Human Rights Issues in Eurasia / Правовые Вопросы В Регионах Евразии

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CSTO To Compile Register Of Terrorist And Extremist Organizations

Posted by Info on 08/03/2011

The Collective Security Treaty Organization (or the “O-De-Ke-Be” in Russian) consisting of the countries like Armenia, Belarus, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, is going to create a common register of terrorist and extremist organizations that pose a threat to security in the region and thus are designated as illegal.

The idea implies that any “terrorist” organization that has been officially designated as such, for instance, in the territory of the Russian Federation, shall fall under the same category in all member-states of the Organization and therefore be subject to persecution in accordance with the existing national legislation. In the meantime, representatives of criminal communities persecuted in one of the member-states are often able to seek an asylum in neighboring countries and stay free away from prosecution or indictment.

The CSTO pays a special attention to the problem of illegal drug-traffic and therefore plans to create a “Center to combat the drug traffic” in Kyrgyzstan. The Drug Control Agency is currently working on the respective proposals.

CSTO is not considering the creation of a new military base in the south of Kyrgyzstan in spite of a preliminary agreement regarding the creation of another Russian military base that was made on August 1, 2009 by the president D. Medvedev and the former Kyrgyz president K. Bakiev.


Posted in Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan | Leave a Comment »

Tajik Authorities Introduce Limits on Marriages with Foreigners

Posted by Info on 27/01/2011

The Lower Chamber of the Tajik parliament introduced pertaining amendments to the legislation at a session on 26 January 2011.

Marriages with foreigners are permitted only in case when the foreign spouse has lived in Tajikistan for at least one year. Also, the foreign spouses must procure housing for their Tajik spouses in Tajikistan. It is also obligatory for new couples to sign a marriage contract.

Some 2,000 Tajik nationals married foreigners last year, but almost 600 couples no longer live together.
These amendments are necessary because when such marriages dissolve, upbringing of and providing for children in such families become a burden on the state. We already have numerous cases of this kind.”

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Tajik Hizb Ut-Tahrir Leader Sentenced To 18 Years

Posted by Info on 25/01/2011

The Tajik government banned Hizb ut-Tahrir in 2001. The group was arrested last year.
The leader of the banned Hizb ut-Tahrir movement in Tajikistan, Yusuf Khafizov, has been sentenced to 18 years in prison.
Seven other active members of the pan-Islamic movement received prison terms ranging between six and 17 years.
The defendants were all found guilty of inciting ethnic and religious hatred and attempting to overthrow the government.

Lawyers and relatives of the convicted men say they plan to appeal their cases.
One of the defendants’ relatives, Ulmas Boiboboev, told RFE/RL that the group’s plan was to build an Islamic state but only through political means and without using violence.

A wide-ranging crackdown on religious freedom is underway, with authorities closing mosques and harassing men with beards.
During the first 10 days of January, officials in the Tajik capital Dushanbe closed a mosque every day, local media outlets reported. Officials contend the mosques failed to register in accordance with legislation adopted in 2009. But imams insist that they tried to go through the registration process only to have their applications rejected for unspecified reasons.

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Security Services Aware Of Terrorists Attack On Moscow Airpor In Advance

Posted by Info on 25/01/2011

A law enforcement source said that the security services were aware that terrorists were planning an attack on a Moscow airport, but were unable to locate and detain the three suspects they had been searching for.

A spokesman for Russia’s national anti-terrorism committee (NAC) said earlier on Tuesday that insufficient security measures in Moscow’s Domodedovo Airport are to blame for Monday’s deadly blast.
The source said that security and police at the arrival hall of the airport did not pay enough attention at unauthorized persons and strangers in the area. The work of police and security at Domodedovo International Airport will be checked.

