could evolve into garden-type social democrats. No matter who comes to power Sunday, Moldova may not soon resemble a worker’s paradise.

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The UN Human Rights Council Report Card: 2009-2010

Posted by Info on 22/11/2010

Freedom house – special report 2009 – 2010

Posted in Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, UN, Uzbekistan | Leave a Comment »

Moldova: Obstacle For Cooperation Between Transnistria And Germany

Posted by Info on 18/11/2010

Diplomatic Europeans avoid criticizing the left bank of Dniestr =Transistria’s regime except subtle indications regarding the schools and free traveling of people. Still the German consulate in Chisinau refused to open visas for students from the Transnistrian region who had only “separatist” identity cards. However, the “supreme authorities” having right to travel in the European Union freely,the most part of the region’s population that is reducing with time can travel through Europe only with documents provided by the Moldovan constitutional authorities or with passports issues by tireless Ukraine and Russia.
Brussels extended the right of traveling through the EU for separatist leaders once again for six months.

Traveling through the Schengen area stipulates strict measures aimed to prevent or restrict entry of non-European suspicious citizens. Circulation of unrecognized documents which are constantly produced and issued by the Tiraspol administration creates a favorable ground for the increase in the number of people from the left bank refused by the Western consulates’ chancelleries. Permanent users of Russian and Ukrainian authorities’ patience, the separatists’ leaders taught the controlled population to the exigent behavior as well.
Still diplomatic Europeans avoid criticizing the left bank regime except subtle indications regarding the schools and free traveling of people.
The result is that those persons, who are not allow to travel, ask for Ukrainian or Russian passports at the relevant consulates.
On the other hand person living in Moldova ask for Romania passport to have free access to Europe as Romania is part of European Union.
Who after that stays in Moldova?

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Moldovan Journalist On Trial For Espionage In Tiraspol

Posted by Info on 04/11/2010

Moldovan journalist Ernest Vardanean 34, went on trial for espionage in the separatist capital Tiraspol on 3th November. He was arrested on April 7 in Tiraspol on suspicion of spying for Moldova’s secret services. He was charged with high treason, a crime that carries a sentence of 12-20 years in prison in the self-styled Transdniester Republic.

Ernest Vardanean, who before his arrest had been tapped for a job as a Moldovan representative at the United Nations, was shown on Transdniester television while imprisoned confessing to being a Moldovan spy. His family and friends have said the confession was made under pressure.

On November 4, the family’s lawyer, Alexandru Postica was unable to travel to Tiraspol for “security reasons” and that the separatist authorities don’t recognize him as Vardanean’s legal representative. Irina Vardanean said the Tiraspol lawyer, who has been assigned to her husband’s case by the court, refused to talk to her after the court session because he said he was “busy.”

Posted in Moldova | Leave a Comment »

Merkel Challenging Russia to Fix Frozen Feud In Transdniestria

Posted by Info on 29/10/2010

If Russia is interested in cooperating with Europe, especially on security issues, then it should contribute by helping to resolve the long-running conflict in Transnistria, said Mrs. Merkel.

Transnistria is a narrow swath of territory that legally is part of Moldova, a poor country bordering Romania. Since the early 1990s, with the support of Moscow, a nationalist, pro-Russian separatist movement in Transnistria has been trying to break away from Moldova
.

Until Mrs. Merkel broached the issue with Russia, Europe had all but forgotten about this frozen conflict, even though it is on Europe’s doorstep. Brussels left it largely up to the 56-member Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe to try to mediate, but to little avail.

Apart from more than 1,100 Russian troops based in Transnistria, the separatist movement has its own soldiers who speak Russian and whose uniforms bear insignias in Cyrillic — unlike the rest of Moldova, which has a Latin script and whose citizens speak Romanian.

There is also a heavily guarded crossing dividing Transnistria and Moldova proper that prevents free passage of people and goods between both parts of this country of 3.9 million.

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Russia In Moldova -Moscow Sends Mixed Signals On Transdniester Settlement

Posted by Info on 28/10/2010

Russian President Dmitry Medvedev raised hopes that after years of gridlock a breakthrough might be possible in the decades-old conflict between Moldova’s central government in Chisinau and its pro-Moscow breakaway region.

Medvedev made his comments following a summit meeting with German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Nicolas Sarkozy on October 19.
As soon as the necessary electoral procedures have taken place. I believe we have a good chance to restart the process and achieve results. Russia will support this.“But I want to draw attention to the fact that the success of this depends not only on Russia but also on the position of Moldova itself. That is the main issue. It depends on the position of Transdniester and of Romania and on the position of the EU. Everyone must play their part.”What does he mean?

Moscow has consistently backed Transdniester economically, militarily, and politically, although it never recognized its independence, as it did with two other separatist regions — South Ossetia and Abkhazia — after the Russian-Georgian war of August 2008.

The inclusion of the EU and the United States as observers did little to push forward the stalled talks between Chisinau and Tiraspol. A rare three-way meeting between Medvedev, Transdniestrian leader Igor Smirnov, and Moldova’s Communist President Vladimir Voronin in March 2009 in Russia was little more than a photo op.

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UNICEF: Voices Of Moldovan Prisoners – In One Minute VIDEO

Posted by Info on 28/10/2010

Several young prison inmates in Moldova have produced one-minute films in which they share their experiences, fears, and hopes for a better future. The teenagers, all detained at Lipcani prison, took part in a UNICEF-sponsored program called oneminutesjr, during which they learned to tell their personal stories and shoot and edit video.

Children and teens from around the world have participated in the initiative, which aims to give underprivileged or marginalized young people the opportunity to express themselves and share their ideas. Moldova’s Justice Ministry and Department of Penitentiary Institutions brought the project to the juvenile detention center in Lipcani as part of measures to promote rehabilitation and social inclusion.

VIDEO here

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