Two terrorists were involved in a suicide bomb attack at Moscow’s Domodedovo International Airport that killed 35 and injured up to 180.
“The blast occurred when a suspected female terrorist opened a bag. She was accompanied by a man whose head was ripped off by the explosion. It cannot be ruled out that the terrorists wanted to leave the explosive device in the hall but the bomb was detonated inadvertently or by a remote control device,” the source saide said.

At least six foreigners have been identified among the 35 confirmed dead.
Two British citizens, one German and three central Asians from Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan were among those killed when a suicide bomber blew up the arrivals area of Russia’s busiest airport at 4:30 on Monday afternoon.
A further eight foreigners remained in hospital on Tuesday morning, with 87 people in total still undergoing treatment.

Posted in Kyrgyzstan, others, Russia, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan | 1 Comment »

2009 Convention Against Terrorism of Shanghai Cooperation Organization

Posted by Info on 13/01/2011

Unofficial translation of the 2009 Convention Against Terrorism of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) based on the original Russian presented to the State Duma in 2010 termonilogy Art 2

The member states of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization,
are deeply concerned by the escalation of terrorism……
guided by the goals and principles of the United Nations Charter….
recognizing that the offenses covered by the present Convention cannot be justified under any circumstances, and that the physical and juridical persons responsible for committing such acts and (or) that are complicit in their commission must be prosecuted under the law,
considering the changes that have occurred in the support for terrorism and in the scale and nature of terrorist acts, and the importance of promoting cooperation,
Realizing the necessity of increasing efforts against terrorism and re-affirming that all measures in preventing and combating terrorism should be undertaken subject to the supremacy of law, democratic values, fundamental human rights and freedoms, and norms of international law,
rRecognizing that only through joint efforts can effective prevention and combating of terrorism be achieved, have agreed as follows:

ART 2.
1. For the purposes of the present Convention the terms and concepts employed in it shall mean:
1) “Party” – a state party to this Convention;
2) “terrorism” – an ideology of violence and a practice of influencing decision-making by the authorities or international organizations through the commission of or the threat of committing violent and (or) other criminal acts connected with intimidating a population and aimed at causing damage to the person, to society, and to the state;
3) “terrorist act” – an act connected with intimidating a population and creating a danger to human life and health that is intended to cause significant property damage, an ecological disaster, or other serious consequences in order to achieve political, religious, ideological, or other ends by influencing decision-making by the authorities or international organizations, or the threat of committing such acts;
4) “terrorist organization”:
a) a criminal group, unlawful armed unit, gang, or criminal society created to commit offenses and (or) that commits offenses covered by the present Convention;
b) a juridical person in whose name, at whose direction, or in whose interests one of the offenses covered by the present Convention is planned, organized, prepared for, or committed;
5) “juridical person” – an organization created in and that acts in the manner established by the national legislation of the Parties.

Article 8
Taking into account the fundamental principles of its legal system, each Party shall take necessary legislative and other countermeasures against the financing of terrorism which include, in particular:
1) registration of data on clients and financial operations, and the preservation of this information;
2) providing information to authorized agencies of the Party regarding suspicious and economically illogical operations and transactions;
3) suspending financial operations having an illegal, suspicious, or economically illogical nature at the direction of law enforcement or other agencies designated by the Party;
4) providing information and documents at the request of a court, procuracy agencies, preliminary investigation agencies, or other authorized agencies of a Party.

Art 11
3. When a Party which makes extradition conditional on the existence of a treaty receives a request for extradition from another Party with which it has no extradition treaty, the requested Party shall consider the present Convention as a legal basis for extradition in connection with the offenses covered by the present Convention. Extradition shall be subject to the other conditions provided by the law of the requested State.
4. Parties that do not make extradition conditional on the existence of a treaty shall consider offenses covered by the present Convention as extraditable offenses between themselves, subject to the other conditions provided for by the legislation of the requested Party.

Posted in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, SCO, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan | Leave a Comment »

Russia Supports India To Join SCO As India Is On UN Security Council

Posted by Info on 02/01/2011

Russia expressed its support to India becoming a full member of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, and vowed to seek closer coordination over Afghanistan.

THEREFORE Russia also reiterated its support to India’s bid for a permanent seat in an expanded United Nations Security Council.

Hardeep Singh Puri, New Delhi’s top diplomat to the world body has said: “One of our major pre-occupation is the issue of terrorism. I expect that in the coming months we would have to address that issue through the work of the Council.

As such India will prepare a key role in the two counter terrorism committees of the Security Council – the 1267 and 1373 committee.

1267 is the Security Council Sanctions Committee concerning al-Qaida and the Taliban and individuals and entities associated with those organisations.
1373 is the Security Council Committee concerning counter-terrorism and its financing.

“You can expect India to play a very active role in that. This committee deals with issues like building capacities, normative rules dealing with counter-terrorism and dealing with India that is a major area of interest.”

Posted in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, SCO, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, UN, Uzbekistan | 1 Comment »

Uzbekistan + Russia Among Most Undemocratic Countries In EIU Index

Posted by Info on 27/12/2010

The Economist Intelligence Unit has presented its “The Democracy Index 2010: Democracy in Retreat” report, in which Uzbekistan occupied 164th place among the world’s most authoritarian regimes.

The EIU said that the world became less democratic in the review period. “The economic and financial crisis boosted some authoritarian regimes and accentuated existing negative political trends, most notably in Europe, both east and west.”

The report analysed the state of democracy in 167 countries on five key indicators: electoral process and pluralism, civil liberties, functioning of government, political participation and political culture.

Norway was named the most democratic country, followed by Iceland, Denmark, Sweden, New Zealand, Australia, Finland, Switzerland, Canada and The Netherlands. The USA and Britain came 17th and 19th respectively.

Russia came 107th behind Kyrgyzstan in 106th place in the group of hybrid regimes. Moldova (64th) and Ukraine (67th)
were listed in the group of flawed democracies, while Georgia (103rd) and Armenia (109th) were listed in the group of hybrid regimes.

All other CIS countries were listed in the group of authoritarian regimes: Belarus (130th), Kazakhstan (132nd), Azerbaijan (135th), Tajikistan (149th), Uzbekistan (164th) and Turkmenistan (165th).

Posted in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan | Leave a Comment »

Tajik Terrorist Arrested In Russia

Posted by Info on 09/12/2010

Abdulvosit Latipov, who reportedly carried out at least 25 terror attacks in Tajikistan and masterminded other crimes, including kidnapping the deputy chair of the Tajik Central Bank in the 1990s, has been arrested in Russia. His gang is believed to be responsible for at least 43 murders. Among their victims were a general prosecutor, a minister, police and Russian soldiers who served as border guards.

The gang headed by Latipov is said to have been trained by Al Qaeda instructors in camps near the Afghan-Pakistani border. Even after 1998, when the civil war was over and the new government announced an amnesty for those who fought, Latipov’s gang reportedly did not lay down arms and continued committing crimes. In 2001, they were tried in absentia and put on the international wanted list.
Latipov and his followers fled the Central Asian nation in 2004 and used fake IDs to settle in Russia. in the Chelyabinsk region of the Urals. Police have managed to identify and arrest several gang members.

After Latipov is stripped of his Russian citizenship, he will be extradited to Tajikistan, according to the Federal Security Service.

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Department For Fight Against Extremism And Terrorism =2 Groups Of “Extremists”

Posted by Info on 06/12/2010

Tajikistan: The Interior Ministry’s Department for the Fight against Extremism and Terrorism said some of the several dozen Hizb ut-Tahrir supporters detained this autumn have already served time for extremist activities.
“We can divide the detainees into two groups: those who have already been imprisoned for extremism and … those who have landed here for the first time — mostly teenagers, who are only found with extremist literature and almost never weapons.”
Repeat arrests for religious extremism are fairly common,” an investigator of the Prosecutor’s Office, who requested anonymity for security reasons, said.

The problem is that some former extremists say they have repented and are set free.
Tajikistan’s anti-terrorist agencies are currently discussing the issue. “Neighbouring Uzbekistan, for example, has the practice of keeping suspected extremists or former extremists who have been freed under surveillance. This has helped them avoid many problems. It is possible that Tajikistan will use the same practice.”
“There are many cases where young people and teenagers do not even know that Hizb ut-Tahrir is a banned organisation.”

Askerov, defender said that his client was offered money to pass out Hizb ut-Tahrir leaflets and papers. “They were written in Russian and Arabic, but my client only reads Tajik. He did not even know what it was about. He just needed the money.”
It is no rare occurrence for parents who work in Russia to leave their children with grandparents, who sometimes are simply physically unable to control them, Sharipov said. “So, the young people end up in various organisations.”

“Due to economic reasons, the country has significantly reduced the number of sports schools, classes and organisations that are supposed to work with children. Those that remain do not all work with children for free. It turns out that now young people can only go to the mosque for free,
” she said.
“Repressive methods alone will not fix the situation. Some young people allow extremist organisations to recruit them out of pure ignorance and most likely under these experienced wolves’ psychological pressure,” said Bobojon Ikromov, the chief editor of Varorud.
The ministry might consider religious programmes that “will offer young people a positive way of thinking.”

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European Court Obliged Russia To Pay 22 000 Euros to Tajik

Posted by Info on 22/10/2010

The European Court of Human Rights decided on “Abdurazok Gaforov against Russia” case.
Abdurazok Gaforov is originally from Khujand. At the end of 2005 few people were arrested in Khujand on suspicion of being a part of Hizb ut-Tahrir, the prohibited Islamic party. Despite the fact that Abdurazok said he was never involved in this party, he was arrested in February of 2006. After being tortured for several months he managed to escape from the prison. In 2007 Abdurazok moved to Russia.

By the demand of Tajik authorities, Mr. Gaforov was detained in Moscow on August 5, 2008. He applied for refugee status, but got the rejection:..Prosecutor General order to extradite Mr. Gaforov within 15 days, not waiting for expiration of term, assigned by the law for appealing procedure, and ignoring the prohibited practice of sending refugees back to their countries of origin, approved both by Russian and international law.

Mr. Gaforov spent over 20.5 months in the remand prison in Moscow although, in accordance with Russian laws, he must have been allowed to spend there no more than 18 months. Therefore, Abdurazok was illegally imprisoned for over 1.5 years.

European Court assigned to compensate 15000 Euros to Mr. Gaforov for moral damage and 6825 Euros for litigation costs.

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War on Terror Tajik-Style: Shave Those Beards

Posted by Info on 22/10/2010

If you wear a beard in Tajikistan, you must be a terrorist. At least, that’s what some authorities appear to believe. In their latest effort to stamp out expressions of Islam in the country, police have begun detaining bearded men, according to local press reports.

Though the chairman of the State Committee for Religious Affairs has denied the existence of any injunction against beards, a recent article by Dushanbe’s Asia-Plus news agency documents testimony from several men detained for having beards. Muslim men often grow beards out of reverence for the Prophet Mohammed.
One (formerly?) bearded Dushanbe resident described his detention:

“[Police] explained that [my detention] was connected with anti-terror measures. Is it normal to see a terrorist in every bearded man? Logically, a terrorist would not wear a beard to avoid attracting attention, knowing how such people are being treated nowadays. However, what should we do, we who have no extremist views and are just fulfilling the sunnahs [following the practices of the Prophet]? For me the beard is a sunnah, which I want to and should fulfill. When I tried to explain that, they said that I could live in Pakistan, for example, if I am not satisfied with the laws of this country.”

Interior Ministry spokesman Mahmadullo Asadulloev confirmed that a campaign against men with long beards had begun. But he said it was only against suspected followers of Salafism, a strict form of Islam.
Asadulloev added that all “suspicious men” detained during the campaign would be freed after they were questioned, listed, and fingerprinted.

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Tajikistan “Handle” Situation In East Without Foreign Help – By Killing

Posted by Info on 19/10/2010

Tajik forces said they killed three militants near the Afghan border.

Interior Ministry spokesman Makhmadullo Asadulloyev described them as Tajik citizens who received al-Qaeda training in Afghanistan. Tajik forces reportedly killed the militants in the Rasht District, where government troops have been fighting insurgents since September 22, after a September 19 militant ambush.

Turkmenistan and Russia had offered assistance in policing the border, but Tajikistan can handle the situation in the east without foreign help, Tajik Foreign Minister Khamrokhon Zarifi said October 18.

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OSCE In Poland: Media Pluralism In Tajikistan In Danger

Posted by Info on 18/10/2010

Since 29 September, several Tajik and foreign information websites have been inaccessible in the country. At the same time, tax inspections took place in several independent newspapers and printing houses following which the printing houses refused to print a number of independent newspapers.

In a letter to the Foreign Minister of Tajikistan, Hamrokhon Zarifi, the OSCE Representative wrote: “The practices of blocking websites, preventing newspapers from printing and launching tax or prosecutorial inspections by the authorities are serious non-compliance with Tajikistan’s OSCE media freedom commitments.”

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Le Tadjikistan Menacé De «Talibanisation»

Posted by Info on 12/10/2010

Le Tadjikistan est-il en voie de «talibanisation» ? Après l’Afghanistan, le Pakistan et le Kirghizstan, les chancelleries occidentales redoutent l’apparition d’un nouveau foyer de crise en Asie centrale.
Le spectre d’une nouvelle guerre civile hante …depuis le 19 septembre, d’une insurrection armée. Celle-ci semble gagner du terrain au vu des violents combats qui opposent l’armée tadjike à des groupes islamistes dans le district de Racht

Tout a commencé par une série d’incidents violents. Le 23 août, 25 prisonniers se sont évadés d’une prison de Douchanbé, surnommée ici Guantanamo.
Onze jours plus tard, une attaque suicide – modus operandi inédit au Tadjikistan – a été perpétrée contre un poste de police à Khoudjand, dans le nord du pays…. Dans la nuit du 5 au 6 septembre, sept personnes ont été blessées par l’explosion d’une bombe dans une discothèque de Douchanbé. Cet attentat pourrait être lié à un règlement de comptes mafieux
Enfin, le 19 septembre, un convoi militaire qui recherchait les évadés du 23 août a été attaqué par un groupe armé dans la vallée de Racht. L’embuscade a fait officiellement 28 morts parmi les soldats…. L’attaque a été revendiquée par le Mouvement islamique d’Ouzbékistan. Elle a été le prélude de combats qui semblent s’amplifier.
Il compterait de 2000 à 3 000 hommes venus de toute l’Asie centrale et aurait noué des contacts avec les séparatistes ouïgours de la province chinoise du Xinjiang. Le MIO rêve aujourd’hui d’instaurer un régime théocratique dans toute l’Asie centrale.

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Tajikistan:Internet Providers Blocked “Undesired” Mass Media As Ferghana

Posted by Info on 12/10/2010

Tajikistan became another state of post-Soviet Central Asia that on the governmental level decided to fight against journalists and strictly filter the public access to the World Wide Web. On October 11, 2010 the leading internet providers in Tajikistan blocked the access to the number of websites of local and foreign web media and Ferghana.Ru, Russian e-edition, specifically.

The source in Telecom technology shared with Ferghana.Ru that the company is forced to perform the written order of Ministry of transport and communications of Tajikistan on blocking the number of websites, including Ferghana.Ru and Centrasia.Ru. The source mentioned that the companies never responded on such oral instructions before.

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